Global Hazards - June 2005


Please note: Material provided in this report is chosen subjectively and included at the discretion of the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). The ability to report on a given event is limited by the amount of information available to NCDC at the time of publication. Inclusion of a particular event does not constitute a greater importance in comparison with an event that has not been incorporated into the discussion. Data included in this report are preliminary unless otherwise stated. Links to supporting information are valid at the time of publication, but they are not maintained or changed after publication.


Global Focus
Rainfall in Mexico during June 27-29, 2005
Rainfall From Tropical Storm Bret
Global Hazards And Significant Events
June 2005
Tropical Storm Bret formed in the Bay of Campeche and moved into Mexico on July 29. Additional information can be found below.
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Drought & Heat | Flooding | Storms | Tropical Cyclones | Extratropical Cyclones | Severe Winter Weather
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Drought conditions
Beneficial spring rain and snowfall ameliorated drought conditions throughout portions of the northern and central Rockies. Despite the welcome precipitation, severe drought lingered along the Idaho/Montana border, through northeastern Wyoming and in parts of Oregon and Washington during June. Numerous wildfires developed across the Southwest by late in the month. Farther to the east, drought conditions expanded across the Mississippi Valley region.
Drought Monitor depiction as of June 28, 2005
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For comprehensive drought analysis, please see the current U.S. drought report. Additional information on the western wildfires can be obtained from the 2005 wildfire season page.
Rainfall anomalies during April-June 2005 across Africa
Africa Rainfall Anomalies
Long-term drought continued in eastern Kenya, northeastern Tanzania, southern Somalia and Ethiopia's Somali region. Reduced crop yields in portions of Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi were the result of a below average 2004-2005 wet season. In Malawi, an estimated 4 million of the total population of 12 million was in need of food aid, while in neighboring Zambia, an estimated 1.2 million required food assistance (OCHA/Xinhua). For the latest African analysis and forecast, see the Famine Early Warning System Network.
A heat wave which commenced in May 2005 across areas of South Asia continued into late June. More than 400 people died as a result of temperatures reaching 45°C to 50°C (113°F-122°F) in parts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. From these heat-related deaths, at least 100 died in India's state of Orissa, while 100 fatalities were reported in Bangladesh and about 175 in Pakistan (Reuters).
Temperature anomalies across South Asia during June 2005
South Asia Temperature Anomalies
Europe temperature anomalies during June 2005
European Temperature Anomalies
A heat wave in Italy in late-June was the most severe in the northern part of the country, where at least 5 elderly people died as a result of the heat. Drought conditions were also affecting the country, with the river Po at historical low levels. The last major heat wave in Italy occurred in 2003 when at least 8,000 people died (Reuters).
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Heavy rainfall and flooding
Nine regions in northern Bulgaria were affected by extensive river flooding in early June, with three fatalities reported (IFRC).
Flooding in Bulgaria during May 25-June 10, 2005
Flooding in Bulgaria
China rainfall anomalies during June 2005
China Rainfall Anomalies
Seasonal flooding which began in May 2005 across southern China continued in June. By June, flooding affected over 9 million people in sections of Hunan, Guangdong, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces. There were more than 116 fatalities blamed on the flooding in early June (OCHA). In far northeast China, flash flooding on the 10th affected a primary school in Heilongjiang province. At the Shalan Central Primary School, there were 117 fatalities from flash flooding that originated in nearby mountains. The flooding was reportedly the area's worst in 200 years, with 20 cm (8 inches) of rain falling in a 40-minute period (Reuters/Associated Press).
In Tajikistan, heavy rains on June 8 in the Panjakent district resulted in flooding that affected the population of six villages. There were 73 houses destroyed and 338 damaged, resulting in over 300 people left without shelter (IFRC). In neighboring Kyrgyzstan, flooding during June 10-13 in the southern part of the country destroyed 200 houses and damaged 170 km (105 miles) of highway (OCHA).

