conditions persisted throughout much of the Intermountain West,
northern Great Plains and eastward into the lower Great Lakes
region during the month of April.
For detailed information on drought conditions in the United
States, see the regional
|The development of
Tropical Cyclone Inigo near the Indonesian island of Sumba on April
1st brought torrential rainfall to Sumba and Flores during March
31-April 2. Mudslides on the island of Flores caused 32 deaths,
with 29 of those fatalities occurring in the town of Ndona
In Malawi, flooding rains in early April were responsible for 4
deaths and the destruction of 530 hectares (1,300 acres) of crops
(Associated Press). About 2,000 families were rendered homeless,
and numerous roads and bridges were destroyed.
thunderstorms on the 14th produced torrential rains and flash
flooding in the northern part of the country leaving fourteen dead
(BBC News). In Nizwa, southwest of the capital city of Muscat, 66
mm (2.6 inches) of rain fell, which is more than double the normal
rainfall received in the entire month of April.
precipitation continued across much of Afghanistan during early to
mid April, with significant flooding reported in southern
Afghanistan's Helmand province, which resulted in at least 30
Farther north in Kyrgyzstan, heavy precipitation caused a
devastating landslide which hit the village of Kara-Taryk, located
about 100 km (60 miles) east of Osh City. The landslide was
responsible for at least 38 fatalities (OCHA). Heavy precipitation
that has fallen across the southwest Asia mountain region has
drought conditions that were present during 1998-2002.
|At least 4 deaths were
blamed on flooding from heavy rains across Puerto Rico, Haiti and
the Dominican Republic during April 12-18 (Associated Press). Three
of the fatalities occurred in Puerto Rico, where three days of
heavy rains culminated on the 18th.
||Santa Fe, Argentina
was reportedly hit by the worst flooding since 1573 (BBC News).
Several days of heavy rainfall caused some major rivers in the
area, including the Salado River, to rise as much as 508 mm (20
inches) in 12 hours. At least 23 people were killed and over 45,000
people evacuated from the area (OCHA/GVA). By early May, the
flooding was so severe that Santa Fe was characterized as an island
Heavy rains that fell in northwest Bolivia during March 31-April
1 resulted in a deadly mudslide that killed 14 people and buried
dozens of homes (Reuters, OCHA). The mudslide occurred in the gold
mining town of Chima, located about 580 km (360 miles) north of the
capital of La Paz.
For an archive of flood events worldwide, see the
Dartmouth Flood Observatory.
|A frontal system
brought severe weather to parts of the U.S. Great Plains eastward
into the lower Mississippi Valley region during April 5-7. Numerous
reports of wind and hail damage were received, along with isolated
More severe weather including tornadoes affected the southern
Plains eastward into parts of the Ohio and Tennessee Valley region
In Southeast China's Guangdong province, severe thunderstorms on
the 14th resulted in one death and 24 injuries (People's Daily
News). Hail the size of eggs caused damage to homes and crops, and
120 mm (4.7 inches) of rain fell in the city of Nanxiong, producing
In Bangladesh, strong thunderstorms were blamed for capsizing a
ferry which killed 130 people on the 21st (Associated Press). More
severe thunderstorms caused damage to planes parked at the Dhaka
International Airport on the 22nd, as strong winds also produced
power outages throughout the city.
developed near Sumba on the 1st and produced locally heavy rains on Sumba and Flores. The cyclone
reached maximum intensity on the 4th over open waters of the Indian
Ocean, as maximum sustained winds peaked at 260 km/hr (140 knots or
160 mph). The cyclone dissipated as it crossed into
Western Australia on the 8th, bringing locally heavy showers to
coastal areas west of Port Hedland.
|Typhoon Kujira developed
in the Pacific Ocean on the 9th and reached typhoon strength on the
passed south of Guam on the 14th, producing gusty winds and locally
heavy showers on the island.
weakened into a tropical storm before recurving to the east of
Taiwan on the 24th. The weakened remnants of Kujira passed over
Japan during the 25th-26th, bringing heavy rains and winds
gusting over 85 km/hr (45 knots or 50 mph).
|Tropical Storm Ana
developed as a subtropical storm on the 20th and became the first
Atlantic tropical storm (since records began in 1871) during the
month April on the 22nd. Maximum sustained winds reached 80 km/hr
(45 knots or 50 mph), although the storm remained over open
Atlantic Ocean waters before dissipating on the 23rd.
||A strong frontal
system which swept across New Mexico on the 15th produced strong
winds gusting as high as 210 km/hr (130 mph) at the White Sands
Missile Range. Sustained winds over 55 km/hr (35 mph) produced
significant amounts of blowing dust which was responsible for a
10-car pileup near the town of Deming that killed 2 people
||Strong winds and
blowing dust affected a wide area from New Mexico and through much
of western Texas. Strong thunderstorms erupted as the cold front
pressed into Texas and Oklahoma.
A late season winter storm dumped up to 22
inches (56 cm) of snow across the higher elevations of the
western North Carolina mountains on April 10.
||Late season snow cover
began a steady northward retreat across Europe and Asia, with most
of Siberia still covered by the end of the month.
Basist, A., N.C. Grody, T.C. Peterson and C.N. Williams, 1998:
Using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to Monitor Land Surface
Temperatures, Wetness, and Snow Cover. Journal of Applied
Meteorology, 37, 888-911.
Peterson, Thomas C. and Russell S. Vose, 1997: An overview of
the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature data base.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,