Regional Analysis - January 2016


Continental Temperature Anomalies

January 2016
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2016) Rank
(out of 107 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +3.22 +5.80 +0.18 +0.32 Warmest 3ʳᵈ 2006 +3.76 +6.77
Coolest 105ᵗʰ 1982 -3.11 -5.60
South America +1.51 +2.72 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2016 +1.51 +2.72
Coolest 107ᵗʰ 1923 -0.79 -1.42
Europe +0.52 +0.94 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 48ᵗʰ 2007 +3.17 +5.71
Coolest 60ᵗʰ 1942 -4.50 -8.10
Africa +1.27 +2.29 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2010 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1925 -1.19 -2.14
Asia +1.01 +1.82 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 24ᵗʰ 2007 +3.41 +6.14
Coolest 84ᵗʰ 1969 -3.51 -6.32
Oceania +0.91 +1.64 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 14ᵗʰ 2013 +1.54 +2.77
Coolest 94ᵗʰ 1941 -1.62 -2.92

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for January 2016, published online February 2016, retrieved on November 20, 2017 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201601.