Regional Analysis - April 2016


Continental Temperature Anomalies

April 2016
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2016) Rank
(out of 107 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.25 +2.25 +0.11 +0.21 Warmest 9ᵗʰ 2010 +2.60 +4.68
Coolest 99ᵗʰ 1920 -2.46 -4.43
South America +1.45 +2.61 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1951 -0.83 -1.49
Europe +1.67 +3.01 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 4ᵗʰ 2011 +2.10 +3.78
Coolest 104ᵗʰ 1929 -2.47 -4.45
Africa +1.83 +3.29 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +1.83 +3.29
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1939 -0.81 -1.46
Asia +2.40 +4.32 +0.18 +0.32 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +2.40 +4.32
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1934 -1.43 -2.57
Oceania +2.02 +3.64 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2005 +2.45 +4.41
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1924 -1.52 -2.74
January - April 2016
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2016) Rank
(out of 107 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +2.63 +4.73 +0.16 +0.28 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +2.63 +4.73
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1936 -1.89 -3.40
South America +1.45 +2.61 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1910 -0.64 -1.15
Europe +1.90 +3.42 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 5ᵗʰ 2014 +2.46 +4.43
Coolest 103ʳᵈ 1929 -2.88 -5.18
Africa +1.56 +2.81 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2010 +1.64 +2.95
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1976 -0.58 -1.04
Asia +2.43 +4.37 +0.19 +0.33 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2002 +2.71 +4.88
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1969 -2.12 -3.82
Oceania +1.47 +2.65 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1917 -1.35 -2.43

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for April 2016, published online May 2016, retrieved on November 20, 2017 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201604/.