Global Analysis - November 2007


Global Highlights:

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The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.

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Introduction

Temperature anomalies for September - November 2007 and November 2007 are shown on the dot maps below. The dot maps, below left, provide a spatial representation of anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) data set of land surface stations using a 1961-1990 base period. The dot maps, below right, are a product of a merged land surface and sea surface temperature anomaly analysis developed by Smith and Reynolds (2005). Temperature anomalies with respect to the 1961-1990 mean for land and ocean are analyzed separately and then merged to form the global analysis. Additional information on this product is available.

Throughout the year, anomalous warm conditions covered much of the globe. The January-November 2007 map of temperature anomalies shows the presence of warmer-than-average temperatures across all land areas, with the exception of the southern countries located in South America. Warmer-than-average Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) were present in the Atlantic, Indian, and the Northwest Pacific oceans. Cooler-than-average conditions were observed in the Niño 1+2 and 3 regions, the northeastern Pacific and some areas in the southern oceans.

During the boreal fall, there were above average temperatures across northwestern Africa, Australia, eastern Brazil, Asia, and the U.S., including Alaska. Cooler-than-average conditions occurred in central Europe.

NOTE: We apologize for the inconvenience, but the Land and Ocean blended Temperature Anomalies for the boreal fall (September-November) will be temporarily unavailable.

During November, above average temperatures were observed across northwestern Africa, eastern Brazil, central and western contiguous U.S., Alaska, southern Australia, and much of Asia. Meanwhile, SST anomalies in the Niño 3.4 region were below average from west of the Date Line eastward to the South American coast. These conditions are indicative of a moderate-strength ENSO cold event (La Niña). Please see the latest ENSO discussion for additional information.

The mean position of the upper level ridges of high pressure and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500-millibar height anomalies on the September-November 2007 map and the November map) are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. For other Global products see the Climate Monitoring Global Products page.

Images of sea surface temperature conditions are available for all weeks during 2007 at the weekly SST page.

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Temperature Rankings and Graphics

Current Month / Seasonal / Year-to-date

Effective with the February 2006 report, NCDC transitioned from the use of the Operational Global Surface Temperature Index (Quayle et al. 1999) to the blended land and ocean dataset developed by Smith and Reynolds (2005). The differences between the two methods are discussed in Smith et al. (2005).

The January-November year-to-date period ranked as the fourth warmest January-November since records began in 1880 for combined global land and ocean surface temperatures, while the global land surface temperature ranked warmest on record. Meanwhile, the combined global land and ocean surface temperature for boreal fall (September-November 2007) was eighth warmest on record, and the land surface temperature was 2nd warmest, behind 2005. As for the month of November, the land surface temperature ranked fourth warmest in the 127-year record.

November Anomaly Rank Warmest (or Next
Warmest) Year on Record

Global

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean

+1.00°C (+1.80°F)
+0.25°C (+0.45°F)
+0.46°C (+0.83°F)

4th warmest
15th warmest
8th warmest

2004 (+1.40°C/2.52°F)
1997 (+0.54°C/0.97°F)
2004 (+0.73°C/1.131°F)

Northern Hemisphere

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean


+1.19°C (+2.14°F)
+0.33°C (+0.59°F)
+0.66°C (+1.19°F)


4th warmest
10th warmest
5th warmest


2001 (+1.73°C/3.11°F)
2006 (+0.66°C/1.19°F)
2004 (+0.97°C/1.75°F)

Southern Hemisphere

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean


+0.46°C (+0.83°F)
+0.20°C (+0.36°F)
+0.24°C (+0.43°F)


11th warmest
30th warmest
24th warmest


1982 (+1.45°C/2.61°F)
1997 (+0.55°C/0.99°F)
1997 (+0.58°C/1.04°F)

September-November Anomaly Rank Warmest (or Next
Warmest) Year on Record

Global

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean

+0.93°C (+1.67°F)
+0.33°C (+0.59°F)
+0.49°C (+0.88°F)

2nd warmest
10th warmest
8th warmest

2005 (+1.14°C/2.05°F)
1997 (+0.54°C/0.97°F)
2005 (+0.64°C/1.15°F)

Northern Hemisphere

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean


+0.99°C (+1.78°F)
+0.39°C (+0.70°F)
+0.62°C (+1.12°F)


2nd warmest
8th warmest
6th warmest


2005 (+1.28°C/2.30°F)
2006 (+0.64°C/1.15°F)
2005 (+0.83°C/1.49°F)

Southern Hemisphere

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean


+0.76°C (+1.37°F)
+0.27°C (+0.49°F)
+0.34°C (+0.61°F)


5th warmest
21st warmest
12th warmest


1997 (+0.85°C/1.53°F)
1997 (+0.55°C/0.99°F)
1997 (+0.59°C/1.06°F)

January-November Anomaly Rank Warmest (or Next
Warmest) Year on Record

Global

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean

+1.03°C (+1.85°F)
+0.39°C (+0.70°F)
+0.56°C (+1.01°F)

warmest
9th warmest
4th warmest

2005 (+0.98°C/1.76°F)
1998 (+0.50°C/0.90°F)
2005 (+0.61°C/1.10°F)

Northern Hemisphere

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean


+1.20°C (+2.16°F)
+0.43°C (+0.77°F)
+0.72°C (+1.30°F)


warmest
6th warmest
2nd warmest


2005 (+1.03°C/1.85°F)
2005 (+0.55°C/0.99°F)
2005 (+0.73°C/1.31°F)

Southern Hemisphere

Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean


+0.55°C (+0.99°F)
+0.36°C (+0.65°F)
+0.39°C (+0.70°F)


7th warmest
9th warmest
9th warmest


2005 (+0.84°C/1.51°F)
1998 (+0.51°C/0.92°F)
1998 (+0.55°C/0.99°F)

The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.

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Precipitation

The maps below represent anomaly values based on the GHCN data set of land surface stations using a base period of 1961-1990. During boreal fall, above average precipitation fell over areas that include the Philippines, southeastern Europe, parts of western Africa, and the southwestern Alaska. Drier-than-average conditions were observed in south central and eastern regions of the contiguous U.S., the south and eastern parts of Brazil, and parts of India, and eastern Asia.

During November 2007, above average precipitation fell over areas that include parts of southeastern Europe, eastern Australia, and the Philippines. Drier-than-average conditions were observed across the eastern half of the contiguous U.S., Japan, southeastern China, eastern Brazil, and Argentina. Additional details on flooding and drought can also be found on the November Global Hazards page.

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ENSO SST Analysis

Below average sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies extended west from the Date Line to the western coast of North and South America. These conditions are indicative of a moderate-strength ENSO cold event (shown in the adjacent animation of weekly sea surface temperature anomalies). A comprehensive summary of November 2007 ENSO conditions can be found on the ENSO monitoring page. For the latest advisory on ENSO conditions go to NOAA's Climate Prediction center (CPC) and the CPC ENSO Diagnostic Discussion.

Images of sea surface temperature conditions are available for all weeks since 2003 at the weekly SST page.

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References

Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Quayle, R.G., T.C. Peterson, A.N. Basist, and C. S. Godfrey, 1999: An operational near-real-time global temperature index. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 333-335.

Smith, T.M., and R.W. Reynolds (2005), A global merged land air and sea surface temperature reconstruction based on historical observations (1880-1997), J. Clim., 18, 2021-2036.

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Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for November 2007, published online December 2007, retrieved on April 18, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2007/11.