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Selected Global Extreme Information

Climate Information Project (CIP): November 2000 -Last Updated November 29th, 2000


(Courtesy of NOAA Office of Global Programs

The Rapid Response Project (RRP) has been reformed as the Climate Information Project (CIP). The weekly summaries of climate-weather impacts, monthly summaries of climate conditions, and all other previous RRP activities will be continued under the CIP. *The information provided in the CIP updates are gathered from a variety of wire and news sources as well as country and international agency reports. It does not necessarily reflect the focus or interest of NOAA's Office of Global Programs and is meant only as source of condensed information.

** All products of the CIP are archived at: Climate Information Project See the CIP map version of U.S. Impacts

Climate Information Project: The summaries are broken down into several reports.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/01/00

INDIA (drought) The Hindustan Times reported that the worst-ever drought in the Chhattisgarh region continues to severely affect 7 districts including Mahasamund, Raipur, Kawardha, Rajnandgaon and Durg. Migration from the state is reportedly becoming a problem as people look for food, water and relief operations.

INDONESIA (flood) The Xinhua reported that according to a government official, floods in Central Java province have inundated at least 1,492 hectares of paddy fields and damaged a total of 9.7 kilometres of road. Flash floods have reportedly hit Banyumas and Cilacap regencies, and several dams have broken causing damage to thousands of homes. A reported 10,000 individuals from 7 badly hit villages have been evacuated from their homes.

TAIWAN (typhoon) Reuters reported that according to officials at the interior ministry's disaster response center, typhoon Xangsane killed at least 32 individuals in Taiwan, including 21 people in the northern port city of Keelung that were caught in buildings that flooded rapidly. In addition, 2 individuals were reportedly injured and 10 are missing. According to officials, the storm triggered landslides near Taipei, and schools and government offices in several cities and counties reportedly closed because of the storm. Images are available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

UNITED STATES (drought) The AP reported that according to the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 22 of Wyoming's 23 counties have been designated disaster areas as a result of the wildfires and on-going drought, allowing farmers and ranchers to qualify for federal aid. Producers are reportedly eligible for low-interest emergency loans and may qualify for certain income tax provisions.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/03/00

PHILIPPINES (typhoon) Various media sources reported that typhoon Bebinca left 24 dead and 4 missing after hitting the island of Luzon on Friday (3rd). Government offices, schools and financial markets reportedly closed as floodwaters inundated Manila. All flights from the capital were reportedly cancelled, and blackouts occurred to huge sections of the city. The National Disaster Coordinating Council reported that more than 10,000 individuals were forced to leave their homes as a result of the increasing water levels. The storm also triggered landslides in the Manila suburb of Antipolo, and deaths reportedly occurred in the Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya provinces northeast of Manila. Images are available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at: TAIWAN (typhoon) Various media sources reported that typhoon Xangsane has been the most destructive storm to hit the island since typhoon Herb in 1996. The death toll has reportedly reached 59 individuals, and at least 30 individuals are still missing. On Wednesday a cargo ship reportedly sank, and Xangsane has reportedly caused the worst flooding in Taiwan in 30 years. The Council of Agriculture estimated initial agricultural losses at 62.5 million dollars.

UNITED STATES (drought) PR Newswire via COMTEX reported that the on-going drought in Alabama that has lasted two and one half years, has caused lake levels of Alabama Powers reservoirs to drop to record lows. In addition, the National Weather Service reportedly shows that this is the longest drought period experienced by Alabama in more than 100 years.

UNITED STATES (storm) The AP reported that 26.22 inches of rain fell in at Hilo Airport in a 24-hour period ending Thursday (2nd) . The thunderstorms reportedly flooded numerous homes, forcing dozens of families to evacuate. In addition, several landslides were reported on Hawaii Belt Highway, and schools and most businesses were closed. See the NCDC November 2000 - Climate Watch report. WEST ASIA (drought) Reuters reported that some areas of Iran and Afghanistan are suffering from the worst drought in 30 years as millions of tons of grain, and hundreds of thousands of livestock are destroyed. Severe drought has also reportedly impacted Pakistan's southwestern Baluchistan province, wiping out 15% of its wheat output and causing the death of thousands of animals. Drought conditions in India's northwestern regions are reportedly affecting the western states of Gujarat and Rajasthan, and parts of central Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/06/00

CANADA (snow) The Xinhua reported that 5 individuals died in traffic accidents Saturday evening, as icy conditions resulted in more than 100 collisions near Edmonton. A portion of Highway 93 between Jasper and Lake Louise was closed overnight as a result of the icy conditions.

