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Selected Global Extreme Information

Climate Information Project (CIP): December 2000-Last Updated January 4th, 2001


(Courtesy of NOAA Office of Global Programs)

The Rapid Response Project (RRP) has been reformed as the Climate Information Project (CIP). The weekly summaries of climate-weather impacts, monthly summaries of climate conditions, and all other previous RRP activities will be continued under the CIP.

*The information provided in the CIP updates are gathered from a variety of wire and news sources as well as country and international agency reports. It does not necessarily reflect the focus or interest of NOAA's Office of Global Programs and is meant only as source of condensed information.

** All products of the CIP are archived at: Climate Information Project

See the CIP map version of U.S. Impacts

Climate Information Project: The summaries are broken down into several reports.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/01/00

CUBA (drought) The EFE via COMTEX reported that according to officials, the drought that swept the island this year is largely responsible for the decline in this year’s sugar production. Production of sugar, the islands most important industry – accounting for a reported 43% of Cuban exports – will reportedly fall short of last year’s harvest of 4.047 million tons.

CYPRUS (storm) Reuters reported that a severe storm continued to hit Cyprus on Wednesday (Nov 29th) , causing roads and homes to become flooded. Heavy rains and strong winds began Monday, and according to the meteorological office, 94mm of rain fell within a 3 day period. Cyprus has reportedly been suffering from long dry spells since 1996.

INDIA (cyclone) Various media sources reported that the cyclone that hit the Cuddalore coast in Tamil Nadu Wednesday (Nov 29th) killed 6 individuals and uprooted trees and electric poles. One individual reportedly drowned in the Nagapattinam district, and another in the Thanjavur district. Three deaths reportedly occurred in Tiruvallur and one occurred in Tiruvarur. Thousands of acres of paddy crops became inundated in the Sirkali and Papanasam areas, and on Wednesday Indian authorities reported that 43 fishermen had been missing at seas since Sunday. As of November 30th, the following amounts of rainfall were reported, Colerron 235mm; Sirkali 201mm; Lower Anicut 110mm; Nagapattinam 87mm; Manalmedu 168mm; Papanasam 120mm and Mayiladuthurai 88mm.

INDONESIA (flood) Various media sources reported that flooding spread to Manado - a city in the country’s Northern Sulawesi province – killing 5 individuals and inundating dozens of homes. According to the afternoon Suara Pembaruan Daily, the flooding is the worst the province has experienced since the 1940’s. The height of the water in Manado city reportedly reached 1-3 metres, 30,000 locals were forced to flee their homes and the transportation line between Manado and Gorontalo was totally cut off. In addition, a landslide hit Lungowan village in the district of Minahasa and the state Antara New Agency reported that 2 rivers, the Sario and Tondano, broke their banks. On Sumatra Island, an estimated 170 people have reportedly died.

MOLDOVA (cyclone) The Itar-Tass reported Wednesday (nov 29th) that the Prime Minister estimated the cost of restoration to power and communication lines that were damaged by a violent cyclone, at 4 million dollars. Hundreds of kilometers of power lines were reportedly torn and covered with ice after 2 days of rains, winds and frost. More than 400 settlements were reportedly without power and communication.

PAKISTAN (drought) OCHA reported that the on-going severe drought situation in Pakistan this year has had the most severe affect on certain sectors of Sindh and most of Balochistan. The drought has resulted in more than 140 deaths while affecting 2.2 million people in the two provinces.

PHILIPPINES (storm) Various media sources reported that according to officials, tropical storm Rumbia hit the southern Philippine island of Mindanao Thursday (30th) , causing flooding and forcing hundreds of families to flee their homes. The storm reportedly packed winds of 84mph, more than 600 families in southern Suriago city were forced to seek shelter, and 9 towns were flooded in northern Mindanao. According to the Office of Civil Defense, the electricity was knocked out in all of Suriago city, and power outages were reported in neighbouring areas. One person is reportedly missing.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/04/00

INDONESIA (flood) Various media sources have reported that days of torrential rains have caused heavy flooding and landslides in parts of eastern Indonesia. According to officials on Saturday (2nd), 14 individuals have died in the North Sulawesi province and others are missing. The Jakarta Post reported that some 10,000 people had their homes buried, washed away or destroyed by the floods and landslides. According to the Antara News Agency, flash floods also forced thousands to evacuate from their homes on the eastern island of Sumbawa Sunday. Tropical storms also reportedly hit the eastern Moluccas islands Sunday (3rd).

