Global Hazards And Significant
Intense monsoon-related showers and
thunderstorms dumped 944 mm (37.1 inches) of rain on Mumbai
(Bombay), India on July 26, producing massive flooding. Additional
information can be found below.
& Heat | Flooding | Storms | Tropical Cyclones |
Extratropical Cyclones | Severe Winter Weather
|During spring, rain
and snowfall ameliorated drought conditions throughout portions of
the northern and central Rockies. Drought conditions expanded
throughout portions of the Mississippi Valley by early July 2005.
By late in the month, the U.S. Department of Agriculture declared
all of Illinois a disaster area due to the general crop failure
caused by drought (Reuters).
U.S. Drought Monitor
southwestern United States, a severe heat wave gripped the
region during early to mid-July. Maximum temperatures above
40°C (104°F) affected parts of Nevada, California, Arizona
and southern Utah. Numerous temperature records were set around the
region, and Las Vegas, NV tied their all-time record high
temperature of 47.2°C (117°F) on the 19th, equalling the
old record set on July 24, 1942. Death Valley had 7 consecutive
days (July 14-20) with high temperatures equal to or above
51.7°C (125°F). At least 13 deaths were blamed on the heat
wave in Arizona (Associated Press). The heat wave had spread to the
East Coast by the 25th.
|Heat and drought affected much of
southern Europe and North Africa during July. In France, water
rationing was in place throughout half of the country, with western
areas the most acutely affected by drought. Neighboring Spain and
Portugal experienced the worst drought conditions since the late
1940s, with 97 percent of Portugal affected by severe to extreme
drought. In Algeria, a heat wave pushed temperatures as high as
50°C (121°F) and claimed more than a dozen lives.
Throughout the entire region, forest fires charred thousands of
hectares (acres) (BBC News).
|In Romania, flooding
affected the northeastern part of the country during the first half
of July with 23 fatalities reported along with destruction of more
than 2,300 homes. The flooding was reportedly the worst in 30
years, with preliminary damage estimates near $1.2 billion (USD)
(Reuters). Romania also experienced flooding during the
month of May 2005. In addition, flooding affected adjacent
areas of Bulgaria where around 48,000 residential and public
buildings had been flooded throughout the country (OCHA).
Flooding in Romania
Asia Precipitation Anomalies
which began in May 2005 across southern China continued into July.
In the Sichuan province, 49 people were killed and over 400,000
evacuated due to flooding and landslides by July 13 (OCHA).
|In Pakistan, unusually warm
temperatures in mountainous areas of northern Pakistan accelerated
snowmelt and brought extensive flooding along the Kabul, Swat,
Sindh and Indus Rivers (OCHA). In far northeastern India, heavy
monsoon rains brought flooding to the Brahmaputra River which
displaced 8,000 people in Assam state and resulted in at least 12
|In India's western
state of Maharashtra, exceptionally heavy rainfall was recorded on
July 26 when 944 mm (37.1 inches) of rain fell in the state capital
of Mumbai (Bombay), breaking the city's 24-hour rainfall record.
This unprecedented rainfall produced widespread, massive flooding
that was responsible for the deaths of over 1,000 people in the
Maharashtra state, including at least 429 in the city of Mumbai
(Bombay). Estimated economic losses were near $3.5 billion (USD)
(Associated Press/CBS News/BBC News/Reuters).
|In Austria, flooding along the Salzach
River prompted the evacuation of a hospital at Mittersill on July
12. At least 60 patients and staff were evacuated to Salzburg after
heavy rains produced the flooding (AFP).
|Severe thunderstorms that affected
portions of the United Kingdom produced a tornado that struck the
city of Birmingham on the afternoon of July 28. The tornado damaged
buildings and cars, uprooted trees and tore roofs off houses in an
area south of the city's center. There were 23 injuries but no
fatalities (BBC News/AFP).
Satellite Image Of Cindy
developed as a depression in the far western Caribbean on the 3rd,
tracking across the Yucatan Peninsula before entering the Gulf of
Mexico and reaching tropical storm strength by the 5th. Cindy made landfall
near Grand Isle, Louisiana late the same day with maximum
sustained winds near 110 km/hr (60 knots or 70 mph). More than
300,000 homes and businesses lost electricity in Louisiana, Alabama
and Mississippi (Associated Press).
|In the eastern Pacific, Tropical Storm
developed on July 4 about 75 km (45 miles) west-southwest of
Acapulco, Mexico. Maximum sustained winds were near 65 km/hr (35
knots or 40 mph), although the center of Dora moved parallel to the
Mexican coastline and did not make landfall. The primary effect of
the tropical storm was heavy rainfall along the coast. Dora
dissipated on the 6th.