HAITI (flood) EFE via COMTEX reported that according to officials, 4 individuals died in floods in northern Haiti after a week of heavy rains. Two individuals died in Cap Haitien, 1 died in Bahon and another died in Parois, Limonade. Severe damage reportedly occurred to homes in Cap Haitien, and residents in the southern neighbourhoods of Cap Haitien had to be evacuated.

INDONESIA (landslide) The AP reported that according to officials, rain-triggered landslides killed 52 individuals and buried dozens of houses on the main island of Java. As many as 7 villages in central Java were hit Sunday by 2 days of torrential rains, resulting in flooding and landslides. In the worst hit village of Pacekan 14 individuals were reportedly buried alive.

NORTH-WESTERN EUROPE (storm) Various media sources reported that 3 more individuals have died as more storms hit northwestern Europe. Floodwaters reportedly peaked at their highest levels since 1625 in Englands northern city of York on Saturday. In Spain fishermen took the day off Monday as winds gusted up to 90 mph on both the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. In addition, flights into cities in northern Spain were cancelled as heavy rains fell. The rains reportedly severed highways in 4 provinces as a result of flooding and mudslides. A British sailboat is reportedly caught in severe weather in the Bay of Biscay, and rescue efforts are underway.

PHILIPPINES (typhoon) The AP reported that typhoon Bebinca left 43 individuals dead, and according to the civil defense office, forced 630,000 people to flee their homes in metropolitan Manila and 14 provinces while leaving 9 individuals are missing. Twenty-two individuals reportedly died in landslides, 14 drowned, 4 died when a concrete wall collapsed on them in Calamba, Laguna and the others reportedly died when hit by falling objects. Bebinca hit only a week after typhoon Xangsane caused an estimated 25 million dollars worth of damage to property and infrastructure. Images are available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/08/00

KENYA (frost) ANA reported that a massive frost has destroyed hundreds of hectares of prime maize crop in Kenya's central Laikipia district. According to local media reports the frost wiped out the entire maize crop in the districts 3 maize producing divisions of Ngarua, Moran and Rumuruti.

NORTH-WESTERN EUROPE (storm) The AP reported that at least 19 individuals have died as a result of the storms hitting north-western Europe. On Tuesday (8th) these storms caused further flooding in Britain and more landslides in northern Italy. The worst hit areas on Tuesday were reportedly northeastern England and eastern Scotland where several major roads were cut off. In addition, Spain's Barcelona airport reportedly cancelled 6 flights, including 3 to France, and in France torrential rains caused the closure of Nice-Cote d Azur airport on November 6th.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/13/00

EFE via COMTEX reported that the agriculture and cattle raising industry in the northwestern zone of the province of Buenos Aires reported approximately 25 million dollars in losses brought on by flooding. The flooded zone reportedly extends over 6 districts, where agricultural and cattle production represents 25% of the country's total. Heavy rains have also affected the provinces of Cordoba, Santa Fe and LaPampa, which together with Buenos Aires make up the "wet pampas" Argentina's top agricultural and cattle-raising region.

UGANDA (storm) The Monitor reported that more than 100 permanent structures were destroyed in Parombo Nebbi District following a storm that hit the sub-county on the night of November 6th. Strong winds reportedly blew from the direction of Panyimur lake Albert side, and swept through Parombo, driving towards the DR Congo. Five people were admitted to the hospital, and the winds reportedly destroyed crops and household property resulting in numerous displaced individuals.

VENEZUELA (storm) Various media sources reported that authorities declared a state of alert in the coastal state of Vargas on Sunday (12th) as heavy rains resulted in floods and mudslides, blocking roads and leaving 4 people missing. According to the Civil Defense chief, mudslides destroyed 15 homes in hillside shanty towns and damaged 250 residences.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/20/00

AFGHANISTAN (drought) The WFP reported that 45,000 individuals from Ghor, who fled their homes due to drought, now reside in Heart city as internally displaced persons. In addition, populations displaced by drought, have been reported to be settling on the outskirts of Mazar city and arriving to Charkent and Sholgara. Reports of unusually large population movements from areas of Hazarajet, which has also been severely affected by drought, have also been recorded.

