NOAA KLM USER'S GUIDE

List of Figures

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NOAA logo bullet. Section 1: Introduction to the NOAA KLM System

NOAA logo bullet. Section 2: NOAA Polar Satellite Navigation and Earth Location

NOAA logo bullet. Section 3: Description of the NOAA KLM Sensor Package

NOAA logo bullet. Section 4: Real-Time Data Systems for Local Users

NOAA logo bullet. Section 5: Tracking Procedures for Directional Antennas Used To Acquire Data From Real-Time Transmissions System Sensors

NOAA logo bullet. Section 6: Ingest and Pre- Processing

NOAA logo bullet. Section 7: Calibration of NOAA KLM Instruments

NOAA logo bullet. Section 9: NESDIS Operational Products

NOAA logo bullet. Appendix A: APT Predict (TBUS Bulletin

NOAA logo bullet. Appendix C: Polar Stereographic Earth Location

NOAA logo bullet. Appendix D: Miscellaneous Parameters for the Polar Orbiter Satellites

NOAA logo bullet. Appendix I: Formulation of a Generic Algorithm for Earth Locating Data from NOAA Polar Satellites

NOAA logo bullet. Appendix J: Scan Properties of the NOAA-KLM Instruments


Figure 1.2-1 NOAA KLM System Functional Design
Figure 1.2.1-1 NOAA KLM Spacecraft Configuration
Figure 1.2.2.5-1 SARSAT Concept
Figure 1.2.3-1 RCE Functional Schematic
Figure 1.2.4-1 ADACS Simplified Block Diagram

Figure 2.3.2-1 Sample Plot Available from Graphical Orbit Locator
Figure 2.3.2-2 Sample Plot Available from Graphical Orbit Locator
Figure 2.4.1-1 Relationship of sub-satellite point to Earth
Figure 2.4.1-2 Angular relationships between satellite, surface and Earth center
Figure 2.4.4-1 Earth Locations of LAC and GAC spots near nadir
Figure 2.4.4-2 Position of the two LAC spots that straddle nadir

Figure 3.1.2.1-1 AHVRR/3 Exploded View
Figure 3.3.2.1-1 Frequency translation of a broadband signal in heterodyne reception.
Figure 3.3.2.1-2 Schematic illustration of a single passband channel.
Figure 3.3.2.1-3 Schematic illustration of a double passband channel.
Figure 3.3.2.1-4 Schematic illustration of a quadruple sideband channel.
Figure 3.3.2.2-1 AMSU-A1 Instrument
Figure 3.3.2.2-2 AMSU-A2 Instrument
Figure 3.4.1-1 Microwave Characteristics of the Atmosphere
Figure 3.4.2.1-1 AMSU-B General Configuration
Figure 3.7-1 SARSAT Instrument Package
Figure 3.7.2.3-1 SARP-2 Block Diagram
Figure 3.8.2-1 SBUV/2 Instrument
Figure 3.9.1-1 MHS Channels and Passband Arrangement
Figure 3.9.2.1-1 MHS General Assembly
Figure 3.9.2.2-1 MHS Scanning Principle
Figure 3.9.2.4-1 MHS Operating Modes

Figure 4.1.5.1-1 AIP Output Format for NOAA KLM
Figure 4.1.5.2-1 AIP Output Format for NOAA-N,N'
Figure 4.2.2-1 APT Frame Format
Figure 4.2.3-1 APT Linearization
Figure 4.2.3-2 APT Video Line Format
Figure 4.2.3-3 APT Synchronization Details
Figure 4.3.3.1-1 TIP Output Format (Orbit Mode) for NOAA KLM
Figure 4.3.3.2-1 TIP Output Format (Orbit Mode) for NOAA-N,N'

Figure 5.1-1 Schematic representation of TBUS-1/TBUS-2 Information

Figure 6.0-1 Polar Data Processing Flow

Figure 7.1.2.2-1 AVHRR Thermal Channel Calibration Sequence

Figure 9.7.1.3-1 1b Data Set
Figure 9.7.1.4-1 SBUV 1b Data Set Record Layouts
Figure 9.7.2.2-1 PMF Archive Tape Data Set Organization

Figure A-1 Schematic representation of information conveyed in TBUS-1 and TBUS-2 bulletins
Figure A.3-1 Global Octant Map

