Hurricanes & Tropical Storms - October 2012


NCDC transitioned to the nClimDiv dataset on Thursday, March 13, 2014. This was coincident with the release of the February 2014 monthly monitoring report. For details on this transition, please visit our public FTP site and our U.S. Climate Divisional Database site.


Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones and places each basin's tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

West North Pacific Basin

Maliksi
Tropical Storm Maliksi Satellite Image
Maliksi Track
Tropical Storm Maliksi Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Maliksi
Cyclogenesis Date 10/01
Cyclolysis Date 10/05
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 52 mph (45 kt or 83 km/h)
Min Pressure 985 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 2.7500 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Gaemi
Tropical Storm Gaemi Satellite Image
Gaemi Track
Tropical Storm Gaemi Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Gaemi(Marce)
Cyclogenesis Date 10/01
Cyclolysis Date 10/06
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 63 mph (55 kt or 102 km/h)
Min Pressure 990 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 3.4500 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Prapiroon
Tropical Storm Prapiroon Satellite Image
Prapiroon Track
Tropical Storm Prapiroon Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Prapiroon(Nina)
Cyclogenesis Date 10/07
Cyclolysis Date 10/19
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 3
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 115 mph (100 kt or 185 km/h)
Min Pressure 940 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 22.5750 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Maria
Tropical Storm Maria Satellite Image
Maria Track
Tropical Storm Maria Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Maria
Cyclogenesis Date 10/07
Cyclolysis Date 10/20
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 63 mph (55 kt or 102 km/h)
Min Pressure 990 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 3.9675 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Ofel
Tropical Storm Ofel Satellite Image
Ofel Track
Tropical Storm Ofel Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Ofel(Son-Tinh)
Cyclogenesis Date 10/24
Cyclolysis Date 10/29
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 3
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 127 mph (110 kt or 204 km/h)
Min Pressure 945 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 9.9150 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/24 - Philippines (35 kt or 65 km/h)
10/28 - Vietnam (75 kt or 139 km/h)
Deaths 39
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Atlantic Basin

Oscar
Tropical Storm Oscar Satellite Image


Oscar Track
Tropical Storm Oscar Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Oscar
Cyclogenesis Date 10/04
Cyclolysis Date 10/05
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 52 mph (45 kt or 83 km/h)
Min Pressure 997 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) .9700 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Patty
Tropical Storm Patty Satellite Image


Patty Track
Tropical Storm Patty Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Patty
Cyclogenesis Date 10/11
Cyclolysis Date 10/12
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 46 mph (40 kt or 74 km/h)
Min Pressure 1005 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) .6500 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Rafael
Tropical Storm Rafael Satellite Image


Rafael Track
Tropical Storm Rafael Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Rafael
Cyclogenesis Date 10/13
Cyclolysis Date 10/17
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 1
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 86 mph (75 kt or 139 km/h)
Min Pressure 969 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 6.9975 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
Deaths 1
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Sandy
Tropical Storm Sandy Satellite Image


Sandy Track
Tropical Storm Sandy Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Sandy
Cyclogenesis Date 10/23
Cyclolysis Date 10/30
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 2
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 105 mph (95 kt or 176 km/h)
Min Pressure 940 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 14.2150 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/24 - Jamaica (70 kt or 130 km/h)
10/25 - Cuba (95 kt or 176 km/h)
10/29 - coastal New Jersey (80 kt or 148 km/h)
Deaths 165
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

The tropical storm which would develop into Hurricane Sandy formed in the Caribbean Sea, just south of Jamaica on October 22nd. Sandy moved northward, strengthening into a category 1 hurricane before making landfall along Jamaica’s southern coast. Hurricane Sandy continued its northward track across Cuba and the Bahamas through the 25th when the storm’s intensity peaked at Category 2 strength, with sustained winds of 105 miles per hour. Sandy moved parallel to the Eastern Seaboard of the U.S. where it weakened to Category 1 strength. On October 28th, tropical storm force winds reached the North Carolina coast. On the 29th, an upper level trough positioned over the eastern U.S. became negatively tilted (oriented from Northwest to Southeast), steering the storm directly towards the New Jersey Coast, an unusual tropical cyclone track. Warmer-than-average sea surface temperatures (3-5°F above average) allowed Sandy to retain tropical characteristics much farther north than what is typical this late in the North Atlantic Hurricane Season. Hours before landfall, Sandy began to lose tropical characteristics, and the storm hit near Atlantic City, New Jersey as it was transitioning from a tropical cyclone to an extra-tropical cyclone. At landfall, post-tropical storm Sandy had a central minimum pressure of 946 millibars and sustained winds of 80 miles per hour with tropical storm force winds extending up to 500 miles from the center of the storm.

