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Selected Global Extreme Information

Climate Information Project (CIP): March 2000- Last Updated April 3rd, 2000


(Courtesy of NOAA Office of Global Programs)

The Rapid Response Project (RRP) has been reformed as the Climate Information Project (CIP). The weekly summaries of climate-weather impacts, monthly summaries of climate conditions, and all other previous RRP activities will be continued under the CIP.

*The information provided in the CIP updates are gathered from a variety of wire and news sources as well as country and international agency reports. It does not necessarily reflect the focus or interest of NOAA's Office of Global Programs and is meant only as source of condensed information.

** All products of the CIP are archived at:

Climate Information Project: The summaries are broken down into several reports.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 03/01/00 - 03/05/00

AFGHANISTAN (drought) OCHA reported that drought in southern Afghanistan has caused the water table of the Kandahar region to run low.

AUSTRALIA (tropical cyclone, flood) Following flooding in northern Queensland last week, tropical cyclone Steve added to the damage this past weekend as it struck the northern regions of the state. Cairns and Mareeba were reported as the worst affected areas, with some 40,000 homes in Cairns without electricity and water supplies rationed in both areas. Reuters reported that some two-thirds of Queensland was under water, while New South Wales, Northern Territory, and South Australia were also experiencing flooding of various degrees. Costs to the sugar cane industry are estimated at $63 million USD, while thousands of sheep have reportedly drowned in parts of Queensland and New South Wales.

COLOMBIA (flood) Media sources noted that 8 people have died as a result of rains and associated flooding that has occurred since mid-February. The provinces of Tolima, Santander and Valle are reportedly the worst affected regions.

ETHIOPIA (drought, fire) Fires reportedly set by farmers trying to smoke out bees and other insects have blazed out of control, in part due to the drought persisting in the region. The AP reported that fires in the Bale region have destroyed some 40,000 hectares of virgin and natural coffee forests. 57,000 hectares in the Borena have also reportedly been destroyed. The fires in Ethiopia are also reportedly threatening several wildlife preserves and natural areas.

KENYA (drought) The AP reported that according to a local Roman Catholic Priest, drought in the Turkana district had resulted in the death of some 5,000 cows, donkeys and camels.

MOROCCO (drought) According to media reports, the Islamic Affairs Ministry of Morocco appealed for it citizens to pray for rain. Drought has reportedly left dams in the country at half the normal level.

SOUTHERN AFRICA (flood) Various news and situation reports have reported that the flooding in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe, caused by seasonal rainfall and storm events occurring since the beginning of February, could affect more than 1 million people throughout the region. In Mozambique 800,000 are believed to have been severely affected by the floods. Although official assessments are ongoing, media sources have stated the number of fatalities in Mozambique could reach into the thousands. The most severely affected areas within Mozambique are reportedly the Limpopo and Save River valleys, and relief agencies are concerned about the possibility of cholera, malaria, and diarrhea outbreaks occurring as a result of the floods, as well as land minds moved and unearthed by flood waters. Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe have reported a 150 fatalities and tens of thousands made homeless or severely affected.

UNITED STATES (storm) Strong winds and rain reportedly caused some 570 car accidents in southern California last Wednesday.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 3/13/00 - 3/17/00

ARGENTINA (flood) Media sources reported last week that days of heavy rainfall caused flooding in northeastern Argentina. 6,000 people were reportedly made homeless by the floods, while seven fatalities occurred. Six provinces were reportedly affected, however Tucuman was believed the most affected. The other provinces include Jujuy, Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, Salta and La Rioja.

ETHIOPIA (fire, drought) Fires, reportedly started by farmers, have been aided by an ongoing drought and dry conditions. According to Reuters forest fires have threatened wildlife preserves. In particular the Nechsar Game Park, where the Swayne's hartebeest, Burchell's zebra, Grant's gazelle and the greater kudu are potential threatened by the fires. Images of fires in Ethiopia are available in the March 13, 2000 report: A collection of imagery and other drought related information is made available at

FIRE Various fires in Colombia, Venezuela, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and the south eastern United States in the reports of OSEI made available at:

HORN OF AFRICA (drought) As reported by the AP, drought affecting several countries in the eastern and Greater Horn of Africa has affected several million people and threatens with crop failures. The AP reported that drought conditions may be affecting as many as 8.1 million in Ethiopia, 2.4 million in Sudan, 2.7 in Kenya, 1.2 in Somalia, 700,000 in Uganda, and 545,000 in Eritrea.

MONGOLIA (severe winter) As reported by OCHA, a severe winter in Mongolia has killed 1.4 million head of livestock. The number of affected persons dependent on these animals is estimated at 500,000.