PHILIPPINES (storm) The AP reported that according to officials, tropical storm Rumbia left 12 people dead and 7 people missing. As of Saturday (2nd), more than 4,100 individuals remained in temporary shelters, and more than 1,700 homes and several bridges were damaged or destroyed by the flooding and landslides.

TANZANIA (flood) Various media sources reported that heavy rains caused flash flooding in northwestern Tanzania Friday (1st) afternoon. Twenty-six people died, 17 were injured and others are missing after the Mirongo River on the east side of the town of Mwanza flooded. At least 20 homes were reportedly destroyed by the floodwaters.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/06/00

INDONESIA (flood)-Update The Xinhua reported that according to local officials, flooding on Sumbawa island of Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province has resulted in 9 deaths. The flooding began last weekend and has reportedly destroyed or washed away at least 42 homes. According to reports, thousands of individuals have been left homeless. OCHA has reported that estimates of the damage and losses to infrastructure and roads caused by the flooding and landslides in West Sumatra and Aceh are IDR 300 billion (34 million US) and IDR 36 billion (4 million US) respectively. In the West Sumatra region of Malalo, 7 people have reportedly died and 14 are missing. In the region of Pariaman, 6 individuals have reportedly died and more than 6,000 are displaced. In addition, 20 individuals have died in both the North Sumatra and Aceh provinces.

MONGOLIA (temperature extreme) The Xinhua reported that according to emergency officials, freezing weather and heavy snow have destroyed acres of pasture land, forcing one million heads of livestock from Ovorkhangai Province to be located to warmer regions. According to the head of the Mongolian National Emergency Committee, 90% of the territory in the western provinces is steeped in 20-30cm of snow and the average night temperature has dropped to -39C. By the end of November, at least 15,000 head of livestock had been killed by cold weather.

TANZANIA (flood)-Update Various media sources have reported that 36 individuals have died, 600 have been left homeless and hundreds are missing as a result of the flooding in the Mwanza area in the country’s north. The torrential rains are reportedly the heaviest the country has seen in the past 8 years.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/08/00

BRITAIN (storm) Various media sources reported that 2 individuals have died as heavy storms caused further flooding and another mudslide. According to the Environment Agency, severe flood warnings are in place for 5 rivers – meaning there is an imminent danger to life and property. In addition, there are lesser flood warnings in effect for 152 rivers across central and southwestern England and Wales. Road and rail transportation has reportedly been disrupted.

KENYA (drought) The Xinhua reported that 5 million Kenyans are facing starvation as a result of the persistent drought in many parts of the country.

PORTUGAL (storm) The Xinhua reported that 4 people have been reported missing following a heavy rainstorm that hit Portugal late Wednesday (6th) causing flooding. Winds speeding up to 100km/h reportedly accompanied the downpour, causing landslides, destroying homes and paralyzing transportation in several mid-north Portuguese cities including Lisbon. The heavy rains also reportedly caused several rivers to overflow, forcing schools to close and many individuals to become displaced.

SPAIN (storm) Media sources reported that 3 individuals have died in Spain as a result of storms that lashed northern Spain.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/13/00

FLOODS (England, Wales, France)- Update Media sources reported that according to the UK Environment Agency on Wednesday, 18 severe flood warnings were in force on rivers in England and Wales. In addition, 134 lesser flood warnings were reportedly in place around the country. In France, dozens of homes were reportedly evacuated in the Finistere region of western Brittany after the highest flood waters in decades. Between 10 and 40 properties were reportedly flooded in areas along the River Tieffe in southern England, and in Wales property was reportedly flooded in New Tredegar and Aberfan.

