Regional Analysis - January 2020

Continental Temperature Anomalies

January 2020
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 111 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +2.12 +3.82 +0.22 +0.39 Warmest 16th 2006 +4.06 +7.31
Coolest 96th 1982 -3.11 -5.60
South America +1.37 +2.47 +0.14 +0.24 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.53 +2.75
Coolest 110th 1918 -0.85 -1.53
Europe +3.16 +5.69 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 2nd 2007 +3.32 +5.98
Coolest 110th 1942 -4.79 -8.62
Africa +0.62 +1.12 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 22nd 2010 +1.63 +2.93
Coolest 90th 1925 -1.73 -3.11
Asia +3.46 +6.23 +0.18 +0.33 Warmest 2nd 2007 +3.57 +6.43
Coolest 110th 1969 -3.28 -5.90
Oceania +1.61 +2.90 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 3rd 2019 +2.51 +4.52
Coolest 109th 1941 -1.38 -2.48

Regional Temperature Anomalies

January 2020
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2020) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +1.01 +1.82 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.19 +2.14
Coolest 110th 1910 -1.11 -2.00
Atlantic MDR +0.65 +1.17 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 13th 2011 +0.97 +1.75
Coolest 97th 1925 -0.86 -1.55
Ties: 2013, 2007
Gulf of Mexico +0.82 +1.48 +0.01 +0.02 Warmest 15th 1937 +1.50 +2.70
Coolest 97th 2011 -1.12 -2.02
Hawaiian Region +0.95 +1.71 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 2nd 1941 +1.05 +1.89
Coolest 110th 1922 -0.91 -1.64
East N Pacific +0.71 +1.28 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 12th 2016 +1.48 +2.66
Coolest 98th 1917 -1.30 -2.34
Ties: 1991, 1958

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for January 2020, published online February 2020, retrieved on February 29, 2020 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/202001.