AUSTRALIA (flood) Various media sources reported that as a result of 2 weeks of heavy rains 12 rivers are in flood in the state of New South Wales, causing hundreds of individuals to be evacuated and numerous homes to be damaged. The state government has declared the flooded region which stretches across one-third of the state, a natural disaster. According to a spokesperson for the Department of Agriculture, crop damage has been estimated at between 500 and 600 million dollars, with wheat crops being the most severely affected. The 12 rivers in flood are, the Murray, Namoi, Hunter, Macquarie, Edward, Macintyre, Gwydir, Paroo, Belubula, Lachlan, Castlereagh and Bogan. The AP reported that after a weekend of torrential rains, floods have also caused damage in the town of Mackay located in Queensland state.

GREECE (flood) The AP reported that according to authorities, torrential rains across parts of western and central Greece flooded thousands of homes, and left numerous motorists stranded from Athens to the island of Corfu on Sunday. Many districts in Athens were reportedly blacked out for several hours as rainwater flooded central roads and buildings in the capital. The severe weather also caused 3 professional soccer league games to be postponed.

SRI LANKA (flood) Various media sources reported that at least 10,000 families have been left homeless as a result of flooding in the northeast. According to government officials, the districts severely affected are: Ampara, Batticalua and Polonnaruwah. Heavy rains are responsible for the flooding, and have caused damage to homes, crops, lagoon fish and prawn yields. In addition, several areas of main highway connecting the towns of Kalmunai and Polluvil are under water.

SWEDEN (flood) Reuters reported that rising floodwaters disrupted rail and road travel in western Sweden on Monday (20th) . A graveyard in the town of Arvika was reportedly submerged, as rivers flowing south from the Norweigen Mountains, through western Sweden, reached record levels. Sweden's largest lake, Vanern is reportedly so full that the state controlled utility Vattenfall has been forced to release an unprecedented 1,000 cubic metres of water per second in to the Gota Canal system leading towards Gothenburg.

VENEZUELA (flood) OCHA reported that a state of emergency has been declared in 10 states : Vargas, Zulia, Merida, Trujillo, Falcon, Miranda, Sucre, Carabobo, Aragua and the Federal District as heavy rains continue to cause floods and mudslides in the northern coastal region. According to national authorities, 2 individuals have died, approximately 7,000 have been affected, and 3,000 homes have been damaged or lost.

VIETNAM (flood) Various media sources reported that at least 31 individuals have died as a result of flooding caused by torrential rains in central Vietnam. Five individuals reportedly died in the province of Quang Nam, 3 died in Binh Thuan, 6 in Phu Yen, 4 in Quang Ngai, 12 in Khanh Hoa and 1 in Ninh Thuan. Flooding has reportedly also affected the provinces of Binh Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien-Hue. The heavy rains and floods have caused delays for more than 1,600 passengers on Trans-Vietnam Railway, and according to the National Flood and Storm Control Department 3,250 hectares have been flooded and nearly 10,000 acres of rice fields have been submerged. The Department has reportedly estimated initial damages at 3 million dollars.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/22/00

AUSTRALIA (flood) Various media sources reported that New South Wales is suffering from its worst flooding in 20 years. After a week of nearly uninterrupted rainfall, more than a third of the state is inundated, and this is reportedly already the wettest November on record. Hundreds of people have been evacuated from their homes and farms, and many villages across the region remain cut off. More than half of New South Wales - Australia's most important wheat producing state - wheat crops have reportedly been flooded. In addition, this is reported to be the third consecutive year in which flooding has hit this region.

ITALY (flood) Various media sources have reported that continuous rains have caused landslides and floods throughout various regions of Italy. On Monday (20th), a mudslide hit the village of Vinchiana in the Tuscan countryside, leaving at least 4 individuals dead and 1 person missing. By Tuesday afternoon (21st) 45% of Venice's center was reportedly flooded, and according to the Italian News Agency Ansa, the worst hit region is Trentino Province where a state of emergency has been declared as record rainfall has already caused 50 million dollars in damage to roads and infrastructure. Landslides and flooding have also been reported in the northwestern region of Lombardy, and the northeastern region of Friuli Venezia Giulia.

MOZAMBIQUE (storm) Various media sources have reported that at least 9 individuals have died as a result of heavy rainstorms that have been occurring for nearly one week. Five individuals have reportedly died in the central province of Zambezia, and 4 are reported dead in the northern province of Nampula. The storms have reportedly uprooted numerous trees, knocked down homes and made several roads impassable.

RUSSIA (snow) The Itar-Tass reported that all schools in Vladivostok were closed on Tuesday (21st) as snowstorms raged in the area for more than 24 hours. Many streets were reportedly under 1.5metres of snow.

