Global Analysis - January 2005


Global Highlights:

  • Based on preliminary data, global average combined land and sea surface temperature was 2nd warmest on record for January 2005
  • January temperatures were above average across Europe, Russia, Alaska and the majority of the U.S., with below average temperatures in Canada and Algeria
  • Precipitation during January was above average over the Ohio Valley of the U.S., Scandinavia and parts of Japan, with drier than average conditions in the Pacific Northwest of the U.S., southeastern Canada and most of Australia
  • Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) continued to be above normal in the central equatorial Pacific

Contents of this Section:

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The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.
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Introduction

Temperature anomalies for January are shown on the map below. The dot map on the left uses anomalies that were calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) data set of land surface stations using a 1961-1990 base period. The map on the right is a weekly product based on data from the Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) of SST data. During January 2005, mean temperatures were more than 3°C above average from eastern Europe to Siberia. Above average temperatures were also widespread in much of the United States, Brazil, southern and eastern areas of Africa, and much of Australia. Temperatures were below average in Algeria and other parts of West Africa, much of Canada and the majority of the U.S.

Current month's Temperature Dot map
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Current month's Temperature blended SSMI map
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Slightly above average sea surface temperatures are also evident in the product above. Warmer than average conditions covered large parts of the central and eastern Pacific reflecting weak, dissipating El Niño conditions. Sea surface temperatures were also warmer than average in much of the northern Pacific and northern Atlantic. Cooler than average sea surface temperatures covered areas primarily in the Southern Hemisphere, in the southern Atlantic, Indian, and South Pacific Oceans.

The mean position of upper level ridges of high pressure and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies on the January 2005 map) are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. For other Global products see the Climate Monitoring Global Products page.


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Top of PageTemperature Rankings and Graphics

Current Month
January Anomaly Rank Warmest Year on Record
Global
Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean
+1.06°C (+1.91°F)
+0.47°C (+0.85°F)
+0.65°C (+1.17°F)
2nd warmest
2nd warmest
2nd warmest
2002 (+1.42°C/2.56°F)
1998 (+0.54°C/0.97°F)
2002 (+0.73°C/1.31°F)
Northern Hemisphere
Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean
+1.09°C (+1.96°F)
+0.52°C (+0.94°F)
+0.74°C (+1.33°F)
5th warmest
2nd warmest
2nd warmest
2002 (+1.81°C/3.26°F)
1998 (+0.55°C/1.00°F)
2002 (+0.92°C/1.66°F)
Southern Hemisphere
Land
Ocean
Land and Ocean
+1.08°C (+1.94°F)
+0.46°C (+0.83°F)
+0.57°C (+1.03°F)
warmest
5th warmest
2nd warmest
2nd - 2003 (+0.99°C/1.78°F)
1998 (+0.55°C/1.00°F)
1998 (+0.61°C/1.10°F)

Global Land and Ocean Triad plot
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Global Hemisphere Triad plot
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The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.

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Top of Page Precipitation

The maps below represent anomaly values based on the GHCN data set of land surface stations using a base period of 1961-1990. The map to the left is precipitation anomalies measured in millimeters, the map to the right is the percentage of average (1961-1990) precipitation. During January 2005, above average precipitation fell across the southwestern U.S., Norway, South Africa, far western Russia and the Caribbean. Below average precipitation was observed in the southeastern U.S., southeastern Canada, the Iberian Peninsula, France, Malaysia and the majority of Australia.
Precipitation Dot map in Millimeters
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Percent Precipitation Dot map
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Top of Page ENSO SST Analysis




Last week of the month's ENSO condtions Map
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  • Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) decreased in the eastern equatorial Pacific, but continued to be above normal in the central and western equatorial Pacific during January (as shown in the adjacent animation of weekly sea surface temperature anomalies), suggesting ENSO is in a weak warm phase. A comprehensive summary of January 2005 ENSO conditions can be found on the ENSO monitoring page. For the latest advisory on ENSO conditions go to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center (CPC) and the CPC ENSO Diagnostic Discussion

  • Images of sea surface temperature conditions are available for all months during 2005 at the weekly SST page

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References:

Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for January 2005, published online February 2005, retrieved on September 30, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2005/1.