Map of flooding in Afghanistan during mid-June
Flooding in Afghanistan
In Afghanistan, strong thunderstorms in mid-June produced flooding that killed as many as 48 people (AFP). The hardest-hit area was the province of Badakhshan where as many as 36 perished and more than 1,000 residential dwellings were destroyed (OCHA).
In Guatemala, mudslides brought on by heavy rain killed at least 22 people and injured 40 in the northern part of the country during mid-June (IFRC). Flooding in adjacent areas of El Salvador and Honduras claimed 39 lives in the two countries during June 25-27. Of these fatalities, 21 people were killed when a bus was carried away by flood waters about 55 km (35 miles) west of San Salvador, El Salvador (Associated Press).
Flooding in Guatemala during mid-June, 2005
Flooding in Guatemala
In the Canadian province of Manitoba, incessant wet weather prevented more than 400,000 hectares (one million acres) of agricultural land from being planted as of late-June. Rainfall of 20 to 125 mm (0.8 to 5 inches) was common throughout the province during the first half of the month, hampering agricultural activities (Reuters). Farther west, heavy rainfall in Alberta around June 20 caused flooding in the city of Drumheller, while in Calgary, residents were ordered to restrict drinking water use because of silt and debris clogging up water treatment plants (Reuters).

Heavy rains affected drought-stricken areas of eastern Australia during mid to late June, producing extensive flooding over areas of Queensland and New South Wales. Over 3,000 people were evacuated from the town of Lismore, located about 600 km (370 miles) north of Sydney, as the Wilson River peaked at more than 10 meters (33 feet) on the 30th (Reuters/BBC News).

In western India, heavy downpours during the last week of June in the Gujarat state inundated more than 7,200 villages, leaving 175,000 homeless and claiming at least 130 lives (Associated Press).
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Severe Storms
While much of the United States experienced a relatively quiet severe weather season during spring (March-May), numerous bouts of severe weather (including tornadoes) affected areas of the country during June. A tornado ripped through the town of Hammond, Wisconsin on June 12, damaging 22 homes and producing $3.6 million (USD) in damage (Associated Press).
U.S. Storm reports during June 4-15, 2005
Storm Reports during June 5-15
A slow-moving thunderstorm dumped up to a foot (30 cm) of hail on June 21 in southeastern portions of Colorado Springs, Colorado. Snowplows had to be used to clear a route through a major thoroughfare in the city. Heavy rainfall from the storm left up to 1.2 meters (~4 feet) of water in city streets, trapping dozens of motorists (Associated Press).
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Tropical Cyclones
Satellite image of Tropical Storm Arlene near the time of landfall on June 11, 2005
Satellite Image Of Arlene
Tropical Storm Arlene developed as a depression in the western Caribbean off the coast of Honduras on June 8 and reached tropical storm intensity by June 9. The storm passed over the western tip of Cuba on the 10th before moving northward across the Gulf of Mexico and making landfall in the United States just west of Pensacola, Florida on the 11th.
Maximum sustained winds at the time of landfall were estimated near 95 km/hr (50 knots or 60 mph). The primary impact from Arlene was heavy rainfall that affected parts of the lower Mississippi Valley northward into the Tennessee Valley.
Radar animation of Arlene near the time of landfall on June 11, 2005
Tropical Storm Arlene Radar Animation
Satellite image of Tropical Storm Bret near the time of landfall on June 29, 2005
Satellite Image Of Bret
Tropical Storm Bret developed in the Gulf of Mexico's Bay of Campeche on June 28, moving inland near Tuxpan, Mexico on the 29th with maximum sustained winds near 65 km/hr (35 knots or 40 mph). The primary impact from Bret was heavy rainfall that locally exceeded 125 mm (~5 inches) near the point of landfall.
For 2005 basin tropical cyclone statistics, please refer to the following:
Australian Basin
North Indian Ocean Basin
Western North Pacific Basin
South Pacific Basin
South Indian Ocean Basin
Northeast Pacific Ocean Basin
Atlantic Basin
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Extratropical Cyclones
No reports of significant extratropical cyclones were received during June 2005

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Severe winter weather
No reports of severe winter weather were received during June 2005

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References:


Basist, A., N.C. Grody, T.C. Peterson and C.N. Williams, 1998: Using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to Monitor Land Surface Temperatures, Wetness, and Snow Cover. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 37, 888-911.

Peterson, Thomas C. and Russell S. Vose, 1997: An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature data base. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Hazards for June 2005, published online July 2005, retrieved on October 24, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/hazards/2005/6.