Regional Analysis - Annual 2016


Continental Temperature Anomalies

January - December 2016
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2016) Rank
(out of 107 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.86 +3.35 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +1.86 +3.35
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1917 -1.23 -2.21
South America +1.08 +1.94 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2015 +1.27 +2.29
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1911 -0.69 -1.24
Europe +1.39 +2.50 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 3ʳᵈ 2014 +1.72 +3.10
Coolest 105ᵗʰ 1956 -1.08 -1.94
Africa +1.28 +2.30 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2010 +1.31 +2.36
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1911 -0.39 -0.70
Asia +1.47 +2.65 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 3ʳᵈ 2015 +1.61 +2.90
Coolest 105ᵗʰ 1969, 1912 -0.84 -1.51
Oceania +1.06 +1.91 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 5ᵗʰ 2013 +1.36 +2.45
Coolest 103ʳᵈ 1917 -0.84 -1.51

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for Annual 2016, published online January 2017, retrieved on October 18, 2017 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201613.