Typhoon Tokage Over Japan
Global Hazards And Significant Events
Typhoon Tokage was the tenth typhoon to strike
Japan this year, which is a new record for the number of
landfalling typhoons in a single season for the country. Additional
information can be found below.
|In the United States,
severe to exceptional long-term drought continued throughout much
of the Intermountain West, with the worst-affected areas in parts
of eastern Idaho, northeastern Wyoming and adjacent areas of
Montana. In Nebraska, the Platte River near
Columbus was dry at the beginning of the month.
For comprehensive drought analysis, please see the current
||Significant rains fell
in early October in the Sool Plateau of northern Somalia. However,
four years of long-term drought continued to have devastating
effects. In southeastern Kenya, two-year rainfall has been near
half of normal. For the latest African analysis and forecast, see
Early Warning System Network.
|In South Asia, heavy
rains during October 8-10 brought major flooding to India's
northeastern state of Assam, neighboring areas of Bangladesh and
Nepal. Flash flooding and mudslides claimed 133 lives in Assam and
West Bengal states in India, 39 in Bangladesh and 5 in Nepal
(Associated Press). Thousands of livestock were also lost to the
For an archive of flood events worldwide, see the
Dartmouth Flood Observatory.
erupted in the U.S. Tennessee Valley region on the 18th, resulting
in 28 reports of tornadoes in Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee and
Alabama. There were three fatalities in southeastern Missouri near
the town of Cooter, while at least 118 buildings were damaged and
15 people injured in Arkansas from the storms (Associated
|Typhoon Ma-on developed in
the western Pacific Ocean on the 4th, reaching typhoon intensity by
the 6th. Ma-on made landfall along the east coast of Japan on the
9th, with maximum sustained winds near 165 km/hr (90 knots or 105
mph). This was the strongest typhoon to strike this part of Japan
and the greater Tokyo area in 10 years, and the ninth typhoon to
affect Japan this season. There were six fatalities (Reuters).
||Typhoon Tokage developed in
the western Pacific Ocean on the 12th, passing through the Northern
Mariana Islands and reaching typhoon strength by the 13th. Tokage
reached Okinawa on the 19th with maximum sustained winds near 150
km/hr (80 knots or 90 mph), and crossed directly over Japan during
the 19th-21st. The typhoon's large diameter (over 480 km or 300
miles) brought strong winds and heavy rainfall to nearly all of the
Japanese islands, producing significant flooding and wind damage.
Tokage also produced a record eight-story high wave (24 meters or
80 feet) off the port of Muroto on the southern island of Shikoku
on the 20th. This was the highest wave recorded in the country
since the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport started
monitoring wave heights in 1970 (AFP). There were 79 fatalities
from Tokage, making it the deadliest typhoon for Japan since
October 1979 when 115 people were killed or presumed dead (AFP).
Tokage is the tenth typhoon this year to hit Japan, which is a new
record for the most typhoons in a single season. The old record was
6 set in 1990. Records began in 1951 (Reuters/Associated
developed in the western Pacific Ocean on the 16th, reaching
typhoon intensity by the 18th. Nock-ten skirted the northeast coast
of Taiwan on the 25th with maximum sustained winds near 205 km/hr
(110 knots or 125 mph). There were four deaths attributed to
flooding, with at least 100 injuries, mostly caused by flying
debris (AFP). The typhoon weakened and dissipated as it moved over
the East China Sea.
A table containing the
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) index for global tropical
cyclones occurring during the month of October 2004 is available.
||A powerful storm
system affected portions of western Europe during October 8-9,
2004. In Portugal, power was disrupted for many residents in
central and northern parts of the country as winds gusted over 100
km/hr (60 mph). The winds damaged at least 40 percent of the 300
hectares (740 acres) of greenhouses that exist in central Portugal.
There was one reported fatality that was attributed to the strong
|Another strong storm
system affected the United Kingdom around October 27 with strong
winds and heavy rainfall. Across Ireland, winds gusted over 110
km/hr (70 mph) and heavy rainfall produced flooding. The River Lee
reached the highest level since 1962, producing significant
flooding in the southwestern city of Cork (Associated Press).
|Snow fell across much
of the Canadian grain-belt during mid-October, effectively ending
the growing season in many parts of the prairie provinces. As much
as 18 cm (7 inches) of snow covered fields in northern Alberta,
with 15 cm (6 inches) at Saskatoon, Saskatchewan during the
Basist, A., N.C. Grody, T.C. Peterson and C.N. Williams, 1998:
Using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to Monitor Land Surface
Temperatures, Wetness, and Snow Cover. Journal of Applied
Meteorology, 37, 888-911.
Peterson, Thomas C. and Russell S. Vose, 1997: An overview of
the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature data base.
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,