Figure C-1 Definition of Latitude Angle
Figure C-2 Definition of Longitude Angle
Figure C-3 Arrangement of Array Containing Two Hemispheres
Figure C-4 Example of CENTI=254 and CENTJ=258

Figure D.1-1 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-15 AVHRR/3 Channel 1
Figure D.1-2 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-15 AVHRR/3 Channel 2
Figure D.1-3 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-15 AVHRR/3 Channel 3A
Figure D.1-4 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-15 AVHRR/3 Channel 3B
Figure D.1-5 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-15 AVHRR/3 Channel 4
Figure D.1-6 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-15 AVHRR/3 Channel 5
Figure D.2-1 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-16 AVHRR/3 Channel 1
Figure D.2-2 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-16 AVHRR/3 Channel 2
Figure D.2-3 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-16 AVHRR/3 Channel 3A
Figure D.2-4 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-16 AVHRR/3 Channel 3B
Figure D.2-5 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-16 AVHRR/3 Channel 4
Figure D.2-6 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-16 AVHRR/3 Channel 5
Figure D.3-1 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-17 AVHRR/3 Channel 1
Figure D.3-2 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-17 AVHRR/3 Channel 2
Figure D.3-3 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-17 AVHRR/3 Channel 3A
Figure D.3-4 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-17 AVHRR/3 Channel 3B
Figure D.3-5 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-17 AVHRR/3 Channel 4
Figure D.3-6 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-17 AVHRR/3 Channel 5
Figure D.4-1 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-18 AVHRR/3 Channel 1
Figure D.4-2 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-18 AVHRR/3 Channel 2
Figure D.4-3 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-18 AVHRR/3 Channel 3A
Figure D.4-4 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-18 AVHRR/3 Channel 3B
Figure D.4-5 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-18 AVHRR/3 Channel 4
Figure D.4-6 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-18 AVHRR/3 Channel 5
Figure D.5-1 Spectral Response Curve for MetOp-A AVHRR/3 Channel 1
Figure D.5-2 Spectral Response Curve for MetOp-A AVHRR/3 Channel 2
Figure D.5-3 Spectral Response Curve for MetOp-A AVHRR/3 Channel 3A
Figure D.5-4 Spectral Response Curve for MetOp-A AVHRR/3 Channel 3B
Figure D.5-5 Spectral Response Curve for MetOp-A AVHRR/3 Channel 4
Figure D.5-6 Spectral Response Curve for MetOp-A AVHRR/3 Channel 5
Figure D.6-1 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-19 AVHRR/3 Channel 1
Figure D.6-2 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-19 AVHRR/3 Channel 2
Figure D.6-3 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-19 AVHRR/3 Channel 3A
Figure D.6-4 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-19 AVHRR/3 Channel 3B
Figure D.6-5 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-19 AVHRR/3 Channel 4
Figure D.6-6 Spectral Response Curve for NOAA-19 AVHRR/3 Channel 5

Figure I.2-1 The Geometry of the Satellite and its Scan Spot Reletive to the Earth and the Earth-Centered-Inertial Coordinate System
Figure I.2-2The Nominal Scanning Coordinate System
Figure I.2-3 the Scan Angle Within the Nominal Scanning Coordinate System
Figure I.2-4 The Earth-Centered-Inertial Coordinate and the Earth-Centered-Fixed Coordinate System
Figure I.2-5 Cross section in the plane of 0 0 E and 180 0 E of the earth ellipsoid showing the geocentric and geodetic latitudes of a feature.

Figure J.1-1 Simulated Earth-Surface Footprints of GAC and LAC Data
Figure J.1-2 AVHRR/3 Signal Position as a Function of Scan Angle
Figure J.2-1 Scan Angles for HIRS/3 Instrument
Figure J.2-2 Simulated Earth-Surface Footprints for HIRS/3 and AMSU-A (Detail) Half Scan
Figure J.2-3 Simulated Earth-Surface Footprints for HIRS/3 and AMSU-A, Full Scan
Figure J.3-1 AMSU-A Scanning Characteristics
Figure J.3-2 AMSU-A1 Antenna Position with respect to frame synchronization pulse
Figure J.3-3 AMSU-A2 Antenna Position with respect to frame synchronization pulse
Figure J.3-4 AMSU-B scanning
Figure J.3-5 Definition of AMSU-B scan plane and motion
Figure J.3-6 MHS Scan Profile Velocity versus Time
Figure J.4-1 Simplified Optical Path of SBUV/2 Instrument


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