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Taylor Dome Ice Core

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Taylor Dome is a local ice-accumulation area that is part of the East Antarctic ice sheet. It is a ridge about 20 by 80 km just inland of the Transantarctic Mountains and provides ice to outlet glaciers entering Taylor Valley and McMurdo Sound.

Deep drilling at Taylor Dome successfully reached bedrock at a depth of 554 meters during the 1993-1994 austral summer season at latitude 77°47'47'' S, longitude 158°43'26'' E, elevation 2365 m above sea level.

The Taylor Dome ice core is only the second core (after Vostok) to provide a stratigraphically undisturbed record through the entire last glacial cycle (that is, the last 130,000 years or more) It has the advantage over many other Antarctic cores in being relatively shallow (554 meters), meaning that gas bubbles trapped in the ice have not reached pressures sufficient to cause significant clathrate formation, even for ice that is pre-Holocene (greater than ~11,000 years) in age. This has enabled researchers to obtain what are likely the best CO2 and delta 13C of CO2 measurements ever made of the ancient atmosphere.


Sowers, T., R.B. Alley, and J. Jubenville, 2003, Ice Core Records of Atmospheric N2O Covering the Last 106,000 Years, Science, Volume 301, Number 5635, pp. 945-948, Aug 15 2003.

Steig EJ, Morse DL, Waddington ED, Stuiver M, Grootes PM, Mayewski PM, Whitlow SI, Twickler MS. Wisconsinan and Holocene climate history from an ice core at Taylor Dome, western Ross Embayment, Antarctica. Geografiska Annaler (in press).

Morse DL, Waddington ED, Marshall HP, Neumann TA, Steig EJ, Dibb JE, Winebrenner DP, Arthern RJ. Accumulation rate measurements at Taylor Dome, East Antarctica: Techniques and Strategies for mass balance measurements in polar environments. Geografiska Annaler (in press).

Stuiver M, Grootes PM. GISP2 - Taylor Dome oxygen isotope ratios. Quaternary Research in press.

Fischer H, Wahlen M, Smith J, Mastoianni D, Deck B. Ice core records of atmospheric CO2 around the last three glacial terminations. Science 283: 1712-1714 (1999).

Indermühle A, Stocker TF, Joos F, Fischer H, Smith HJ, Wahlen M, Deck M, Mastroianni D, Tschumi J, Blunier T, Meyer R, Stauffer B. Holocene carbon-cycle dynamics based on CO2 trapped in ice at Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Nature 398: 121-126 (1999).

Steig EJ, Hart CP, White JWC, Cunningham WL, Davis MD, Saltzman ES. Changes in climate, ocean and ice sheet conditions in the Ross Embayment at 6 ka. Annals of Glaciology 27: 305-310 (1998).

Steig EJ, Brook EJ, White JWC, Sucher CM, Bender ML, Lehman SJ, Morse DL, Waddington ED, Clow GD. Synchronous climate changes in Antarctica and the North Atlantic. Science 282 (5386), 92-95 (1998).

Morse DL, Waddington ED & Steig EJ. Ice age storm trajectories inferred from radar stratigraphy at Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters 25, 3383-3386 (1998).

Steig EJ, Morse DL, Waddington ED, Polissar PJ. Using the sunspot cycle to date ice cores. Geophysical Research Letters 25: 163-166 (1998).

White JWC, Steig EJ. Timing is everything in a game of two hemispheres. Nature 394: 717-718 (1998).

Cressie, N. Transect-spacing design of ice cores on the Antarctic continent. The Canadian Journal of Statistics 26: 405-418 (1998).

Waddington ED, Clow GD. Warming in South Victoria Land, Antarctica, from borehole thermometry. EOS Transactions 78: F41 (1997).

Stager JC, Mayewski PA. Abrupt early to mid-Holocene climate transition registered at the equator and the poles. Science 276: 1834-1836.

Steig EJ. How well can we parameterize past accumulation rates in polar ice sheets? Annals of Glaciology 25: 418-422 (1997).

