Regional Analysis - May 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

May 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.40 +0.72 +0.11 +0.19 Warmest 37th 1998 +1.88 +3.38
Coolest 74th 1917 -1.95 -3.51
South America +1.13 +2.03 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 3rd 2015 +1.21 +2.18
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.43 -2.57
Ties: 2002
Europe +0.56 +1.01 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 40th 2018 +2.91 +5.24
Coolest 71st 1941 -1.79 -3.22
Africa +1.58 +2.84 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 2nd 2015 +1.59 +2.86
Coolest 109th 1911 -1.01 -1.82
Asia +1.29 +2.32 +0.16 +0.28 Warmest 8th 2012 +1.83 +3.29
Coolest 103rd 1960 -1.01 -1.82
Oceania +0.87 +1.57 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 21st 2016 +2.08 +3.74
Coolest 89th 1913 -1.99 -3.58
Ties: 1993
January - May 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.78 +1.40 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 23rd 2016 +2.44 +4.39
Coolest 86th 1917 -1.71 -3.08
Ties: 1995, 1990
South America +1.07 +1.93 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 4th 2016 +1.22 +2.20
Coolest 106th 1917 -0.92 -1.66
Ties: 2010
Europe +1.65 +2.97 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 10th 2014 +2.23 +4.01
Coolest 101st 1929 -2.21 -3.98
Africa +1.18 +2.12 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.86 +3.35
Coolest 108th 1918 -1.10 -1.98
Asia +2.10 +3.78 +0.21 +0.37 Warmest 6th 2016 +2.37 +4.27
Coolest 105th 1969 -1.73 -3.11
Oceania +1.58 +2.84 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.71 +3.08
Coolest 109th 1917 -1.41 -2.54
March - May 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.07 +1.93 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 15th 2012 +2.09 +3.76
Coolest 96th 1917 -1.47 -2.65
South America +1.06 +1.91 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 4th 2015 +1.19 +2.14
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.02 -1.84
Europe +1.48 +2.66 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 9th 2014 +2.07 +3.73
Coolest 102nd 1917 -1.44 -2.59
Africa +1.39 +2.50 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.73 +3.11
Coolest 108th 1918 -1.05 -1.89
Asia +2.09 +3.76 +0.21 +0.38 Warmest 3rd 2016 +2.44 +4.39
Coolest 108th 1960, 1937 -0.96 -1.73
Oceania +1.37 +2.47 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 4th 2016 +2.05 +3.69
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.30 -2.34

Regional Temperature Anomalies

May 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.35 +0.63 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 31st 2016 +1.06 +1.91
Coolest 80th 1910 -1.07 -1.93
Atlantic MDR +0.22 +0.40 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 45th 2010 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 65th 1913 -0.91 -1.64
Ties: 1982
Gulf of Mexico +0.59 +1.06 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 17th 1943 +1.24 +2.23
Coolest 93rd 1917 -1.47 -2.65
Ties: 1949
Hawaiian Region +1.13 +2.03 +0.06 +0.11 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.13 +2.03
Coolest 110th 1933 -0.95 -1.71
East N Pacific +0.71 +1.28 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 13th 2015 +1.58 +2.84
Coolest 98th 1917 -1.65 -2.97
January - May 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.53 +0.95 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 12th 2016 +1.03 +1.85
Coolest 97th 1910 -1.03 -1.85
Ties: 2013, 1941
Atlantic MDR +0.28 +0.50 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 40th 2010 +1.34 +2.41
Coolest 69th 1923 -0.87 -1.57
Ties: 2014, 1944
Gulf of Mexico +0.52 +0.94 +0.03 +0.05 Warmest 19th 1949 +1.00 +1.80
Coolest 91st 1931 -1.18 -2.12
Ties: 1975
Hawaiian Region +0.60 +1.08 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 14th 2017 +0.95 +1.71
Coolest 96th 1910 -1.02 -1.84
Ties: 1947
East N Pacific +0.82 +1.48 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 9th 2015 +1.44 +2.59
Coolest 102nd 1917 -1.35 -2.43
March - May 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.45 +0.81 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 18th 2016 +1.01 +1.82
Coolest 93rd 1910 -1.00 -1.80
Atlantic MDR +0.24 +0.43 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 43rd 2010 +1.51 +2.72
Coolest 67th 1913 -0.91 -1.64
Ties: 2014
Gulf of Mexico +0.47 +0.85 +0.04 +0.07 Warmest 29th 2012 +1.15 +2.07
Coolest 82nd 1931 -1.48 -2.66
Hawaiian Region +0.72 +1.30 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 9th 2017 +1.12 +2.02
Coolest 102nd 1910 -0.94 -1.69
East N Pacific +0.81 +1.46 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 10th 2015 +1.57 +2.83
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.36 -2.45

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for May 2019, published online June 2019, retrieved on July 21, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201905.