Regional Analysis - February 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

February 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America -0.74 -1.33 +0.17 +0.30 Warmest 82nd 1998 +3.51 +6.32
Coolest 29th 1936 -5.34 -9.61
South America +1.20 +2.16 +0.15 +0.28 Warmest 4th 2016 +1.61 +2.90
Coolest 107th 1918 -0.92 -1.66
Europe +2.90 +5.22 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 6th 1990 +3.91 +7.04
Coolest 105th 1929 -5.26 -9.47
Africa +0.69 +1.24 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 19th 2010 +1.91 +3.44
Coolest 91st 1949 -0.80 -1.44
Ties: 1926
Asia +1.57 +2.83 +0.19 +0.35 Warmest 17th 2002 +3.79 +6.82
Coolest 93rd 1969 -4.01 -7.22
Ties: 1914
Oceania +1.12 +2.02 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 8th 1983 +1.93 +3.47
Coolest 102nd 1917 -2.19 -3.94
Ties: 2018
January - February 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.23 +0.41 +0.18 +0.32 Warmest 54th 2016 +3.16 +5.69
Coolest 56th 1936 -3.55 -6.39
Ties: 1938
South America +1.16 +2.09 +0.16 +0.28 Warmest 5th 2016 +1.60 +2.88
Coolest 106th 1918 -0.80 -1.44
Europe +1.88 +3.38 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 12th 1990 +2.56 +4.61
Coolest 99th 1929 -3.72 -6.70
Africa +0.77 +1.39 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 10th 2010 +1.68 +3.02
Coolest 99th 1934 -0.78 -1.40
Ties: 2017, 2006
Asia +1.87 +3.37 +0.17 +0.31 Warmest 9th 2002 +3.40 +6.12
Coolest 102nd 1969 -3.75 -6.75
Oceania +1.80 +3.24 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.80 +3.24
Coolest 110th 1917 -1.53 -2.75
December 2018 - February 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.92 +1.66 +0.17 +0.30 Warmest 30th 2016 +3.13 +5.63
Coolest 81st 1918 -2.55 -4.59
South America +1.07 +1.93 +0.15 +0.28 Warmest 6th 2016 +1.56 +2.81
Coolest 105th 1923 -0.79 -1.42
Europe +1.78 +3.20 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 7th 2016, 2007 +2.31 +4.16
Coolest 102nd 1942 -2.91 -5.24
Ties: 2001, 1995
Africa +0.83 +1.49 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 11th 2010 +1.55 +2.79
Coolest 100th 1934 -0.67 -1.21
Asia +1.43 +2.57 +0.18 +0.32 Warmest 13th 2015, 2002 +2.36 +4.25
Coolest 98th 1969 -2.90 -5.22
Oceania +1.82 +3.28 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 1st 2019 +1.82 +3.28
Coolest 110th 1917 -1.32 -2.38

Regional Temperature Anomalies

February 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.74 +1.33 +0.09 +0.15 Warmest 6th 2015 +0.93 +1.67
Coolest 105th 1910 -0.92 -1.66
Atlantic MDR +0.53 +0.95 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 19th 2010 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 92nd 1923 -0.89 -1.60
Gulf of Mexico +0.70 +1.26 +0.01 +0.01 Warmest 13th 1932 +1.53 +2.75
Coolest 98th 1912 -1.37 -2.47
Hawaiian Region +0.28 +0.50 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 36th 2018, 2014 +0.87 +1.57
Coolest 75th 1910 -1.31 -2.36
East N Pacific +0.73 +1.31 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 9th 2016 +1.35 +2.43
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.38 -2.48
Ties: 1958
January - February 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.64 +1.15 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 9th 2015 +0.93 +1.67
Coolest 100th 1910 -0.91 -1.64
Ties: 2010, 1942
Atlantic MDR +0.43 +0.77 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 26th 2010 +1.08 +1.94
Coolest 85th 1923 -0.85 -1.53
Gulf of Mexico +0.54 +0.97 +0.01 +0.02 Warmest 20th 1932 +1.31 +2.36
Coolest 91st 1964 -0.99 -1.78
Hawaiian Region +0.49 +0.88 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 20th 2017 +0.83 +1.49
Coolest 90th 1910 -1.17 -2.11
Ties: 1980
East N Pacific +0.76 +1.37 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 10th 2016 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.31 -2.36
December 2018 - February 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.61 +1.10 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 10th 2016 +0.91 +1.64
Coolest 101st 1910 -0.89 -1.60
Atlantic MDR +0.40 +0.72 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 26th 2010 +0.98 +1.76
Coolest 85th 1925 -0.79 -1.42
Gulf of Mexico +0.48 +0.86 +0.02 +0.03 Warmest 21st 2017 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 90th 1964 -0.88 -1.58
Hawaiian Region +0.61 +1.10 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 11th 1941 +0.86 +1.55
Coolest 99th 1912 -1.11 -2.00
Ties: 2015
East N Pacific +0.72 +1.30 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 12th 2016 +1.48 +2.66
Coolest 99th 1917 -1.45 -2.61

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for February 2019, published online March 2019, retrieved on July 15, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201902.