INDONESIA (landslide)- Update The AFP reported that according to disaster relief officials on Wednesday (13th) , 7 individuals have died and 7 more are feared dead, after two separate landslides in central Java Island. Six individuals reportedly died after being buried in mud in the village of Banjarasri late Monday, and a seventh is still missing. A second landslide, that followed heavy rains, struck 4 homes in the nearby village of Banjaroyo killing at least 1 individual and burying 6 others who remain missing. In addition, a mud avalanche in the Purwoharjo area reportedly caused a power blackout and traffic disruptions. Heavy rains that have caused extensive flooding and landslides in Sumatra and Sulawesi islands have resulted in more than 100 deaths in the past month.

MOLDOVA (storm) OCHA reported that from November 26th-28th northern Moldova was severely hit by a storm that included heavy rains and frost. In the worst-off regions, a layer of ice approximately 1.5cm thick covered tree branches and telephone and electricity cables. According to the Civil Protection and Emergency Situations Department, 546 villages were affected including the counties of Orhei, Soroca, Edinets, Chisinau, Ungheni, Balti and adjacent parts of Transnistria. As of December 7th, 356 communities remained entirely deprived of electricity, and as of December 6th the total damage was reportedly estimated at MDL 255,000,000, or approximately 20.8 million dollars.

SOUTH AFRICA (storm) Business Day reported that continuous rains over large parts of the country are beginning to pose problems for planting and harvesting. In addition, flooding has reportedly occurred in parts of KwaZulu-Natal, the Eastern Cape and Mpumalanga since rains began on Friday.

UZBEKISTAN (drought) OCHA reported that the drought-affected regions of Karakalpakistan and Khozerm have suffered substantial losses to rice and cotton crops, and major losses to other food, horticultural and cash crops. The livestock sector also reportedly suffered from loss of fodder and shortage of drinking water.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/14/00

AUSTRALIA (cyclone) Reuters reported that 163 illegal immigrants are feared drowned after two boats left Indonesia last week, and headed for Ashmore Islands – an outcrop of reefs approximately 600km off Australia’s remote northwest. The two boats, one reportedly carrying 87 individuals and the other carrying 80, were most likely caught in Tropical Cyclone Sam, which hit Australia’s northwest shore last Friday after being upgraded to a category 5 storm. A Japanese tanker reportedly picked up four survivors.

CANADA (snow) The Xinhua reported that snowstorms that have affected much of southern Ontario and Quebec, including Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal, have caused numerous flights to be cancelled and many schools to close so far this week.

UNITED STATES (snow) Various media sources reported that more than 200,000 homes and businesses in Arkansas and Texas were without electricity after Wednesday’s ice storms caused power lines to fall. Across the country slick roads and heavy snow reportedly caused at least 10 traffic deaths, including 5 in Indiana, and various interstates and roads were closed. On Wednesday, hundreds of flights were reportedly cancelled in and out of St. Louis, Dallas-Fort-Worth, Chicago, Memphis, Little Rock, Tulsa and Oklahoma City. In addition, flights had been cancelled in and out of these airports earlier in the week, as well as in and out of LaGuardia, Newark and Boston. Hundreds of schools were reportedly closed as a result of the storms in Michigan, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Louisiana and Illinois, and on Tuesday, more than 300,000 homes and businesses lost power in Ohio, where wind gust reached 80mph. In Pennsylvania, more than 250,000 customers reportedly lost electricity, and thousands more were without power in West Virginia, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts and Connecticut.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/15/00

CANADA (snow) Media sources reported that a woman died on Thursday (14th) after the roof of a mall in Sarnia collapsed under the weight of heavy snow. Two winter storms have dumped 16-20 inches of snow over the region since Monday (11th).