Morse DL. Glacier geophysics at Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Ph.D. thesis, Geophysics Program, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA (1997).

Steig EJ. Beryllium-10 in the Taylor Dome ice core: applications to Antarctic glaciology and paleoclimatology. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA (1996).

Clow GD, Saltus RW, Waddington ED. New high-precision borehole-temperature logging system used at GISP2, Greenland, and Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology 42: 576-584 (1996).

Clow GD and Waddington ED. Acquisition of borehole temperature measurements from Taylor Dome and the Dry Valleys for paleoclimate reconstruction. Antarctic Journal of the United States 31: 71-72 (1996).

Mayewski PA, Twickler MS, Whitlow SI, Meeker LD, Yang Q, Thomas J, Kreutz K, Grootes PM, Morse DL, Steig EJ, Waddington ED, Saltzman E, Whung P-Y, Taylor K. Climate Change During the Last Deglaciation in Antarctica. Science 272: 1636-1638 (1996).

Steig EJ, Polissar PJ, Stuiver M, Finkel RC, Grootes PM. Large amplitude solar modulation cycles of 10-Be in Antarctica: implications for atmospheric mixing processes and interpretation of the ice core record. Geophysical Research Letters 25: 523-526 (1996).

Steig EJ, Polissar P, Stuiver M. Cosmogenic isotope concentrations at Taylor Dome. Antarctic Journal of the United States 30: 95-97 (1995).

Fitzpatrick J. Physical properties of the Taylor Dome ice core. EOS Transactions 75 (44): 225 (1994).

Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Stuiver M, Waddington ED, Morse DL. A new ice core record from Taylor Dome, Antarctica. EOS Transactions 75 225 (1994).

Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Stuiver M. Taylor Ice-Dome Study 1993/1994: An ice core to bedrock. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 79-81 (1994).

Malaize B, Bender ML, Luz, B, Sucher C, Grootes PM, Steig EJ. Chronology of the Taylor Dome ice core based on the del 18-O of O2 in trapped air. EOS Transactions 75: 226 (1994).

Steig EJ, Grootes PM. First measurements of the solar modulation cycle in 10Be concentrations in Antarctica: implications for use of 10Be as an indicator of snow accumulation rates. EOS Transactions 75 213 (1994).

Waddington ED, Grootes PM, Denton GH, Drewry DJ. Naming antarctic features to avoid ambiguity: name of Taylor/McMurdo Dome ice core site resolved. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 9-11 (1994).

Waddington ED, Morse DL. Spatial variations of local climate at Taylor Dome, Antarctica: impications for paleoclimate from ice cores. Annals of Glaciology 20: 219-225 (1994).

Waddington ED, Grootes PM, Denton GH, Drewry DJ. Comment on "Antarctic drill extracts new core for climate studies" EOS 75: 573 (1994).

Waddington ED, Morse DL, Clow GD. Glacier geophysical studies at Taylor Dome: Year 4. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 82-84 (1994).

Morse DL, Waddington ED. Glacier geophysical studies for an ice core site at Taylor Dome: year three. Antarctic Journal of the United States 28 67-69 (1993).

Waddington ED, Morse DL, Grootes PM, Steig EJ. The connection between ice dynamics and paleoclimate from ice cores: a study of Taylor Dome, Antarctica. In Peltier WR, ed., Ice in the Climate System, NATO ASI Series I12: 499-516 (1993).

Morse DL, Waddington ED. Glacier geophysical studies for an ice-core site at Taylor Dome: year two. Antarctic Journal of the United States 27: 59-61 (1992).

Grootes PM, Steig EJ. Taylor Dome ice-core study. Antarctic Journal of the United States 27: 57-58 (1992).

Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Massey C. "Taylor Ice-Dome" study: reconnaissance 1990-1991. Antarctic Journal of the United States 26: 69-71.

Waddington ED, Morse, DL, Balise MJ, Firestone J. 1991. Glacier geophysical studies for an ice core site at Taylor Dome. Antarctic Journal of the United States 26: 71-73 (1991).

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