SOUTH AFRICA (flood) Various media sources have reported that torrential rains in the KwaZulu-Natal province have caused significant damage since they began on Saturday (19th) . Two individuals have reportedly died, 3 others are missing and more than 3,000 people have been evacuated. Port Operations at Richards Bay South Africa's largest deep-water harbour were reportedly terminated Monday (20th) morning because of the incessant rainfall and gale-force winds. In addition, several roads in the northern reaches of the province are also reportedly closed.

SRI LANKA (flood) Various media sources have reported that according to the Sri Lankan Department of Meteorology, the eastern districts of Ampara and Batticaloa received 105mm of rain in the 24 hours before the morning of November 19th. In addition, another 238mm reportedly fell on Batticaloa on November 20th. Government information reportedly indicates that some 400,000 individuals have been affected by the flooding. More than 3,000 acres of paddy fields have been destroyed in the North Central province, and many roads are reportedly impassable as water is up to 3.5 feet at certain points.

THAILAND (flood) The Xinhua reported that according to local television reports, at least 9 individuals have died in southern Thailand in the worst floods in 12 years. The southern commercial center, Hat Yai of Songkhla Province, is the worst hit region. Non-stop rain reportedly fell on Hat Yai from Tuesday (21st) afternoon to Wednesday causing flooding in the business district. Flash floods from higher areas nearby have also affected Hat Yai, and the rains and floods are also affecting other areas of Songkhla Province, and the provinces of Nakhon Si Thammarat and Phattalung. Many houses and buildings are reportedly under 1.5-3 metres of water, and communication between Hat Yai and other districts has been cut off as roads are inundated. UNITED STATES (snow) Various media sources reported that 25 inches of snow were left on the ground in Buffalo following a snowstorm that began Monday (20th). City officials declared a state of emergency, and more than 10,000 schoolchildren reportedly spent the night at schools or other public buildings, as their buses could not make it through the snow. See the Special Snowfall Report for more information.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/27/00

ARGENTINA (flood) EFE via COMTEX reported on Thursday (23rd) that 1,800 individuals remained in makeshift shelters in Canada de Gomez after a severe storm hit the city Wednesday night and early Thursday causing a river bordering the city to overflow. Two deaths have been reported, and more than 1,000 homes were damaged as 150mm, or 5.9 inches, of rain fell on the city in a few hours.

INDIA (flood) The Xinhua reported on Friday (24th) that according to officials, floods which affected several regions of India this year claimed a total of 2,782 lives, damaged 2.7 million homes, inundated 344.8 million hectares of crops and destroyed 92,927 head of cattle. The floods reportedly affected a total of 13 states this year.

INDONESIA (flood) Various media sources have reported that the torrential rains that have been hitting the island of Sumatra since last week have resulted in at least 100 deaths and more than 80 people missing. Rain has triggered flooding in Aceh and Northern Sumatra, and caused further flooding, accompanied by landslides, in Western Sumatra and nearby Riau and Jambi. The floods and landslides have also reportedly damaged paddy fields, roads, bridges and telephone lines. The hardest hit region is reported to be the Pesisir Selatan district, and power cuts have severed communication with many affected areas.

ITALY (landslide) The AP reported on Friday (24th) that mudslides killed at least 4 individuals, and hundreds of individuals were evacuated as heavy rains inundated the region of Liguria. MALAYSIA (flood) Reuters reported that according to police and media reports on Friday (24th), 12 individuals have died and approximately 8,000 people have been forced to leave their homes as a result of monsoon rains affecting northern Malaysia. Seventy homes and several cars were reportedly swept away by floodwaters in the northeastern state of Terengganu, and 3 other states have also been hit with floods: Kedah, Kelantan and Perlis. Train services to many parts of the northeast were cancelled as the rails were reportedly submerged.

SOMALIA (flood) Various media sources reported that approximately 60 villages, and large areas of farmland around them in the Southern Lower and Middle Jubba regions have been flooded. The main Jubba river reportedly began to burst it's banks early last week, and more than 150,000 individuals have been affected.

THAILAND (flood) The AP reported that flooding caused by torrential rains has left 30 individuals dead in southern Thailand. Most of the dead are reportedly children, who either drowned or were electrocuted. Some 400,000 individuals in 9 Thai provinces have reportedly been affected, and vast areas of farmland have been submerged.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 11/29/00

BOTSWANA (flood) PANA reported that according to the latest food security bulletin from the agriculture ministry, excessive rains, floods and pests that affected grain crops during the growing season have resulted in a post-harvest grain deficit of 207,278 metric tonnes.

