Global Hazards - June 2004


Please note: Material provided in this report is chosen subjectively and included at the discretion of the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). The ability to report on a given event is limited by the amount of information available to NCDC at the time of publication. Inclusion of a particular event does not constitute a greater importance in comparison with an event that has not been incorporated into the discussion. Data included in this report are preliminary unless otherwise stated. Links to supporting information are valid at the time of publication, but they are not maintained or changed after publication.


Global Focus
Satellite image of Typhoons Mindulle and Tingting in the western Pacific Ocean on June 29, 2004
Typhoons Mindulle & Tingting In The Western Pacific
Global Hazards And Significant Events
June 2004
Five typhoons affected land areas in the western Pacific Basin during June 2004. Additional information can be found below.

Drought conditions
In the United States, significant precipitation over the past several months alleviated drought conditions along the Pacific Northwest coast, although severe to extreme drought classification continued through June throughout the Intermountain West, the Northern Rockies, and southward into Arizona. Exceptional drought classification was noted through parts of Montana and Idaho. Moderate drought conditions developed in parts of the Southeast by the end of April and continued into June, although rainfall alleviated dryness in this region by month's end. Click Here for the Drought Monitor depiction as of June 29, 2004
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For comprehensive drought analysis, please see the U.S. drought report for June.

Long term drought continued across areas of Africa, including the Greater Horn and parts of southern Africa (WFP). Seasonal rains brought relief to some areas during late April and into May. CAMS precipitation anomaly estimates across Africa during June 2004
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Temperatures across Europe at 1800 UTC, June 29, 2004
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Maximum temperatures across much of Spain reached or exceeded 40°C (104°F) during the closing days of June, prompting electricity consumption to soar to record levels (38,800 megawatts). On the 29th, Madrid reached a 73-year high temperature of 39.3°C (104°F), while Cordoba climbed to 42.3°C (108°F) (AFP/Spain National Institute of Meteorology).
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Heavy rainfall and flooding
Map of flood-affected areas in Macedonia during early June 2004
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In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, heavy rains during June 4-7 produced flooding along the Pena, Vardar, Anska Reka, Trkajna and Turija Rivers. Flooding affected up to 100,000 people and significantly impacted agricultural interests. Up to 50 percent of the agricultural land in the country was affected by the flooding (OCHA).

Thunderstorms produced flooding in northern Romania during the 12th-13th, claiming the life of a child in the town of Doljesti (AFP).

Flooding resulting from heavy thunderstorm rains affected Lagos, Nigeria late on the 16th and early on the 17th. Thousands of commuters were stranded at bus stops as public transportation was halted. Hundreds of buildings and properties were also submerged (AFP).

In Nicaragua, heavy rainfall during June 20-30 produced flooding and mudslides that killed 21 people (OCHA/Associated Press).

Heavy rainfall in the Sichuan province of southwestern China produced flooding and landslides that caused 15 deaths (Associated Press).

In India, flooding submerged at least 50 villages in the eastern state of Bihar by mid-month. Heavy rainfall in neighboring Nepal was blamed as the culprit for the flooding which caused three rivers that flow into the state of Bihar to rise above the flood stage. Flooding across the eastern states of India, including Tripura and Assam, was blamed for 35 deaths by month's end (AFP). Flooding for the week ending June 12, 2004 from the Dartmouth Flood Observatory
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For an archive of flood events worldwide, see the Dartmouth Flood Observatory.

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Severe Storms
Map of storm reports on June 2, 2004
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In the United States, severe thunderstorms affected the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX area on June 1st, 2nd and 7th. Each episode of severe weather was accompanied by damaging winds and flooding. Approximately a half-million customers lost power from storms on the 1st-2nd (Associated Press).

Strong thunderstorms downed trees and power lines in parts of Wisconsin late on the 23rd. One fatality was reported in Green Lake County (Associated Press).

In the Philippines, a rare tornado ripped through Leyte and Samar islands on the 9th which destroyed 900 houses and killed at least two people. The tornado was apparently spawned from Tropical Storm Chanthu which was tracking through the region (Reuters).

Strong thunderstorms in the Bay of Bengal were responsible for the sinking of 20 fishing vessels off the coast of Bangladesh on the 13th. At least 10 deaths were blamed on the storms (Reuters).

