Regional Analysis - March 2019


Continental Temperature Anomalies

March 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.53 +2.75 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 19th 2016 +3.02 +5.44
Coolest 92nd 1923 -2.75 -4.95
South America +0.83 +1.49 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 17th 2010 +1.64 +2.95
Coolest 94th 1910 -0.99 -1.78
Europe +2.28 +4.10 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 6th 2014 +3.05 +5.49
Coolest 105th 1987 -2.95 -5.31
Africa +1.03 +1.85 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 9th 2010 +1.63 +2.93
Coolest 102nd 1948, 1939 -0.74 -1.33
Asia +3.03 +5.45 +0.26 +0.47 Warmest 4th 2008 +4.21 +7.58
Coolest 107th 1911 -1.78 -3.20
Oceania +1.76 +3.17 +0.11 +0.19 Warmest 2nd 2016 +1.86 +3.35
Coolest 109th 1918 -1.40 -2.52
January - March 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.67 +1.21 +0.17 +0.31 Warmest 38th 2016 +3.11 +5.60
Coolest 73rd 1936 -2.18 -3.92
South America +1.05 +1.89 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 6th 2016 +1.50 +2.70
Coolest 104th 1911 -0.73 -1.31
Ties: 2003
Europe +2.03 +3.65 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 7th 1990 +2.61 +4.70
Coolest 104th 1942 -3.12 -5.62
Africa +0.81 +1.46 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 10th 2010 +1.65 +2.97
Coolest 100th 1934 -0.71 -1.28
Ties: 2014
Asia +2.25 +4.05 +0.20 +0.36 Warmest 6th 2002 +3.39 +6.10
Coolest 105th 1969 -2.68 -4.82
Oceania +1.68 +3.02 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.68 +3.02
Coolest 110th 1917 -1.43 -2.57

Regional Temperature Anomalies

March 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 108 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.62 +1.12 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 9th 2016 +0.85 +1.53
Coolest 102nd 1910 -0.91 -1.64
Atlantic MDR +0.34 +0.61 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 35th 2010 +1.53 +2.75
Coolest 75th 1923 -0.88 -1.58
Ties: 1964
Gulf of Mexico +0.56 +1.01 +0.03 +0.05 Warmest 24th 2018 +1.31 +2.36
Coolest 83rd 1931 -1.44 -2.59
Ties: 2016, 2003, 1943, 1935
Hawaiian Region +0.38 +0.68 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 28th 2017 +1.12 +2.02
Coolest 83rd 1910 -1.24 -2.23
East N Pacific +0.79 +1.42 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 10th 2015 +1.28 +2.30
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.16 -2.09
January - March 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 108 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.63 +1.13 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 9th 2016, 2015 +0.90 +1.62
Coolest 102nd 1910 -0.93 -1.67
Atlantic MDR +0.39 +0.70 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 27th 2010 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 81st 1923 -0.86 -1.55
Ties: 2003, 1979, 1945
Gulf of Mexico +0.58 +1.04 +0.02 +0.03 Warmest 17th 2017 +1.18 +2.12
Coolest 93rd 2010 -0.91 -1.64
Ties: 1982
Hawaiian Region +0.45 +0.81 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 24th 2017 +0.93 +1.67
Coolest 84th 1910 -1.19 -2.14
Ties: 2006, 1982, 1940
East N Pacific +0.79 +1.42 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 7th 2016 +1.34 +2.41
Coolest 102nd 1917 -1.26 -2.27
Ties: 2017, 2014

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for March 2019, published online April 2019, retrieved on May 25, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201903.