Hurricanes & Tropical Storms - October 2010


NCDC transitioned to the nClimDiv dataset on Thursday, March 13, 2014. This was coincident with the release of the February 2014 monthly monitoring report. For details on this transition, please visit our public FTP site and our U.S. Climate Divisional Database site.


Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones and places each basin's tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Atlantic Basin

Hurricane Otto was the 15th named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season. Otto formed as a sub-tropical depression on October 6th from a low pressure system which had stalled out over the Caribbean. On the 7th, Otto transitioned to a tropical system and became a hurricane on the 8th. The storm never made landfall, and moved into the central Atlantic, becoming extratropical on the 10th. Although Otto never directly impacted land, the system brought heavy rainfall to the Lesser Antilles and caused mudslides in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. At its strongest, Hurricane Otto had sustained winds of 85 mph (140 km/hr) and a central minimum pressure of 972 mb. Please see the Global Hazards report for additional information on Otto.

Otto
Tropical Storm Otto Satellite Image
Otto Track
Tropical Storm Otto Forecast Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Otto
Cyclogenesis Date 10/06
Cyclolysis Date 10/10
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 86 mph (75 kt or 139 km/h)
Min Pressure 972 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 5.6325 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) N/A
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


Hurricane Paula was the 16th named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season and ninth hurricane. Paula formed as a tropical storm on October 11th off the Honduras coast and was upgraded to a hurricane by the 12th. Paula is one of only five Atlantic tropical cyclones to ever be given a 'P' name in the Atlantic basin (Pablo in 1995, Peter in 2003, Philippe in 2005, and Paloma in 2008). Paula strengthened into a hurricane only 12 hours after the National Hurricane Center's first advisory. Later the same day Paula intensified to a Category 2 hurricane with sustained winds of 100 mph (160 km/hr) and a central minimum pressure of 984 mb. After reaching Category 2 strength, Paula moved between Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula and Cuba and weakened. By the 14th, Paula was downgraded to a tropical storm before making landfall in Cuba. The storm brought heavy rain to the island nation, as well as extreme southern Florida. Paula dissipated on the 15th.

Paula
Tropical Storm Paula Satellite Image
Paula Track
Tropical Storm Paula Forecast Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Paula
Cyclogenesis Date 10/11
Cyclolysis Date 10/15
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 2
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 98 mph (85 kt or 157 km/h)
Min Pressure 984 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 6.5900 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/14–Puerto Esperanza, Cuba (55 kt or 105 km/h)
Deaths 1
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.



Hurricane Richard was the 17th named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season and the 10th hurricane. Richard developed from an area of disturbed weather into a tropical storm on October 21st. There have been only two other Atlantic basin storms given a name starting with the letter 'R' — Hurricane Roxanne in 1995 and Hurricane Rita in 2005. Richard strengthened into a hurricane on the 24th with sustained winds of 90 mph (145 km/hr) and a minimum central pressure of 981 mb. Richard made landfall as a strong Category 1 storm south of Belize City. Richard dissipated quickly over the high terrain of the Yucatan Peninsula.

Richard
Tropical Storm Richard Satellite Image
Richard Track
Tropical Storm Richard Forecast Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Richard
Cyclogenesis Date 10/21
Cyclolysis Date 10/25
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 1
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 92 mph (80 kt or 148 km/h)
Min Pressure 981 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 4.7600 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/25–Near Belize City, Belize (78 kt or 145 km/h)
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


Hurricane Shary was the 18th named storm and the 11th hurricane of the Atlantic hurricane season. There have been only two other tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Basin with a name beginning with the letter 'S' — Tropical Storm Sebastian in 1995 and Hurricane Stan in 2005. Tropical Storm Shary formed in the Atlantic on October 29th, 350 miles (560 km) southeast of Bermuda. On the 30th, Shary strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane with sustained winds of 75 mph and a central minimum pressure of 989 mb. Shary became extratropical later that day and moved off into the North Atlantic without having directly impacted any landmass.

