Regional Analysis - July 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

July 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.00 +1.80 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 10th 2012 +1.74 +3.13
Coolest 101st 1912 -1.17 -2.11
South America +1.08 +1.94 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 11th 2015 +1.70 +3.06
Coolest 100th 1916 -1.16 -2.09
Europe +1.35 +2.43 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 13th 2018 +2.48 +4.46
Coolest 98th 1913 -1.28 -2.30
Africa +1.65 +2.97 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.65 +2.97
Coolest 110th 1964 -0.70 -1.26
Asia +1.04 +1.87 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 8th 2010 +1.38 +2.48
Coolest 103rd 1912 -0.61 -1.10
Oceania +1.44 +2.59 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 5th 1973 +1.75 +3.15
Coolest 106th 1929 -1.56 -2.81
January - July 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.80 +1.44 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 20th 2016 +2.16 +3.89
Coolest 91st 1917 -1.38 -2.48
South America +1.27 +2.29 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.37 +2.47
Coolest 109th 1917 -1.00 -1.80
Europe +1.79 +3.22 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 5th 2014 +1.98 +3.56
Coolest 106th 1929 -1.77 -3.19
Africa +1.32 +2.38 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.68 +3.02
Coolest 108th 1918 -0.90 -1.62
Asia +1.84 +3.31 +0.18 +0.33 Warmest 5th 2016 +2.08 +3.74
Coolest 106th 1969 -1.29 -2.32
Oceania +1.44 +2.59 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.65 +2.97
Coolest 109th 1917 -1.11 -2.00

Regional Temperature Anomalies

July 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.81 +1.46 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 7th 2016 +1.14 +2.05
Coolest 104th 1913, 1910 -0.88 -1.58
Atlantic MDR +0.56 +1.01 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 17th 2010 +1.42 +2.56
Coolest 94th 1910 -0.85 -1.53
Gulf of Mexico +1.00 +1.80 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.35 +2.43
Coolest 109th 1910 -1.05 -1.89
Hawaiian Region +1.26 +2.27 +0.06 +0.12 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.34 +2.41
Coolest 109th 1933 -1.24 -2.23
East N Pacific +0.73 +1.31 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 11th 2015 +1.39 +2.50
Coolest 100th 1916 -1.13 -2.03
January - July 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.61 +1.10 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 8th 2016 +1.04 +1.87
Coolest 102nd 1910 -0.99 -1.78
Ties: 2014
Atlantic MDR +0.37 +0.67 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 31st 2010 +1.36 +2.45
Coolest 80th 1913 -0.85 -1.53
Gulf of Mexico +0.70 +1.26 +0.04 +0.08 Warmest 9th 1943 +0.87 +1.57
Coolest 102nd 1931 -0.98 -1.76
Hawaiian Region +0.81 +1.46 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 5th 2016 +0.96 +1.73
Coolest 106th 1910 -1.01 -1.82
East N Pacific +0.78 +1.40 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 7th 2015 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 104th 1917 -1.27 -2.29

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for July 2019, published online August 2019, retrieved on September 17, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201907.