Continental Temperature Anomalies

Year To Date

January - December 2021
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.40 +2.52 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 7th 2016 +1.92 +3.46
Coolest 106th 1917 -1.31 -2.36
South America +1.09 +1.96 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 6th 2015 +1.41 +2.54
Coolest 107th 1917 -0.89 -1.60
Europe +1.28 +2.30 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 9th 2020 +2.17 +3.91
Coolest 104th 1956 -1.07 -1.93
Africa +1.33 +2.39 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 3rd 2016 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 109th 1918 -0.68 -1.22
Ties: 2019
Asia +1.60 +2.88 +0.17 +0.31 Warmest 7th 2020 +2.06 +3.71
Coolest 106th 1912 -0.89 -1.60
Oceania +0.67 +1.21 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 18th 2019 +1.32 +2.38
Coolest 95th 1917 -0.84 -1.51

Regional Temperature Anomalies

Year To Date

January - December 2021
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.68 +1.22 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 8th 2016 +1.03 +1.85
Coolest 105th 1910 -0.84 -1.51
Atlantic MDR +0.62 +1.12 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 11th 2010 +1.19 +2.14
Coolest 101st 1913 -0.81 -1.46
Ties: 2006
Gulf of Mexico +0.42 +0.76 +0.05 +0.09 Warmest 12th 2016 +0.87 +1.57
Coolest 101st 1910 -0.80 -1.44
Hawaiian Region +0.19 +0.34 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 45th 2015 +1.14 +2.05
Coolest 67th 1910 -0.91 -1.64
Ties: 2007
East N Pacific +0.45 +0.81 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 20th 2015 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 93rd 1917 -1.00 -1.80

Background

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1
Regions 2

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for Annual 2021, published online January 2022, retrieved on January 29, 2022 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/202113.