Regional Analysis - April 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

April 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.08 +1.94 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 20th 2010 +2.65 +4.77
Coolest 91st 1920 -2.46 -4.43
South America +1.28 +2.30 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 5th 2018 +1.42 +2.56
Coolest 106th 1938 -0.85 -1.53
Europe +1.88 +3.38 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 5th 2018 +2.87 +5.17
Coolest 106th 1929 -2.47 -4.45
Africa +1.05 +1.89 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 6th 2016 +1.60 +2.88
Coolest 105th 1965, 1939 -0.77 -1.39
Asia +1.86 +3.35 +0.19 +0.34 Warmest 9th 2016 +2.43 +4.37
Coolest 102nd 1934 -1.42 -2.56
Oceania +1.25 +2.25 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 7th 2005 +2.37 +4.27
Coolest 103rd 1924 -1.50 -2.70
Ties: 1993
January - April 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.81 +1.46 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 27th 2016 +2.68 +4.82
Coolest 84th 1936 -1.87 -3.37
South America +1.11 +2.00 +0.15 +0.28 Warmest 6th 2016 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 105th 1917 -0.73 -1.31
Europe +1.96 +3.53 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 5th 2014 +2.45 +4.41
Coolest 106th 1929 -2.88 -5.18
Africa +0.80 +1.44 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 9th 2010 +1.59 +2.86
Coolest 99th 1976, 1911 -0.56 -1.01
Ties: 2009, 2007, 2003
Asia +2.15 +3.87 +0.20 +0.36 Warmest 6th 2002 +2.72 +4.90
Coolest 105th 1969 -2.11 -3.80
Oceania +1.53 +2.75 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.53 +2.75
Coolest 110th 1917 -1.36 -2.45

Regional Temperature Anomalies

April 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.47 +0.85 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 21st 2016 +0.91 +1.64
Coolest 88th 1910 -1.00 -1.80
Ties: 1999, 1978
Atlantic MDR +0.32 +0.58 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 35th 2010 +1.56 +2.81
Coolest 73rd 1923 -1.03 -1.85
Ties: 2015, 2014, 2002
Gulf of Mexico +0.28 +0.50 +0.04 +0.08 Warmest 42nd 2015 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 69th 1931 -1.45 -2.61
Hawaiian Region +0.77 +1.39 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 10th 2017 +1.30 +2.34
Coolest 101st 1910 -2.20 -3.96
East N Pacific +0.77 +1.39 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 12th 2015 +1.60 +2.88
Coolest 99th 1917 -1.47 -2.65
January - April 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.58 +1.04 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 10th 2016 +0.89 +1.60
Coolest 101st 1910 -0.94 -1.69
Atlantic MDR +0.37 +0.67 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 31st 2010 +1.31 +2.36
Coolest 80th 1923 -0.90 -1.62
Gulf of Mexico +0.52 +0.94 +0.02 +0.04 Warmest 20th 2017 +1.19 +2.14
Coolest 88th 1931 -1.04 -1.87
Ties: 2006, 2000, 1934
Hawaiian Region +0.54 +0.97 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 20th 2017 +1.02 +1.84
Coolest 91st 1910 -1.46 -2.63
East N Pacific +0.78 +1.40 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 10th 2016 +1.33 +2.39
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.31 -2.36

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for April 2019, published online May 2019, retrieved on August 25, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201904.