Global Highlights:

  • Global average combined land and sea surface temperature was the third warmest for November 2002 and fourth warmest for September-November
  • September-November temperatures were colder than average over the central U.S. and northern Europe, with above average warmth across Alaska, northern Canada, Australia and from the Mediterranean region eastward to western China
  • Precipitation during September-November was above average over the eastern U.S. and southern Europe, while notably drier weather occurred across northern Europe and eastern Australia

Contents of this Section:

The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.


The September-November 2002 mean temperature was above the 1988-2002 average across western Canada and Alaska, the eastern Mediterranean to western China, and Australia and Paraguay as shown in the adjacent map of blended satellite and in situ data. Cooler than average temperatures were noted over parts of the United States, northern Europe and the southern tip of Argentina and Chile. The mean position of upper level ridges and troughs of low pressure depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies), are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. Warmer-than-average sea surface temperatures were observed throughout the tropical Pacific, the signature of El Niño conditions. Click Here for the global blended temperature in September-November 2002
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Click Here for the Global Temperature Anomalies in November 2002
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November temperature anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network data set of land surface stations using a 1961-1990 base period show below average temperatures in the eastern half of the U.S., most of northern Europe and the Far East. Notable warm anomalies were present over Alaska and western Canada, southern Europe and the Mediterranean region, and eastern Siberia.


  • For November 2002, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.57°C (1.03°F) above the 1880-2001 average, ranking as the third warmest November in the period of record
  • The warmest November occurred in 2001, with an anomaly of +0.67°C (+1.21°F)
Click Here for the Global Temp Anomalies in November 2002
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  • For September-November 2002, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.50°C (0.9°F) above the long term mean, or fourth warmest for boreal fall
  • Ocean surface temperatures were 0.44°C (0.79°F) above the 1880-2001 mean, or fourth warmest for September-November.
Click Here for the Global Temperature Timeseries
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  • The global land and ocean surface temperature average (January-November 2002) was the second warmest such 11-month period in the 1880-2002 record, 0.57°C (1.03°F) above the long-term mean and 0.07°C (0.13°F) cooler than during the El Niño year of 1998
  • January-November 2002 average temperature across land and ocean areas also ranked as second warmest on record, or 0.93°C (1.67°F) and 0.41°C (0.74°F) above the 1880-2001 average, respectively.
Click Here for the Global Temp Anomalies in January-November 2002
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  • During September-November 2002, much above average precipitation fell along the U.S Eastern Seaboard and Gulf coast, as well as the southern half of Europe
  • Below average precipitation was observed across eastern Australia, much of the western U.S. and Pacific coast of North America, and Scandinavia
  • During the month of November, unusually wet weather occurred in southwestern Europe, while the western two-thirds of the U.S. and eastern Australia experienced drier than average conditions
  • Additional regional analysis can be found on the Global Hazards page
Click Here for the Global Precip Anomalies in September-November 2002
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Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Climate Report for November 2002, published online December 2002, retrieved on September 23, 2021 from