Global Analysis - November 2003


Global Highlights:

  • Global average combined land and sea surface temperature was the third warmest for November 2003 and warmest for September-November 2003
  • September-November 2003 temperatures were much above average throughout Canada and Alaska with below average temperatures in Germany, Poland and much of Australia
  • Precipitation during September-November 2003 was above average throughout southern portions of Europe and the Northeastern U.S., with drier than average conditions throughout the United Kingdom and Brazil
  • Slightly warmer than normal SST's remained across the equatorial Pacific basin indicating the possiblity of a developing weak El Niño event.
 

Contents of this Section:

This is a break in the document The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page. This is a break in the document

Top of Page Introduction

The September-November 2003 mean temperature was above the 1988-2002 average in Argentina, the Middle East and the Greater Horn of Africa as shown in the adjacent map of blended satellite and in situ data. Cooler than average temperatures occurred in Pakistan, Iran and southern portions of Australia. The mean position of upper level ridges of high pressure and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies) are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. For all Global map products see the Climate Monitoring Products page.  temperature in November 2003
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Global Temperature Anomalies in November 2003
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November temperature anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network data set of land surface stations (using a 1961-1990 base period) show above average temperatures throughout Europe, the eastern half of the United States and Scandinavia. Monthly temperatures were 3-5°C (5.4-9.0°F) above the mean. Cooler than average temperatures were present throughout the western U.S., Kazakhstan and much of Russia where monthly temperatures were as much as 2-4°C (3.6-7.2°F) below average. For all Global map products see the Climate Monitoring Products page.
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Top of Page Temperature

November
  • For November 2003, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.59°C (1.10°F) above the 1880-2002 average, ranking as the third warmest November in the period of record
  • The warmest November occurred in 2001, when the global anomaly was +0.65°C (+1.17°F)
  • Globally averaged land temperatures were fourth warmest on record, 0.78°C (1.40°F) above the long-term mean
Global Temp Anomalies in November 2003
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  • November 2003 temperatures averaged across the Northern Hemisphere were second warmest on record, 0.78°C (1.40°F) above the long term mean
  • Temperatures averaged throughout the Southern Hemisphere were ninth warmest, 0.37°C (0.67°F) above average
Global Temp Anomalies in November 2003
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September-November
  • For September-November 2003, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.62°C (1.12°F) above the long term mean, warmest for boreal fall.
  • Ocean surface temperatures were 0.52°C (0.94°F) above the 1880-2002 mean, second warmest for September-November 2003.
  • September-November 2003 temperatures averaged across the Northern Hemisphere were warmest on record, 0.77°C (1.39°F) above the long term mean
  • Temperatures averaged throughout the Southern Hemisphere were fifth warmest, 0.46°C (0.83°F) above average
Global Temperature Timeseries
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January-November
  • For January-November 2003, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.57°C (1.03°F) above the long term mean, third warmest
  • Globally averaged land temperatures were third warmest on record, 0.85°C (1.53°F) above the long-term mean
  • Globally averaged ocean surface temperatures were 0.44°C (0.80°F) above the 1880-2002 mean, second warmest for January-November 2003.

  • January-November 2003 temperatures averaged across the Northern Hemisphere were third warmest on record, 0.65°C (1.17°F) above the long term mean
  • Temperatures averaged throughout the Southern Hemisphere were third warmest, 0.46°C (0.83°F) above average
Global Temperature Timeseries
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Global Temperature Timeseries
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  • Serial monthly global surface temperature departures with respect to a 1971-2000 mean are shown in the figure to the left
  • Globally averaged surface temperatures (land and ocean) have been warmer than the 1971-2000 average for the last 91 consecutive months
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Top of Page Precipitation

  • During September-November 2003, much above average precipitation fell in the Northeastern U.S., Indonesia and Spain
  • Below average precipitation was observed in Scandinavia, the eastern half of Australia and southern India
  • During the month of November 2003 , unusually wet weather occurred in Alaska, Western Europe and Venezuela while areas of India, China and Malaysia experienced drier than average conditions.
  • Additional regional analysis can be found on the Global Hazards page
Global Precip Anomalies in November 2003
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Top of Page ENSO SST Analysis

last week of the month's ENSO condtions Map
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  • Sea surface temperatures were slightly above average over much of the equatorial Pacific (as shown in the adjacent animation of weekly sea surface temperature anomalies), indicating a likely development of a weak El Niño. A comprehensive summary of November 2003 ENSO conditions can be found on the ENSO monitoring page. For the latest advisory on ENSO conditions go to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center (CPC) and the CPC ENSO Diagnostic Discussion
  • Images of sea surface temperature conditions are available for all months to date during 2003 at the weekly sst page

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References:

Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for November 2003, published online December 2003, retrieved on October 25, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2003/11.