Global Analysis - September 2003


Global Highlights:

  • Global average combined land and sea surface temperature was warmest on record for September 2003
  • Temperatures were much above average across Asia, the western U.S. and eastern Canada with below average temperatures across western Australia, Mexico and Alaska
  • Precipitation during September 2003 was above average in the northeastern U.S. and Venezuela, with drier than average conditions over southern India and Japan
  • Near average equatorial Pacific SSTs were indicative of near-neutral ENSO conditions
 

Contents of this Section:

This is a break in the document The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page. This is a break in the document

Top of Page Introduction

The September 2003 mean temperature was above the 1988-2002 average across eastern Canada, Europe, Russia and Morocco as shown in the adjacent map of blended satellite and in situ data. Cooler than average temperatures occurred over the central portion of India, Alaska and the U.S.Ohio Valley. The mean position of upper level ridges of high pressure and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies) are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. For all Global map products see the Climate Monitoring Products page.  temperature in September 2003
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Global Temperature Anomalies in September 2003
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September temperature anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network data set of land surface stations (using a 1961-1990 base period) also show above average temperatures throughout Russia, the western U.S. and much of Asia. Monthly temperatures were 3-5°C (5.4-9°F) above the mean in many of these areas. Cooler than average temperatures were present throughout Mexico, the central Great Plains of the U.S. and parts of South Africa where monthly temperatures were as much as 2-4°C (3.6-7.2°F) below average.
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Top of Page Temperature

September
  • For September 2003, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.58°C (1.04°F) above the 1880-2002 average, ranking as the warmest September in the period of record
  • Globally averaged land temperatures were second warmest on record, 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the long-term mean
  • Globally averaged ocean surface temperatures were 0.53°C (0.95°F) above the 1880-2002 mean, warmest on record for September 2003.


Global Temp Anomalies in September 2003
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  • September 2003 temperatures averaged across the Northern Hemisphere were warmest on record, 0.67°C (1.21°F) above the long term mean
  • Temperatures averaged throughout the Southern Hemisphere were third warmest, 0.50°C (0.90°F) above average
Global Temp Anomalies in September 2003
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January-September
  • For January-September 2003, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.60°C (1.00°F) above the long term mean, third warmest
  • Globally averaged land temperatures were third warmest on record, 0.84°C (1.51°F) above the long-term mean
  • Globally averaged ocean surface temperatures were 0.43°C (0.77°F) above the 1880-2002 mean, second warmest for January-September 2003.


  • January-September 2003 temperatures averaged across the Northern Hemisphere were third warmest on record, 0.62°C (1.12°F) above the long term mean
  • Temperatures averaged throughout the Southern Hemisphere were third warmest, 0.46°C (0.83°F) above average
Global Temperature Timeseries
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Global Temperature Timeseries
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  • Serial monthly global surface temperature departures with respect to a 1971-2000 mean are shown in the figure to the left
  • Globally averaged surface temperatures (land and ocean) have been warmer than the 1971-2000 average for the last 89 consecutive months
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Top of Page Precipitation

  • During September 2003, much above average precipitation fell across Mexico, portions of central India, southern Brazil and Uruguay, and the northeastern U.S.
  • Below average precipitation was observed in eastern Australia, the United Kingdom and the Carribean
  • Additional regional analysis can be found on the Global Hazards page
Global Precip Anomalies in September 2003 larger image

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Top of Page ENSO SST Analysis

last week of the month's ENSO condtions Map
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  • Sea surface temperatures were near normal over much of the equatorial Pacific (as shown in the adjacent animation of weekly sea surface temperature anomalies), indicative of neutral ENSO conditions. A comprehensive summary of September 2003 ENSO conditions can be found on the ENSO monitoring page. For the latest advisory on ENSO conditions go to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center (CPC) and the CPC ENSO Diagnostic Discussion
  • Images of sea surface temperature conditions are available for all months to date during 2003 at the weekly sst page

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References:

Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for September 2003, published online October 2003, retrieved on October 21, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2003/9.