Regional Analysis - October 2015


Continental Temperature Anomalies

October 2015
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2015) Rank
(out of 106 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.52 +2.74 +0.05 +0.09 Warmest 6th 1963 +2.14 +3.85
Coolest 101st 1919 -1.92 -3.46
South America +1.00 +1.80 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 8th 2014 +1.48 +2.66
Coolest 99th 1922 -0.81 -1.46
Europe +0.56 +1.01 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 33rd 2006 +1.94 +3.49
Coolest 74th 1912 -1.99 -3.58
Africa +1.53 +2.75 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 1st 2015 +1.53 +2.75
Coolest 106th 1910 -0.68 -1.22
Asia +0.95 +1.71 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 14th 2011 +1.75 +3.15
Coolest 93rd 1912 -2.21 -3.98
Oceania +2.70 +4.86 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 1st 2015 +2.70 +4.86
Coolest 106th 1910 -1.15 -2.07
January - October 2015
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2015) Rank
(out of 106 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.07 +1.93 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 6th 2012 +1.71 +3.08
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.21 -2.18
South America +1.22 +2.20 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 1st 2015 +1.22 +2.20
Coolest 106th 1911 -0.59 -1.06
Europe +1.45 +2.61 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 3rd 2014 +1.70 +3.06
Coolest 104th 1929 -1.10 -1.98
Africa +1.06 +1.91 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 2nd 2010 +1.32 +2.38
Coolest 105th 1911 -0.45 -0.81
Asia +1.57 +2.83 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 1st 2015 +1.57 +2.83
Coolest 106th 1969 -1.09 -1.96
Oceania +0.84 +1.51 +0.11 +0.20 Warmest 8th 2013 +1.40 +2.52
Coolest 99th 1917 -0.85 -1.53

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1 Regions 1

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for October 2015, published online November 2015, retrieved on May 25, 2019 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201510.