Satellite Image Of Dennis
|Hurricane Dennis developed as
a depression in the southeastern Caribbean Sea on the 4th, reaching
tropical storm strength on the 5th. This was the earliest date on
record for four named storms to have formed in the Atlantic Ocean.
The storm achieved hurricane status by the 6th, passing just north
of Jamaica on the 7th and dumping very heavy rainfall on the
island. Dennis made landfall in
south-central Cuba on the 8th as a
category-four hurricane, or the strongest hurricane on record
for so early in the season. There were 16 deaths in Cuba and 25 in
Haiti. Damage estimates in Cuba were near $1.4 billion (USD), with
120,000 houses damaged or destroyed. It was Cuba's highest death
toll from a hurricane since Flora in October 1963 when over 1,100
people perished (Reuters/Associated Press).
northwestward into the southeastern Gulf of Mexico, having weakned
from its passage over Cuba. The hurricane re-attained category-four
strength over the eastern Gulf of Mexico by the 9th, but weakened
to category-three intensity at the time of a final landfall near
Pensacola, Florida on the 10th. Maximum sustained winds at the time
of landfall were near 195 km/hr (105 knots or 120 mph). There were
9 hurricane-related fatalities in the U.S. (Florida, Mississippi
and Georgia), and preliminary estimates of insured losses ranged
from $1 to $1.5 billion (USD). Heavy rainfall
affected a wide area from the Gulf Coast, Southeast and
Radar Animation of Hurricane
Satellite Image Of Emily
|Hurricane Emily developed in
the central tropical Atlantic Ocean on the 10th as a depression and
reached tropical storm strength by the 11th. Emily became a
hurricane late on the 13th and slammed into Grenada early on the
14th with winds near 150 km/hr (80 knots 90 mph). Emily passed
south of Haiti on the 15th and was blamed for 6 deaths (AFP).
Jamaica received heavy rainfall from the hurricane on the 16th,
although the center passed south of the island.
westward, reaching Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula near Cozumel on the
18th as a category-four hurricane with maximum sustained winds near
215 km/hr (120 knots or 135 mph). The hurricane entered the Gulf
of Mexico and continued westward, reaching the
northeastern coast of Mexico near Boca Madre, or about 120 km
(75 miles) south of Brownsville, Texas, on the 20th. Maxiumum
sustained winds at the time of landfall were near 205 km/hr (110
knots or 125 mph), or a category-three hurricane. In Mexico, there
was one fatality reported, with many houses damaged and
agricultural fields flooded (Associated Press).
Emily Satellite Animation
Satellite Animation of Haitang (~6.5MB)
|Typhoon Haitang developed
in the western Pacific Ocean on the 11th and reached typhoon status
on the 13th. Haitang made an initial landfall in Taiwan on the 18th
with maximum sustained winds near 195 km/hr (105 knots or 120 mph).
Flooding and mudslides accompanied the typhoon, with up to one
meter (over three feet) of rainfall reported in some mountainous
areas of Taiwan (CNN). Haitang then continued westward, reaching
Huangqi, China on the 19th with top sustained winds near 120 km/hr
(65 knots or 75 mph). There were 12 deaths in Taiwan and 1 in
China's Zhejiang province (Associated Press).
developed as a depression in the northwestern Pacific Ocean on the
21st, reaching tropical storm strength the next day. Banyan tracked
to the north and skirted the east coast of Japan on the 26th with
maximum sustained winds near 75 km/hr (40 knots or 45 mph). The
primary effect from Banyan was heavy rainfall.
Tropical Storm Banyan
|In the northwest Pacific Ocean,
Tropical Storm Washi developed in
the South China Sea on the 28th and moved across the island of
Hainan on the 30th. The depression emerged in the Gulf of Tonkin
and made landfall in northern Vietnam on the 31st with maximum
sustained winds near 85 km/hr (45 knots or 50 mph). The primary
impact from Washi was locally heavy rainfall along its path.
|No reports of significant
extratropical cyclones were received during July 2005
|No reports of severe winter weather
were received during July 2005
Citing This Report
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Hazards for July 2005, published online August 2005, retrieved on May 18, 2021 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/hazards/200507.