In northeastern China's Hubei province, severe thunderstorms produced egg-sized hail in the city of Handan, injuring 32 people and causing serious damage to houses, farmland and trees. The thunderstorm knocked out electricity to the town and caused an estimated $12.7 million (USD) in damage (AFP).

In Turkey, a severe thunderstorm on the 19th produced a rare tornado 30 km (20 miles) north of Ankara. The tornado was responsible for 3 deaths and 21 injuries, while damaging 45 buildings (AFP). Satellite image of thunderstorms over Turkey on ....
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Tropical Cyclones

Satellite image of Typhoon Conson in the western Pacific Ocean on June 10, 2004
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Typhoon Conson developed in the South China Sea on the 4th as a depression, reaching typhoon status by the 7th. Conson tracked between Taiwan and the Philippines, attaining maximum sustained wind speeds of 175 km/hr (95 knots or 110 mph) and disrupting air traffic to Taiwan. Conson's weakened remnants passed over Japan on the 11th.
Typhoon Chanthu developed on the 9th over the central Philippines. The storm brought heavy rains and localized severe weather to the Philippines, before tracking westward into the South China Sea on the 10th. Chanthu reached typhoon strength by the 12th, tracking into central Vietnam on the 13th with maximum sustained winds near 140 km/hr (75 knots or 85 mph). The typhoon killed at least 12 people in Vietnam, injured 5 and destroyed more than 180 houses (AFP/Associated Press). Satellite image of the remnants of Typhoon Chanthu over Vietnam on June 13, 2004
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Satellite image of Typhoon Dianmu in the western Pacific Ocean on June 17, 2004
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Typhoon Dianmu developed in the western Pacific Ocean on the 13th and reached typhoon strength by the 14th. Dianmu came ashore at Cape Muroto on Shikoku Island, or about 500 km (310 miles) west of Tokyo, on the 21st. Wind gusts on Shikoku Island were reported as high as 180 km/hr (112 mph) from the Japanese Meteorological Agency. Dianmu weakened as it moved northeastward across western Japan. The typhoon was blamed for five deaths in Japan and adjacent South Korea (Reuters).
Typhoon Mindulle developed in the western Pacific Ocean on the 23rd and battered the northern Philippines during June 29-30. The typhoon passed north of the main island of Luzon on the 30th with maximum sustained winds near 165 km/hr (90 knots or 105 mph). Heavy rains produced flooding that claimed 12 lives in the Philippines, while nearly 180,000 people were displaced from their homes. Strong winds toppled trees and cut power to areas of northern Luzon island (AFP). Click for AVI visible satellite animation of Typhoons Tingting and Mindulle
Satellite Animation (AVI format/1MB)
Satellite image of Typhoons Mindulle and Tingting in the western Pacific Ocean on June 29, 2004
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Typhoon Tingting formed in the western Pacific Ocean on the 25th, passing north of the Northern Mariana Islands on the 28th with maximum sustained winds near 140 km/hr (75 knots or 85 mph). The typhoon passed north of Guam, but brought heavy rainfall (406 mm or 16 inches) and flooding to the island. Rainfall in Guam for June was boosted to 966 mm (38.03 inches) which was the wettest June on record.

A table containing the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) index for global tropical cyclones occurring during the month of June 2004 is available.

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Extratropical Cyclones
A strong storm system affected much of Europe during June 22-23, bringing heavy precipitation to parts of the region. A strong cold front ignited severe thunderstorms which affected parts of Germany on the 23rd. Two people were killed and several injured as wind gusts up to 115 km/hr (65 mph) produced widespread wind damage. A tornado struck the village of Micheln injuring at least 6 people and tearing roofs from homes (AFP). Satellite image of a storm system over Europe on June 23, 2004
Satellite Animation (5MB)
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Severe winter weather

No reports of severe winter weather were received during June 2004

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References:

Basist, A., N.C. Grody, T.C. Peterson and C.N. Williams, 1998: Using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to Monitor Land Surface Temperatures, Wetness, and Snow Cover. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 37, 888-911.

Peterson, Thomas C. and Russell S. Vose, 1997: An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature data base. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Hazards for June 2004, published online July 2004, retrieved on December 20, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/hazards/2004/6.