NOAA NCDC National Climatic Data Center
NOAA Paleoclimatology Program, NCDC Paleoclimatology Branch  
Paleoclimatology Navigation Bar Bookmark and Share
NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA National Climatic Data Center U.S. Department of Commerce Paleo Home Data Paleo Projects Paleo Perspectives Education and Outreach About Paleo Program Site Map GW Home Story Data End Site Map Global Warming Spanish Page Contact NOAA Paleo

Global Temperatures of the Last Six Centuries


P.D. Jones, K.R. Briffa, T.P. Barnett, S.F.B. Tett

Complete Scientific Reference


An international team of scientists has used temperature-sensitive paleoclimatic data from 17 sites around the world to generate thousand-year long records of temperature for both the northern and southern hemispheres. An important aspect of this study is that multiple "proxy" sources of temperature information were used (tree-rings, ice-cores, corals and historical documents) to create records.

This "multi-proxy" approach allowed the research team to make sure their results are not biased by any one proxy source. However, the number of proxy records used to generate the hemispheric temperature records decreases with time (for example, in the northern hemisphere, there are ten records that go back to the 18th century, but only four that go back before 1400 AD). Consequently, results prior to about 600 years ago should be considered with more caution than temperature reconstructions after that time.

The Jones et al. temperature reconstructions agree with all of the other state-of-the-art temperature reconstructions published in the last couple of years: the 20th century is the warmest of at least the last 600 years.
Jones et al., graph
For larger viewing version of graph, please click here or on the graph.

Link to Jones Data and FTP information...

On to the next study... "Mann et al., 1998."
Back to... "Paleo Data of the Last 2000 Years"

Dividing Line
Privacy Policy information Open Access Climate Data Policy link USA logo Disclaimer information
Dividing Line
Downloaded Friday, 09-Dec-2016 12:21:22 EST
Last Updated Wednesday, 20-Aug-2008 11:23:45 EDT by
Please see the Paleoclimatology Contact Page or the NCDC Contact Page if you have questions or comments.