Regional Analysis - October 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

October 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.23 +0.41 +0.06 +0.10 Warmest 47th 1963 +2.16 +3.89
Coolest 64th 1925 -1.97 -3.55
South America +1.17 +2.11 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 7th 2014 +1.72 +3.10
Coolest 104th 1924 -0.81 -1.46
Europe +1.91 +3.44 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 3rd 2001 +2.11 +3.80
Coolest 108th 1912 -2.03 -3.65
Africa +1.57 +2.83 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 3rd 2015 +1.97 +3.55
Coolest 108th 1964 -0.65 -1.17
Asia +1.76 +3.17 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 4th 2008 +1.91 +3.44
Coolest 107th 1912 -2.35 -4.23
Oceania +1.91 +3.44 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 3rd 2015 +2.62 +4.72
Coolest 108th 1910 -1.16 -2.09
January - October 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.84 +1.51 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 15th 2016 +1.92 +3.46
Coolest 95th 1917 -1.24 -2.23
Ties: 2018
South America +1.24 +2.23 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 3rd 2015 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 108th 1917 -0.87 -1.57
Europe +1.75 +3.15 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 3rd 2018 +1.95 +3.51
Coolest 108th 1940 -1.14 -2.05
Africa +1.34 +2.41 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.52 +2.74
Coolest 108th 1918 -0.70 -1.26
Asia +1.68 +3.02 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.77 +3.19
Coolest 109th 1969 -1.01 -1.82
Oceania +1.32 +2.38 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 2nd 2013 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 109th 1917 -0.90 -1.62

Regional Temperature Anomalies

October 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.93 +1.67 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 3rd 2016 +1.05 +1.89
Coolest 108th 1913 -0.81 -1.46
Atlantic MDR +0.87 +1.57 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 6th 2015 +1.08 +1.94
Coolest 105th 1917 -0.81 -1.46
Gulf of Mexico +1.04 +1.87 +0.04 +0.06 Warmest 4th 1941 +1.29 +2.32
Coolest 107th 1917 -0.99 -1.78
Hawaiian Region +1.27 +2.29 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 2nd 1968 +1.30 +2.34
Coolest 108th 1933 -1.09 -1.96
Ties: 2015
East N Pacific +0.57 +1.03 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 15th 2015 +1.72 +3.10
Coolest 95th 1916 -1.30 -2.34
Ties: 1983
January - October 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.66 +1.19 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 7th 2016 +1.06 +1.91
Coolest 104th 1910 -0.89 -1.60
Atlantic MDR +0.49 +0.88 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 20th 2010 +1.27 +2.29
Coolest 90th 1913 -0.84 -1.51
Ties: 2008
Gulf of Mexico +0.78 +1.40 +0.05 +0.09 Warmest 4th 2016 +0.84 +1.51
Coolest 107th 1910 -0.76 -1.37
Hawaiian Region +0.96 +1.73 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.10 +1.98
Coolest 109th 1933 -0.93 -1.67
East N Pacific +0.75 +1.35 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 7th 2015 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 104th 1917 -1.10 -1.98

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for October 2019, published online November 2019, retrieved on December 11, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201910.