At the time this report was published, it was known that Sandy had caused numerous fatalities across the Caribbean early in its life — 54 fatalities in Haiti, 11 in Cuba, 2 in both the Bahamas and Dominican Republic, and 1 in Jamaica. Impacts across the U.S. included record breaking storm surge for the densely populated Northeast Corridor, widespread wind damage, coastal and inland flooding, blizzard conditions for the Appalachians, and power outages to over 8 million households. Over 100 fatalities were confirmed due to Sandy in the U.S., mostly in New Jersey and New York. More information on the impacts of Sandy and records broken due to the storm in the U.S. can be found here:

  • Sandy Precipitation
  • Sandy Wind and Storm Surge
  • Sandy Barometric Pressure Records

  • Tony
    Tropical Storm Tony Satellite Image


    Tony Track
    Tropical Storm Tony Track

    Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
    Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
    Tropical Cyclone Summary
    Tropical Cyclone Tony
    Cyclogenesis Date 10/24
    Cyclolysis Date 10/25
    Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
    Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 52 mph (45 kt or 83 km/h)
    Min Pressure 1000 mbar
    Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 1.3750 x 104
    Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
    Deaths 0
    *The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

    East North Pacific Basin

    Olivia
    Tropical Storm Olivia Satellite Image
    Olivia Track
    Tropical Storm Olivia Forecast Track


    Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
    Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
    Tropical Cyclone Summary
    Tropical Cyclone Olivia
    Cyclogenesis Date 10/06
    Cyclolysis Date 10/08
    Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
    Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 58 mph (50 kt or 93 km/h)
    Min Pressure 998 mbar
    Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 1.9850 x 104
    Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
    Deaths
    *The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

    Paul
    Tropical Storm Paul Satellite Image
    Paul Track
    Tropical Storm Paul Forecast Track


    Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
    Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
    Tropical Cyclone Summary
    Tropical Cyclone Paul
    Cyclogenesis Date 10/14
    Cyclolysis Date 10/17
    Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 3
    Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 115 mph (100 kt or 185 km/h)
    Min Pressure 960 mbar
    Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 6.9825 x 104
    Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
    Deaths
    *The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

    Rosa
    Tropical Storm Rosa Satellite Image
    Rosa Track
    Tropical Storm Rosa Forecast Track


    Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
    Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
    Tropical Cyclone Summary
    Tropical Cyclone Rosa
    Cyclogenesis Date 10/30
    Cyclolysis Date Active
    Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
    Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 58 mph (50 kt or 93 km/h)
    Min Pressure 1000 mbar
    Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) N/A
    Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
    Deaths
    *The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

    North Indian Basin

    Murjan
    Tropical Storm Murjan Satellite Image
    Murjan Track
    Tropical Storm Murjan Forecast Track


    Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
    Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
    Tropical Cyclone Summary
    Tropical Cyclone Murjan
    Cyclogenesis Date 10/24
    Cyclolysis Date 10/25
    Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
    Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 40 mph (35 kt or 65 km/h)
    Min Pressure 1000 mbar
    Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) .6125 x 104
    Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
    Deaths
    *The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

    Nilam
    Tropical Storm Nilam Satellite Image
    Nilam Track
    Tropical Storm Nilam Forecast Track


    Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
    Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
    Tropical Cyclone Summary
    Tropical Cyclone Nilam
    Cyclogenesis Date 10/29
    Cyclolysis Date Active
    Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
    Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 63 mph (55 kt or 102 km/h)
    Min Pressure 992 mbar
    Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 2.0600 x 104
    Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds)
    Deaths
    *The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

    Citing This Report

    NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Hurricanes & Tropical Storms for October 2012, published online November 2012, retrieved on July 24, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/tropical-cyclones/2012/10.