Regional Analysis - November 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

November 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.84 +1.51 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 29th 2016 +3.57 +6.43
Coolest 82nd 1955 -2.31 -4.16
South America +1.64 +2.95 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.64 +2.95
Coolest 110th 1917 -0.89 -1.60
Europe +1.78 +3.20 +0.11 +0.19 Warmest 7th 2015 +2.46 +4.43
Coolest 104th 1993 -2.53 -4.55
Africa +1.63 +2.93 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.63 +2.93
Coolest 110th 1982 -0.74 -1.33
Asia +0.87 +1.57 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 26th 2013 +3.00 +5.40
Coolest 83rd 1952 -2.40 -4.32
Ties: 1938, 1924
Oceania +1.04 +1.87 +0.11 +0.19 Warmest 12th 2015 +1.86 +3.35
Coolest 99th 1916 -1.74 -3.13
January - November 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.84 +1.51 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 15th 2016 +2.07 +3.73
Coolest 96th 1917 -1.04 -1.87
South America +1.27 +2.29 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.44 +2.59
Coolest 109th 1917 -0.90 -1.62
Europe +1.75 +3.15 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 3rd 2018 +1.90 +3.42
Coolest 108th 1956 -1.14 -2.05
Africa +1.34 +2.41 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.48 +2.66
Coolest 108th 1918 -0.64 -1.15
Asia +1.62 +2.92 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 2nd 2007 +1.64 +2.95
Coolest 108th 1912 -0.87 -1.57
Ties: 2017
Oceania +1.27 +2.29 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 2nd 2013 +1.38 +2.48
Coolest 109th 1917 -0.92 -1.66
September - November 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.93 +1.67 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 14th 2016 +2.11 +3.80
Coolest 97th 1919 -1.22 -2.20
South America +1.43 +2.57 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 1st 2019, 2015 +1.43 +2.57
Coolest 109th 1924 -0.87 -1.57
Ties: 2015
Europe +1.64 +2.95 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 3rd 2006 +1.86 +3.35
Coolest 107th 1912 -1.85 -3.33
Ties: 2015
Africa +1.44 +2.59 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.49 +2.68
Coolest 109th 1964 -0.66 -1.19
Asia +1.32 +2.38 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 6th 2005 +1.84 +3.31
Coolest 104th 1912 -1.66 -2.99
Ties: 2018
Oceania +1.27 +2.29 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 5th 2015 +1.62 +2.92
Coolest 105th 1956 -1.06 -1.91
Ties: 2017

Regional Temperature Anomalies

November 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.82 +1.48 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.00 +1.80
Coolest 109th 1913 -0.72 -1.30
Atlantic MDR +0.64 +1.15 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 11th 2012 +0.90 +1.62
Coolest 99th 1916 -0.70 -1.26
Ties: 2003
Gulf of Mexico +0.75 +1.35 +0.04 +0.07 Warmest 14th 1944 +1.55 +2.79
Coolest 95th 1917 -1.31 -2.36
Ties: 1972, 1942
Hawaiian Region +1.68 +3.02 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.68 +3.02
Coolest 110th 1910 -0.93 -1.67
East N Pacific +0.68 +1.22 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 9th 2015 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 101st 1916 -1.31 -2.36
Ties: 1965
January - November 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.67 +1.21 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 7th 2016 +1.03 +1.85
Coolest 104th 1910 -0.87 -1.57
Atlantic MDR +0.50 +0.90 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 18th 2010 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 92nd 1913 -0.83 -1.49
Ties: 2007
Gulf of Mexico +0.78 +1.40 +0.05 +0.09 Warmest 3rd 2016 +0.85 +1.53
Coolest 108th 1910 -0.77 -1.39
Hawaiian Region +1.03 +1.85 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.10 +1.98
Coolest 109th 1933 -0.89 -1.60
East N Pacific +0.74 +1.33 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 8th 2015 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 103rd 1917 -1.05 -1.89
September - November 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 109 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.83 +1.49 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 4th 2015 +1.02 +1.84
Coolest 107th 1913 -0.79 -1.42
Atlantic MDR +0.78 +1.40 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 8th 2015 +0.98 +1.76
Coolest 102nd 1913 -0.77 -1.39
Ties: 2003
Gulf of Mexico +0.93 +1.67 +0.05 +0.08 Warmest 4th 1944 +1.09 +1.96
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.02 -1.84
Hawaiian Region +1.45 +2.61 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 110th 1933 -1.05 -1.89
East N Pacific +0.65 +1.17 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 10th 2015 +1.51 +2.72
Coolest 100th 1916 -1.36 -2.45
Ties: 2006

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for November 2019, published online December 2019, retrieved on January 17, 2020 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201911.