Global Analysis - April 2002


Global Highlights:

  • Global average combined land and sea surface temperature was the second warmest on record for April
  • Lower tropospheric temperatures were warmer than average
  • April temperatures were greater than 4°C (7.2°F) above average across much of the U.S., Europe and the Russian Far East
  • Above average precipitation was most notable across northern Brazil and Uruguay, with below average precipitation across much of Australia and southeast China
 

Contents of this Section:

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The data presented in this report are preliminary. Ranks and anomalies may change as more complete data are received and processed. The most current data may be accessed via the Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page.

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Top of Page Introduction

Above average warmth covered much of the United States, Europe, Australia and eastern Asia as shown in the adjacent map of blended satellite and in-situ data (base period 1992-2002). Cooler than average temperatures occurred across much of Canada and central Russia. The mean position of upper level ridges and troughs of low pressure (depicted by positive and negative 500 millibar height anomalies), correspond to areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies, respectively. During April 2002, conditions in the tropical Pacific continued to indicate a slowly developing El Niño episode. Click Here for the Global Blended Temperature in April 2002
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Click Here for the Global Temperature Anomalies in April 2002
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Temperature anomalies calculated from the Global Historical Climatology Network data set of land surface stations using a 1961-1990 base period also show the warmer than average temperatures across Europe, eastern Asia and much of the United States, with cooler temperatures over central and western Canada as well as Turkey to Turkmenistan.
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Top of Page Temperature

  • Based on data available at the time of this report, the global land and ocean temperature in April 2002 was the second warmest in the 1880-2002 record, 0.57°C (1.03°F) above the long-term average
  • Temperatures averaged across ocean areas were second warmest on record globally, or 0.43°C (0.77°F) above the long-term April mean
  • Land areas were third warmest during April, or 0.94°C (1.69°F) above the 1880-2001 average which is 0.28°C (0.50°F) less than in 1998
Click Here for the Global Temp Anomalies in April 2002
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Click Here for the Global Temperature Anomalies for January-April 2002
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  • The global average land and ocean temperature for the period January-April 2002 was 0.70°C (1.26°F) above the 1880-2001 mean, the second warmest such period on record
  • Temperatures averaged across land areas were warmest on record for January-April 2002, or 1.33°C (2.39°F) above average
  • Two of the past four months (January and March) were the warmest such months on record (combined land and ocean temperature)
  • Global temperatures have increased at an average rate of approximately 0.6°C (1°F) per century since 1900, but the rate of warming during the past 25 years is almost three times higher
  • Serial monthly global surface temperature departures with respect to a 1971-2000 mean are shown in the figure to the right
  • The recent return to record or near record temperature departures is evident, and monthly global temperatures (land and ocean) have been warmer than the 1971-2000 average for the last 72 consecutive months
Click Here for the Global Temperature Timeseries
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Top of Page Precipitation

  • During April, much above average precipitation fell across parts of northern Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentinian Pampas region
  • Drier than average weather prevailed across much of southeast China, Australia and interior Europe
  • Additional regional analysis can be found on the Global Regional page
Click Here for the Global Precip Anomalies in April 2002
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References:

Peterson, T.C. and R.S. Vose, 1997: An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Database. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 2837-2849.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for April 2002, published online May 2002, retrieved on December 20, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2002/4.