SOUTHERN AFRICA (flood) The IRIN and media sources reported that flooding affecting the region since early February have resulted in some 2.5 million people affected and at least 800 fatalities. Several humanitarian and relief agencies have expressed concern over health and sanitation issues. In Mozambique, the INGC reported that areas in the central and southern regions are at risk from landmines washed into populated or traveled areas. These areas include the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Sofala, and Manica.

UNITED STATES (storm) Storms and tornadoes over the weekend reportedly caused four deaths and resulted in damage to buildings in Texas, Alabama, and Georgia. A tornado affecting Houma, Louisiana on Tuesday reportedly left 34 people injured and two severely injured.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 3/18/00 - 3/22/00

BOLIVIA (flood) Media sources quoted the Civil Defense Agency as saying heavy rains in recent weeks had resulted in the death of some 10,000 cattle and destroyed the crops of 22,000 families. Several cities were also partly affected by the flooding. These included Santa Cruz and Cochabamba provinces which are which are in central and eastern part of the country.

JAMAICA (drought) The Jamaica Rural Agricultural Development Authority reported that ongoing drought has resulted in crop losses totaling some $6 million. Reservoir levels have also been reported at half capacities and media sources have reported concern over vegetable shortages.

KENYA (drought) PANA reported that as a partial result of drought, 85 people in the Wajir district have died due to a lack of food. The Kenyan government also declared a famine emergency for the district. The most severely drought-affected areas reportedly include Moyale, Mandera, Turkana and Wajir which are in the northern and eastern sections of the country. Reports of animals, in particular primates, fighting with humans over water resources have circulated in the news. Media reports also noted several other animals seen wandering in search of food and water.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 3/23/00 - 3/26/00 IRAQ (drought) Reuters reported that the Iraqi Agriculture Ministry noted that water levels of the Tigris and Euphrates have dropped some 20 percent below their average flow. Drought last year and late rains are expected to lower agriculture production.

MONGOLIA (severe winter)- Update The AP reported that according to OCHA at least 1.8 million head of cattle or other domesticated animal have died as a result of the severe winter, however the number could be as great as 5 million.

PAKISTAN (drought) The ENS reported that three years of poor rains has resulted in low water levels and caused more than 100 deaths in the Balochistan province.

PARAGUAY (drought) OCHA reported that drought affected northern parts of the country, in particular the Departments of Concepcion, San Pedro and Chaco Central, has affected some 15,000 people and 11,307 ha of crops.

SOUTH AFRICA (flood) The Daily Mail and Guardian reported that the several weeks of disastrous flooding throughout southern Africa did have certain benefits for the Kruger Park by removing silt build-up resulting from dams and excess vegetation.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 3/27/00 - 3/31/00

CYPRUS (drought) KIBRIS reported that Cyprus is currently experiencing its worst drought in 27 years. HORN OF AFRICA (drought) According to media reports, the UN warned that between 12 and 16 million people in northeastern Africa are threatened by drought that has affected much of the region for nearly two years. The BBC reported that in the city of Gode, Ethiopia, 95%of the inhabitants cattle have perished or been killed as a result of the drought.

MOROCCO (drought) The North Africa Journal reported that drought has left the country's 60 some reservoirs at half the normal capacity. A substantial portion of the remaining water will reportedly be dedicated to irrigation. It was also reported that Moroccan Prime Minister, Abderahman Youssoufi, is believed to soon announce assistance measures for Moroccan farmers, following a FF100 million donation from France.

SOUTHERN AFRICA (flood) USAID reported that the total number of people affected in southern Africa by the recent floods at some 4 million. Official fatality estimates were reported at 1,000.

SOUTH AFRICA (flood) SAPA reported that damage caused by the February and March floods in South Africa is currently estimated at around R2.5 billion, but this amount is still expected to rise.

UNITED STATES (storms, tornadoes) Heavy rains, winds, hail, and a half dozen tornadoes reportedly affected parts of the southeast U.S. on Thursday March 30th, 2000. Minor injuries and utility outages were reported. Images of the storm are available in Thursday's daily report of the NOAA-NESDIS OSEI located at: http;//

UNITED STATES (tornadoes) Two tornadoes affecting Fort Worth Texas on Tuesday evening have left 5 people dead, 100 buildings destroyed, and another 1,000 damaged. Four people dired form tornadoes and one form hail. Affected structures include high-rise buildings. Damage to Tarrant County is expected to exceed $450 million USD. FBI agents were also reportedly looking through rubble to insure sensitive documents were not blown outside of their building. More information is available at Climate Watch-March 2000 .

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