Shary
Tropical Storm Shary Satellite Image
Shary Track
Tropical Storm Shary Forecast Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Shary
Cyclogenesis Date 10/28
Cyclolysis Date 10/30
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 1
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 75 mph (65 kt or 120 km/h)
Min Pressure 989 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 4.7600 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) N/A
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


Hurricane Tomas was the 19th named storm and 12th hurricane of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season. Tomas developed from a tropical wave on October 29th, east of the Lesser Antilles and quickly strengthened into a hurricane. On October 31st, Tomas passed near Saint Lucia, causing flooding and landslides on the small island. The storm moved westward over the Caribbean, strengthening to a Category 2 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 100 mph and a central minimum pressure of 982 mb. Strong shear over the Caribbean caused the storm to weaken to a tropical storm as it moved off to the west and then north. Once Tomas turned northward, it entered an environment favorable for further development and it strengthened into a hurricane once again on November 5th. The storm’s forward movement sped up as it passed between Haiti and Cuba. Tomas moved off into the Atlantic and became extra-tropical on November 7th. The preliminary death toll of Tomas across the Caribbean islands is 41, marking the deadliest tropical cyclone of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, and damages were estimated at 572 million U.S. dollars. The storm also worsened the ongoing Cholera epidemic in Haiti by contributed to flooding rains in the nation. For more information on Tomas see our monthly Global Hazards report.

Tomas
Tropical Storm Tomas Satellite Image
Tomas Track
Tropical Storm Tomas Forecast Track

Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Tomas
Cyclogenesis Date 10/29
Cyclolysis Date 11/07
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 2
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 98 mph (85 kt or 157 km/h)
Min Pressure 982 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 11.0725 x 104s
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/30–Barbados (60 kt or 113 km/h)
11/06–Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Island (65 kt or 121 km/h)
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


Northwest Pacific Basin

Megi
Tropical Storm Megi Satellite Image
Megi Track
Tropical Storm Megi Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Megi
Cyclogenesis Date 10/13
Cyclolysis Date 10/23
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 5
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 178 mph (155 kt or 287 km/h)
Min Pressure 885 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 41.2375 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/17–Sierra Madre, Luzon, Philippines (126 kt or 230 km/h)
10/23–Fujian province, China (48 kt or 89 km/h)
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


Chaba
Tropical Storm Chaba Satellite Image
Chaba Track
Tropical Storm Chaba Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Chaba
Cyclogenesis Date 10/24
Cyclolysis Date 10/30
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 3
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 132 mph (115 kt or 213 km/h)
Min Pressure 935 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 17.1325 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) N/A
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


North Indian Basin

Giri
Tropical Storm Giri Satellite Image
Giri Track
Tropical Storm Giri Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Giri
Cyclogenesis Date 10/21
Cyclolysis Date 10/22
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category Cat 4
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 155 mph (135 kt or 250 km/h)
Min Pressure 950 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 5.8125 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) 10/22–Kyaukphyu, Rakhine, Myanmar (92 kt or 169 km/h)
Deaths 84
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.


South Indian Basin

01S
Tropical Storm 01S Satellite Image
01S Track
Tropical Storm 01S Forecast Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone 01S
Cyclogenesis Date 10/26
Cyclolysis Date 10/27
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 40 mph (35 kt or 65 km/h)
Min Pressure 997 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) .4900 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) N/A
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Australian Basin

Anggrek
Tropical Storm Anggrek Satellite Image


Australian Scale Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Australian Scale Color Legend
Anggrek Track
Tropical Storm Anggrek Track


Safir Simpson Color Legend for Track Map from Unisys
Saffir-Simpson Scale Color Legend
Tropical Cyclone Summary
Tropical Cyclone Anggrek
Cyclogenesis Date 10/30
Cyclolysis Date 11/03
Highest Australian Category Cat 1
Maximum Gust 130 km/h
Highest Saffir-Simpson Category TS
Maximum 6-hr Sustained Wind 63 mph (55 kt or 102 km/h)
Min Pressure 986 mbar
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE*) Index (kt2) 3.5643 x 104
Landfall Information (date, location and sustained winds) N/A
Deaths 0
*The (ACE) Index calculations are based on preliminary data.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Hurricanes & Tropical Storms for October 2010, published online November 2010, retrieved on August 29, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/tropical-cyclones/2010/10.