BRITAIN (flood) The Xinhua reported that according to the Meteorological office, England and Wales have suffered their wettest autumn since records began in 1766. Weekend downpours in Wales and southern England reportedly pushed the total autumn rainfall to 457mm, passing the previous record of 456mm set in 1852. Flooding has reportedly already destroyed 6,500 homes in Britain, flood warnings remain in effect for 12 rivers and much of the countryside is still waterlogged preventing farmers from harvesting or planting winter crops.

CUBA (drought) Various media sources reported that according to an industry specialist, output of Havana cigars is set to drop 15% in 2000 from 1999, because of the lengthy drought that occurred in 2000 one of the country's worst in the past half-century.

CYPRUS (flood) The Cyprus Mail reported that torrential rains and strong winds wreaked havoc in Paphos on Monday (27th) . A total of 40-43mm of rainfall accumulated in Paphos as property was damaged and power was disrupted. However, the highest rainfall recorded on Monday was reportedly in Nicosia, with 96mm falling in Athalassa.

GEORGIA (drought) OCHA reported that the drought conditions in the eastern regions of Georgia have resulted in damage to a significant portion of wheat and sunflower crops as well as winter pasturelands. The areas worst affected are reportedly districts in the Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli and Samtskhe-Javakheti regions.

INDIA (cyclone) Various media sources reported that a severe cyclone, packing winds over 120kph, hit India's southern coastal state of Tamil Nadu, as well as Andhra Pradesh, on Wednesday (29th). The storm reportedly began to cross the coast near the port town of Cuddalore 180km south of Madras - disrupting all road links to the town. In addition, the power supply to the town and nearby villages has been switched off since Wednesday morning as a precautionary measure. The cyclone has reportedly uprooted numerous trees and blown the roofs off several homes. In addition, several thousand people have reportedly been evacuated from Tamil Nadu and at least 30,000 individuals have been evacuated from low-lying areas in Andhra Pradesh.

INDONESIA (flood) Various media sources have reported that the recent monsoon rains, floods and landslides that have hit Sumatra, are the worst natural disaster to hit the region in 2 decades. According to the Rebublika Daily, 146 individuals have died and dozens more remain missing. The Jakarta Post has reported that up to 75,000 individuals have fled their homes, and according to the Indonesian Observer, some 350 billion rupiah, or 40 million dollars, in property losses have been incurred. In addition, at least 20,000 to 30,000 hectares of rice fields have been inundated by floods in some provinces.

MONGOLIA (drought) The Xinhua reported that according to the Mongolian Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock Breeding, Mongolia harvested 138,000 tons of grains in 2000 the least amount since the 1950's. The Ministry has attributed this crop failure to drought and early snow.

MOZAMBIQUE (flood) PANA reported that according to a report submitted Monday (27th) to a meeting of the Co-ordinating Council of the Mozambican Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, February floods destroyed approximately 198,000 hectares. The grain produced from the 2000 harvest was approximately 1.5 million tonnes, considerably lower than the 1999 figure, and this decline is reportedly largely a result of the flooding.

MOZAMBIQUE (storm) PANA reported that storms that hit the central Mozambican province of Zambezia Sunday (26th) night resulted in 5 deaths. According to a report on Radio Mozambique Tuesday (28th) , four deaths occurred in Regone, on the outskirts of the provincial capital Quelimane. The fifth death reportedly occurred in the district of Milange near the Malawian border. In addition, approximately 70 homes were damaged in Regone.

UKRAINE (snow) Various media sources reported that severe snowstorms have shut down more than half of the Ukraine's nuclear reactors. According to the Itar-Tass, as of Tuesday (28th) there was no electricity supply to 3,851 townships in 11 regions of the Ukraine because of ice-covered ground, sticky snow and strong winds. The regions suffering the most are reportedly, the Vinnitsa region, Odessa, Khmelnitsky, Nikolayev, Cherkasy, Kirovograd and Zhitomir with 1,438, 789, 750, 347, 116, 181 and 119 townships without electricity respectively.

VIETNAM (flood) Reuters reported that heavy rains and recent flooding have washed away most of the rats in Vietnam's Mekong Delta. The rodents have caused problems for rice farmers in the Mekong Delta in recent years, and thus as an attempt to alleviate the problem, farmers began selling and eating the rats. Last year rat meat was worth approximately 5,000 dong, or $0.345, per kilo in the market, but this year there are no rats available as a result of the widespread flooding.

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