Global Analysis - September 2002


Global Highlights:

  • Global average combined land and sea surface temperature was the fourth warmest for September 2002
  • September temperatures were above normal throughout most of the United States and much of central Asia, with cooler than average temperatures over southwest Europe and parts of Siberia
  • September was wetter than average across southern Europe, parts of Southeast Asia and the U.S. Gulf Coast region
 

Contents of this Section:

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The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.
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Top of Page Introduction

The September 2002 mean temperature was 1-3°C (1.8-5.4°F) above the 1988-2002 average across much of the United States and from central Europe through central Asia as shown in the adjacent map of blended satellite and in-situ data. Cooler than average temperatures occurred across southern Brazil, southern Europe and parts of China. The mean position of upper level ridges and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies) are generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. A belt of warmer-than-average sea surface temperatures persisted throughout the tropical Pacific during September, the signature of El Niño conditions. Click Here for the Global Blended Temperature in September 2002
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Click Here for the Global Temperature Anomalies in September 2002
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September temperature anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network data set of land surface stations using a 1961-1990 base period show below average temperatures of 2-4°C (3.6-7.2°F) from the Iberian Peninsula, eastward across the Mediterranean region as well as parts of Siberia. Notable warm anomalies of +2 to +4°C (+3.6 to +7.2°F) were present across the eastern two-thirds of the United States, parts of Australia and large portions of central Asia.
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Top of Page Temperature

September
  • For September 2002, the global average land and ocean surface temperature was 0.47°C (0.85°F) above the 1880-2001 average, ranking as the fourth warmest September in the period of record
  • The warmest September occurred 4 years ago (1998)
  • The September land surface temperature average was second warmest on record, 0.62°C (1.12°F) above average
Click Here for the Global Temp Anomalies in September 2002
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January-September
  • The global land and ocean surface temperature average (January-September 2002) was the second warmest such 9-month period in the 1880-2002 record, 0.58°C (1.04°F) above the long-term mean and 0.08°C (0.14°F) cooler than during the El Niño year of 1998
  • January-September 2002 average temperature across land areas also ranked as second warmest on record, or 0.98°C (1.76°F) above the 1880-2001 average
Click Here for the Global Temp Anomalies in January-September 2002
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  • Serial monthly global surface temperature departures with respect to a 1971-2000 mean are shown in the figure to the right
  • The recent return to record or near record temperature departures is evident, and globally averaged surface temperatures (land and ocean) have been warmer than the 1971-2000 average for the last 77 consecutive months
Click Here for the Global Temperature Timeseries
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Top of Page Precipitation

  • During September 2002, much above average precipitation fell across the Mediterranean region, the U.S. Gulf Coast and parts of Southeast Asia where western Pacific typhoons brought locally excessive rainfall
  • Below average precipitation was observed across much of the western two-thirds of the U.S., much of Australia, India and from Mongolia into northeastern China
  • Additional regional analysis can be found on the Global Hazards page
Click Here for the Global Precip Anomalies in September 2002
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References:

Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for September 2002, published online October 2002, retrieved on July 30, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2002/9.