FIJI (storm) OCHA reported that a tropical depression crossed the Fiji Islands from December 6th-12th, causing gusting winds, thunderstorms and bands of continuous heavy rainfall. Rivers reportedly burst their banks, flooding low-lying areas, and 2 individuals drowned and 2 others remain missing at sea. In Western Division, roads, bridges and sugar can mills were reportedly closed in Ba, Lautoka and Rakiraki districts. Water and power supplies were reportedly affected in parts of Tavua and Ra, and in Central Division, roads and bridges were submerged in Korovou and Vunidawa, and power was disrupted in Korovou. Minor landslides reportedly occurred during the storms, as did damage to root crops and other vegetables.

IRAN (drought) OCHA reported that a meager 140mm of rain, well below the annual average of 260mm, has fallen on the country this year, resulting in the second consecutive year of drought, and the worst drought since 1964. The drought has reportedly affected approximately 37 million people in 18 of 28 provinces - more than 50% of the population. The hardest hit areas are reportedly in the southern, central and eastern provinces, and government estimates have put the total damage at 3.5 billion dollars. Approximately 80% of the drinking water wells have been running dry, the water table has dropped, salt water has seeped into the drinking water supply and some areas are experiencing total drought. According to the Iranian Minister for Energy, per capita water resources have fallen more than 75% over the past 44 years, and according to the FAO, the estimate for wheat production this year is reportedly 8 million tons, some 700,000 tons less than last year’s drought reduced crop, and approximately 2 million tons below the five-year average. In addition, some 800,000 animals are dying of starvation or disease, and the drying up of lakes, rivers and pastures has forced rural populations to seek refuge in urban areas.

MOLDOVA (storm) OCHA reported that as a result of the severe storm that hit Moldova in late November, 3,402 km of power lines, 42,174 power transmission towers and poles, 6,995 communication lines and 2,715 poles have been damaged or destroyed. The economic loss is estimated to be 370.426 million Lei, or 31.6 million dollars.

UKRAINE (extreme temperature) OCHA reported that a severe cold wave hit the territory of the Ukraine at the beginning of December, and that prior to the cold event a severe ice storm hit the northwestern region of the Ukraine on November 27th. Twelve Oblasts of the northwestern region are reportedly affected – Vinnitcka, Odeska, Khmelnitcka, Mykolaivska, Kirovogradska, Cherkaska, Chernivetska, Ternopil’ska, Kyivska, Rivenska, Ghitomirska, and Khersonska. The initial government cost assessment of damage is reportedly UAH 655 million, or 120 million dollars. In addition, as of December 12th 2,020 settlements are still without power – initially 4,977 settlements were without power.

UNITED KINGDOM (flood)- Update The BBC reported that the swollen river Severn at Gloucester flooded more than 30 properties on Thursday (14th). Across the United Kingdom there are reportedly 12 severe flood warnings in place – down from 14 on Thursday after the danger decreased on the Ems and Lavant in west Sussex. Eighty-five flood alerts also reportedly remain in place.

UNITED STATES (snow)-update Reuters reported that a result of the storms that hit earlier this week, 156,000 households in Arkansas and approximately 130,000 households in Texas were still without power on Thursday (14th).

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/18/00

INDIA (drought) Reuters reported that drought and heavy crop loss in the eastern state of Orissa might lead to starvation. Orissa reportedly received 30% less rainfall than normal this year, and rain fed rivers such as the Mahanadi, Tel and Jong have little water.

