## NOAA KLM USER'S GUIDE## with NOAA-N,-P SUPPLEMENT## Table of Contents |

The NOAA KLM User's Guide (April 2007 revision) is a document that describes the orbital and
spacecraft characteristics, instruments, data formats, etc. of the NOAA-K through NOAA-M polar
orbiter series of satellites. In addition, the NOAA-N and NOAA-P spacecraft are also described
in the NOAA-N,-P Supplement (see link below). Listed below are links to the HTML versions of the
individual chapters.

**Disclaimer:**A Disclaimer from the Author/Editor of the NOAA KLM User's Guide.

**Acknowledgments:**A Letter of thanks for all those who helped out.

**Acronyms and Abbreviations:**A Listing of Acronyms and Abbreviations used in the NOAA KLM User's Guide.

**List of Figures:**A Listing of all Figures in the NOAA KLM User's Guide.

**List of Tables:**A Listing of all Tables in the NOAA KLM User's Guide.

**NOAA-N, -P Supplement:**A Listing of links with specific changes for the NOAA-N and -P spacecraft.

**Amendments:**A Listing of all Revisions made to the NOAA KLM User's Guide.

**Section 1:**

**Section 1.0:**Introduction to the NOAA KLM System

**Section 1.1:**The NOAA KLM Concept

**Section 1.2:**NOAA KLM Spacecraft Characteristics

**Section 2:**

**Section 2.0:**NOAA Polar Satellite Navigation and Earth Location

**Section 2.1:**Navigating the Polar Satellites

**Section 2.2:**Earth Locating the Polar Satellite Data

**Section 2.3:**Navigation and Earth Location Processing Within NOAA

**Section 2.4:**Interpolating the Level 1b Earth Location Data

**Section 3:**

**Section 3.0:**Description of the NOAA KLM Sensor Package

**Section 3.1:**Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3 (AVHRR/3)

**Section 3.2:**High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS)

**Section 3.3:**Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A)

**Section 3.4:**Advanced Microware Sounding Unit - B (AMSU-B)

**Section 3.5:**Space Environment Monitor (SEM-2)

**Section 3.6:**Data Collection System/2 (DCS/2)

**Section 3.7:**Search and Rescue Satellite (SARSAT) Instrument

**Section 3.8:**Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Spectral Radiometer (SBUV/2)

**Section 3.9:**Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS) [For NOAA-N and -P only]

**Section 4:**

**Section 4.0:**Real-Time Data Systems for Local Users

**Section 4.1:**HRPT System

**Section 4.2:**APT System

**Section 4.3:**Direct Sounder Broadcast (DSB)

**Section 4.4:**Data Collection and Location System

**Section 5:**

**Section 5.0:**Tracking Procedures for Directional Antennas used to Acquire Data From Real-Time Transmissions System Sensors

**Section 5.1:**TBUS Bulletin

**Section 5.2:**Alternate Sources and Forms of Satellite Prediction Position Information

**Section 6:**

**Section 6.0:**Ingest and Pre-processing

**Section 6.1:**Ingest

**Section 6.2:**Pre-processing

**Section 6.3:**Calibration

**Section 6.4:**Monitoring and Quality Assurance

**Section 7:**

**Section 7.0:**Calibration of NOAA KLM Instruments

**Section 7.1:**AVHRR

**Section 7.2:**HIRS/3

**Section 7.3:**AMSU-A and AMSU-B

**Section 7.4:**SBUV/2

**Section 7.5:**SEM-2

**Section 7.6:**MHS [For NOAA-N and -P only]

**Section 8:**

**Section 8.0:**Level 1b Database

**Section 8.1:**Data Representation and Storage

**Section 8.2:**Level 1b Data Set Names

**Section 8.3:**Data Distribution Formats

**Section 9:**

**Section 9.0:**NESDIS Operational Products

**Section 9.1:**Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Products

**Section 9.2:**Mapped GAC Products

**Section 9.3:**Radiation Budget Products

**Section 9.4:**Sounding Products (ATOVS and AMSU-B)

**Section 9.5:**Coastwatch Products

**Section 9.6:**Snow and Ice Products

**Section 9.7:**Ozone (SBUV/2) Products

**Section 9.8:**Aerosol/Optical Thickness Products

**Section 9.9:**Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS)

**Appendix A:**APT Predict (TBUS) Bulletin

**Appendix B:**Using Brouwer-Mean Elements from the TBUS Bulletin

**Appendix C:**Polar Stereographic Earth Location Routines

**Appendix D:**Miscellaneous Parameters for the Polar Orbiter Satellites

**Appendix E:**Index of Internet Resources

**Appendix F:**Ordering Retrospective Data

**Appendix G:**Data Changes and Problem Record

**Appendix H:**Orbit Injection

**Appendix I:**Formulation of a Generic Algorithm for Earth locating data from NOAA Polar Orbiter Satellites

**Appendix J:**Instrument Scan Properties

**Appendix K:**Conversion of Blackbody Temperatures to AVHRR Radiances

**Appendix L:**References

**Appendix M:**Implementation of AMSU-B Correction Algorithm

**Appendix N:**Software for Converting IBM Floating Point Numbers to IEEE Numbers

**Appendix O:**Procedure for Scheduling AVHRR LAC Data

**Appendix P:**Fundamental Constants

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