Regional Analysis - January 2019

Continental Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

January 2019
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.23 +2.21 +0.19 +0.35 Warmest 32nd 2006 +3.88 +6.98
Coolest 79th 1982 -3.09 -5.56
South America +1.08 +1.94 +0.16 +0.28 Warmest 5th 2016 +1.53 +2.75
Coolest 106th 1923 -0.87 -1.57
Europe +0.89 +1.60 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 39th 2007 +3.17 +5.71
Coolest 71st 1942 -4.50 -8.10
Ties: 1915
Africa +0.81 +1.46 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 8th 2010 +1.43 +2.57
Coolest 102nd 1925 -1.17 -2.11
Ties: 1985
Asia +2.23 +4.01 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 5th 2007 +3.38 +6.08
Coolest 106th 1969 -3.49 -6.28
Oceania +2.56 +4.61 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 1st 2019 +2.56 +4.61
Coolest 110th 1941 -1.58 -2.84

Regional Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

January 2019
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2019) Rank
(out of 110 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.51 +0.92 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 13th 2016 +1.04 +1.87
Coolest 98th 1910 -0.94 -1.69
Atlantic MDR +0.32 +0.58 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 35th 2011 +1.03 +1.85
Coolest 74th 1925 -0.83 -1.49
Ties: 1984, 1979
Gulf of Mexico +0.33 +0.59 +0.01 +0.02 Warmest 29th 1937 +1.49 +2.68
Coolest 80th 1964 -0.99 -1.78
Ties: 2015, 1975
Hawaiian Region +0.74 +1.33 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 5th 1996 +0.89 +1.60
Coolest 106th 1910 -1.03 -1.85
East N Pacific +0.75 +1.35 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 12th 2016 +1.57 +2.83
Coolest 99th 1917 -1.23 -2.21

Background

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 2

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for January 2019, published online February 2019, retrieved on August 6, 2020 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201901.