Regional Analysis - July 2015


Continental Temperature Anomalies

July 2015
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2015) Rank
(out of 106 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.53 +0.95 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 16ᵗʰ 2012 +1.79 +3.22
Coolest 90ᵗʰ 1992 -1.03 -1.85
Ties: 1941
South America +1.43 +2.57 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 5ᵗʰ 1997 +1.64 +2.95
Coolest 102ⁿᵈ 1923 -1.05 -1.89
Europe +1.53 +2.75 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 6ᵗʰ 2010 +2.33 +4.19
Coolest 101ˢᵗ 1913 -1.25 -2.25
Africa +1.20 +2.16 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2002 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 105ᵗʰ 1954 -0.67 -1.21
Asia +0.70 +1.26 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 10ᵗʰ 2010 +1.25 +2.25
Coolest 97ᵗʰ 1912 -0.66 -1.19
Oceania +0.57 +1.03 +0.11 +0.19 Warmest 26ᵗʰ 1975 +1.68 +3.02
Coolest 81ˢᵗ 1929 -1.49 -2.68
January - July 2015
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2015) Rank
(out of 106 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.01 +1.82 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 11ᵗʰ 2012 +2.06 +3.71
Coolest 96ᵗʰ 1917 -1.37 -2.47
South America +1.25 +2.25 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 1ˢᵗ 2015 +1.25 +2.25
Coolest 106ᵗʰ 1910 -0.90 -1.62
Europe +1.48 +2.66 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 5ᵗʰ 2014 +1.91 +3.44
Coolest 102ⁿᵈ 1929 -1.76 -3.17
Africa +0.95 +1.71 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 4ᵗʰ 2010 +1.45 +2.61
Coolest 101ˢᵗ 1976, 1911 -0.50 -0.90
Ties: 2014, 2005
Asia +1.86 +3.35 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 2ⁿᵈ 2002 +1.93 +3.47
Coolest 105ᵗʰ 1969 -1.40 -2.52
Oceania +0.63 +1.13 +0.11 +0.19 Warmest 18ᵗʰ 2005 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 89ᵗʰ 1917 -1.06 -1.91

Background Information

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Regional Analysis for July 2015, published online August 2015, retrieved on November 19, 2017 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global-regions/201507.