Regional Analysis - May 2020

Continental Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

May 2020
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.56 +1.01 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 31st 2018, 1998 +1.87 +3.37
Coolest 81st 1917 -1.93 -3.47
South America +1.08 +1.94 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 6th 2015 +1.37 +2.47
Coolest 106th 1917 -1.48 -2.66
Europe +0.45 +0.81 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 48th 2018 +2.91 +5.24
Coolest 64th 1941 -1.78 -3.20
Africa +1.51 +2.72 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 5th 2019 +1.65 +2.97
Coolest 107th 1911 -1.05 -1.89
Asia +2.09 +3.76 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 1st 2020 +2.09 +3.76
Coolest 111th 1960 -1.00 -1.80
Oceania -0.01 -0.02 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 61st 2016 +2.12 +3.82
Coolest 51st 1913 -1.98 -3.56

Year To Date

January - May 2020
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.07 +1.93 +0.16 +0.28 Warmest 18th 2016 +2.42 +4.36
Coolest 94th 1917 -1.69 -3.04
South America +1.37 +2.47 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 1st 2020 +1.37 +2.47
Coolest 111th 1917 -0.96 -1.73
Europe +2.30 +4.14 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 1st 2020 +2.30 +4.14
Coolest 111th 1942, 1929 -2.20 -3.96
Africa +1.27 +2.29 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.92 +3.46
Coolest 109th 1918 -1.05 -1.89
Asia +3.12 +5.62 +0.22 +0.39 Warmest 1st 2020 +3.12 +5.62
Coolest 111th 1969 -1.74 -3.13
Oceania +1.04 +1.87 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 9th 2016 +1.74 +3.13
Coolest 103rd 1917 -1.37 -2.47

Seasonal

March - May 2020
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.67 +1.21 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 29th 2012 +2.08 +3.74
Coolest 83rd 1917 -1.44 -2.59
South America +1.41 +2.54 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 1st 2020 +1.41 +2.54
Coolest 111th 1917 -1.10 -1.98
Europe +1.47 +2.65 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 10th 2014 +2.07 +3.73
Coolest 102nd 1917 -1.44 -2.59
Africa +1.49 +2.68 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 3rd 2016, 2010 +1.79 +3.22
Coolest 109th 1918 -0.97 -1.75
Asia +2.67 +4.81 +0.22 +0.40 Warmest 1st 2020 +2.67 +4.81
Coolest 111th 1911 -0.97 -1.75
Oceania +0.85 +1.53 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 19th 2016 +2.08 +3.74
Coolest 93rd 1917 -1.25 -2.25

Regional Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

May 2020
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +1.02 +1.84 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.06 +1.91
Coolest 110th 1910 -1.07 -1.93
Atlantic MDR +0.81 +1.46 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 8th 2010 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 104th 1913 -0.91 -1.64
Gulf of Mexico +0.83 +1.49 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 7th 1943 +1.24 +2.23
Coolest 104th 1917 -1.47 -2.65
Ties: 2016
Hawaiian Region +0.50 +0.90 +0.06 +0.11 Warmest 21st 2019 +1.14 +2.05
Coolest 90th 1933 -0.94 -1.69
Ties: 1951
East N Pacific +1.01 +1.82 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 4th 2015 +1.52 +2.74
Coolest 108th 1917 -1.65 -2.97

Year To Date

January - May 2020
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +1.02 +1.84 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.04 +1.87
Coolest 110th 1910 -1.03 -1.85
Atlantic MDR +0.81 +1.46 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 5th 2010 +1.33 +2.39
Coolest 107th 1923 -0.87 -1.57
Gulf of Mexico +1.12 +2.02 +0.03 +0.05 Warmest 1st 2020 +1.12 +2.02
Coolest 111th 1931 -1.18 -2.12
Hawaiian Region +0.55 +0.99 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 18th 2016 +0.94 +1.69
Coolest 94th 1910 -0.93 -1.67
East N Pacific +0.84 +1.51 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 9th 2015 +1.42 +2.56
Coolest 103rd 1917 -1.35 -2.43

Seasonal

March - May 2020
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.99 +1.78 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.01 +1.82
Coolest 110th 1910 -1.01 -1.82
Atlantic MDR +0.84 +1.51 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 5th 2010 +1.50 +2.70
Coolest 107th 1913 -0.91 -1.64
Gulf of Mexico +1.39 +2.50 +0.05 +0.08 Warmest 1st 2020 +1.39 +2.50
Coolest 111th 1931 -1.48 -2.66
Hawaiian Region +0.45 +0.81 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 25th 2017 +1.10 +1.98
Coolest 87th 1910 -0.80 -1.44
East N Pacific +0.93 +1.67 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 5th 2015 +1.54 +2.77
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.36 -2.45

Background

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 2

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for May 2020, published online June 2020, retrieved on July 2, 2020 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/202005.