Global Climate Report - July 2002

Global Highlights:

  • Global average combined land and sea surface temperature in 2002 was the second warmest on record for July
  • July temperatures were 3-5°C (5.4-9°F) warmer than average over much of eastern Europe and western Russia, as well as parts of the western U.S.
  • Above average precipitation during July occurred across the islands of the western Pacific, including Japan and parts of southeast China, with much drier conditions across India, parts of Australia and the U.S.

Contents of this Section:

This is a break in the document The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page. This is a break in the document

Top of Page Introduction

The July 2002 mean temperature was above the 1988-2002 average across eastern Europe and western Russia, much of the United States and over India and Mongolia as shown in the adjacent map of blended satellite and in-situ data. Cooler than average temperatures occurred across South Africa and northern Australia. The mean position of upper level ridges and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies), are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. Warmer-than-average sea surface temperatures were observed throughout the tropical Pacific during July, the signature of weak El Niño conditions. Global Blended Temperature in June 2002
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Global Temperature Anomalies in July 2002
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July temperature anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network data set of land surface stations using a 1961-1990 base period also show the warmer than average temperatures across much of the United States, and across a large area from Scandinavia southward into north Africa. Cooler than average temperatures were observed over much of Argentina and parts of Australia.
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Top of Page Temperature

  • For July 2002, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.49°C (0.88°F) above the 1880-2001 average, ranking as the second warmest July in the period of record
  • The warmest July occurred 4 years ago during the last El Niño episode
  • The July land surface temperature average was second warmest on record, 0.82°C (1.48°F) above average
  • Globally averaged ocean surface tempeatures were 0.35°C (0.63°F) above the 1880-2001 mean, or fourth warmest
Global Temp Anomalies in July 2002
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  • The global land and ocean surface temperature average (January-July 2002) was the second warmest such 7-month period in the 1880-2002 record, 0.62°C (1.12°F) above the long-term mean and 0.06°C (0.11°F) cooler than during the El Niño year of 1998
  • Year to date average temperature across land areas ranks as warmest on record for the 7-month period from January-July 2002, or 1.10°C (1.98°F) above the 1880-2001 average
Global Temp Anomalies in January-July 2002
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  • Serial monthly global surface temperature departures with respect to a 1971-2000 mean are shown in the figure to the right
  • The recent return to record or near record temperature departures is evident, and globally averaged surface temperatures (land and ocean) have been warmer than the 1971-2000 average for the last 75 consecutive months
Global Temperature Timeseries
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Top of Page Precipitation

  • During July 2002, much above average precipitation fell across the western Pacific, including southeast China, the Philippines and Japan as a number of tropical storms and typhoons affected the region
  • Other areas of above average precipitation were noted over western Europe and the Mediterranean
  • Monsoon rains were much lighter than average over India, while drier conditions were also observed over parts of the United States and most of Australia
  • Additional regional analysis can be found on the Global Hazards page
Global Precip Anomalies in June 2002 larger image

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Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Climate Report for July 2002, published online August 2002, retrieved on January 19, 2018 from