Climate Conundrum Quiz
Climate Conundrum Quiz
Temporal Scale
Who
What
Where
When
How
Why
Wild Card
One Day

Q. What is one day using annual scale powers of ten?
Q. Who introduced you to the Climate Timeline? What is thermal response and give an example of how it occurs over the course of a normal day? Where is the sun rising now on the planet? When does the apparent sunrise and sunset occur in your community today? How does weather differ from climate? Why is the diurnal cycle important to plants and what is the process that allows them to store solar energy? What is the forecasted high and low temperature and chance of precipitation for today in your community?
1 Year

Q. How is one year expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who uses a Decision Calendar to organize around the annual water year? Q. What is the fundamental cause of the seasonal changes over a year? Q. Where do the sun's direct rays hit during the vernal or autumnal equinox? Q. When does the water year begin? Q. How do many marine mammals adapt to seasonal changes? Q. Why is obliquity important for seasonal changes? Q. How does the weather today compare with a year ago in your community?
10 Year

Q. How is ten years expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who has suggested that fewer extreme weather or climate events is not always "better" from an impacts standpoint? Q. What is ENSO? Q. Where were fishing industries severely impacted during the 1982-83 El Ni˝ys "better" from an impacts standpoint? Q. When are droughts in the southern U.S. and flooding in the Pacific Northwest more likely? Q. How do oceanic phenomenon such as ENSO influence global climate? Q. Why is ENSO important in predicting Atlantic hurricanes? Q. Is there an ENSO teleconnection with your region?
100 Year

Q. How is one hundred years expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who coined the term Pacific Decadal Oscillation or PDO? Q. What occurred between the mid 1940s and early 1970s to global climate? Q. Where were 300,000-500,000 people killed due to winds coupled with a storm surge in 1970? Q. When did the Great Smog of London occur? Q. How many people were there at the beginning and end of the 20th Century? Q. Why is population regarded as an important factor in climate change? Q. How has your community changed in the past 100 years in terms of population and climate?
1000 Year

Q. What is one thousand years expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who were the people living in the American South West 1000 years ago who may have been impacted by drought? Q. What forces account for 40-65% of decadal-scale temperature variations during the past 1000 years before 1850? Q. Where does the Thermohaline circulation system vent tropical heat? Q. When did the Medieval Warm Period begin and when did it end? Q. How are climate changes over 1000 years or more studied? Q. Why was Iceland surrounded by sea-ice around 1695? Q. How was the climate and environment in your community different 1000 years ago from now?
10,000 Year

Q. What is ten thousand years expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who first suggested that a catastrophic flooding of the Black Sea could have been the biblical flood? Q. What is the most recent epoch called following the end of the last Ice Age? Q. Where did irrigation and agriculture begin about 10,000 years ago? Q. When did the Black Sea become flooded? Q. How many people are estimated to have existed 10,000 years ago? Q. Why were summer temperatures in the northern hemisphere warmer 5,000 to 7,000 years ago than today? Q. Why is the domestication of water through irrigation considered by some to be the first technological revolution?
100,000 Year

Q. What is 100,000 years expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who thrived in cold European climates some 30,000 years ago? Q. What is the Younger Dryas? Q. Where did many species of animals become extinct shortly after Homo sapiens arrived 50KYA? Q. When did the Younger Dryas occur? Q. How can orbital cycles influence Ice Ages? Q. Why was sea level some 120 meters lower than today some 18KYA? Q. What geologic event may have triggered an abrupt climate change 71KYA?
Beyond

Q. What is 1 million and 1 billion expressed as powers of ten temporal scaling?
Q. Who developed the Gaia hypothesis which proposes a global climate thermostat? Q. What major event occurred some 251 million years ago? Q. Where did human ancestors evolve? Q. When did Earth's existence begin? Q. According to the Gaia hypothesis, how has the Earth avoided freezing or experiencing a run-away Greenhouse effect? Q. Why did the Earth's early atmosphere gain free oxygen (O2) ? Q. What are the two primary natural phenomenon that we measure time by?
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