UNITED STATES (storm) Various media sources reported that a variety of winter storms hit many regions of the United States over the weekend – details below: Alabama – 12 dead in a tornado and band of storms that hit on Saturday. The tornado was rated an F-4 (207-260mph winds) on a scale that reaches F-5, and is reportedly the single strongest to hit Tuscaloosa County in 50 years. Twenty-two thousand utility company customers were still reportedly without electricity on Sunday – down from 50,000 initially. In addition, trees were uprooted, dozens of people injured, and at least 100 homes were damaged in Tuscaloosa alone. Colorado – blowing snow and gusts up to 60 mph resulted in a portion of Interstate 70 being closed. Indiana – a wind chill that reached 30 degrees below 0 early Sunday is believed to be responsible for the death of a man found near Interstate 65, it appears he died from exposure. Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut & New Hampshire – wind gusts up to 50 mph and heavy rains led to power outages and flooding. Michigan – up to 9.5 inches of snow led to the collapse of a section of a hotel roof near Flint. Montana – bitterly cold temperatures weakened the snow pack, and 2 snowmobilers died in an avalanche Sunday. New Jersey & New York – heavy rains resulted in a declaration of emergency in 10 communities. In Albany, NY where 4.69 inches of rain fell at the airport in the 24 hours before 1pm Sunday, city schools were closed on Monday. In New Jersey, at least 9,000 people were without power on Sunday (17th) . Tennessee, Mississippi & Georgia – trees came down and floods and power outages occurred as a band of storms hit the region on Saturday and Sunday. Texas & Louisiana – approximately 21,000 homes in Shreveport, LA and 15,500 homes in Longview and Marshall, TX were still without power on Sunday. They lost power during the ice storm that affected the region last week. Wyoming – storm influenced traffic accidents led to the closing of parts of Interstate 80, U.S. 30 and U.S. 85.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/20/00

BRAZIL (flood/mudslide) The AP reported that according to civil defense officials, 2 days of heavy rains triggered floods and mudslides, resulting in 13 deaths and forcing more than 2,000 individuals to flee their homes in southeastern Brazil. Rains pounded the states of Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo. Espirito Santo was the worst hit as 7 people died after a mudslide reportedly hit their hillside shantytown. Another mudslide reportedly killed 4 people on the outskirt of the capital city of Belo Horizonte in Minas Gerais, and one individual drowned. In addition, 1 person drowned in the beach resort of Guaruja.

UNITED STATES (storm) The AP reported that as a result of the winter storm that hit Arkansas last Tuesday and Wednesday (12th & 13th) , 10,400 homes and business were still without power yesterday – Tuesday December 19th. Property damage from the storm is reportedly more than 10 million dollars, not including losses suffered to the state’s electric utilities, and 14 individuals have reportedly died.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/27/00

BRAZIL (mudslide) The AP reported that 3 individuals died, and 2 roads were blocked on Christmas day in southern Brazil after heavy rains caused mudslides. The 3 deaths occurred after homes collapsed on Sunday night in the city of Alto Feliz. Flooding has also reportedly washed away parts of a major state highway near Port Alegre.

CUBA (flood) The AP reported that heavy weekend rains resulted in the deaths of 2 individuals, and caused damage to at least 135 homes in Havana’s older neighbourhoods. During the 24-hour period beginning at 8am Saturday, an average of 175.6mm or 6.9 inches of rain fell on the Cuban capital. The worst damage is reportedly in the neighbourhood of Old Havana and Central Havana.

EUROPE (snow) CNN reported that according to police in Berlin, heavy snowfall caused 400 car accidents to occur in the capital on Christmas day. Heavy snow in northern Italy also reportedly caused numerous accidents, and heavy snow has also been reported in various regions of Germany including the Schleswig-Holstein, Sauerland, Hamburg and Bremen areas.

KENYA (drought) UNIRIN reported that according to the Arid Lands Resource Management Project (ALRMP) more than 40% of Kenya’s cattle and 10-20% of Kenya’s sheep and goats have been lost during the current drought. The most severely affected areas cover approximately two-thirds of Kenya’s land mass and include 22 districts. The worst hit districts are reportedly Turkana, Marsabit, Mandera and Samburu in the north, and the Wajir and Isiolo districts in the north central region.

MOROCCO (flood) Reuters reported that floods swept away at least 6 people and damaged numerous houses in the northern area of Tetouan. According to the National Meteorological station, heavy rains began falling in Morocco on (22nd) Friday, dumping up to 75mm of rain per day on Tangiers and Tetouan provinces.

RUSSIA (cyclone) The ITAR-TASS reported that the cyclone that hit Sakhalin Island in Russia’s far east for two days over the weekend (23-24th)left 10 districts damaged. Electricity supplies were reportedly disrupted in many areas, and the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk airport was closed on Sunday resulting in a full disconnection of air service between the island and the mainland.

SRI LANKA (cyclone) Various media sources reported that the cyclone that hit the northeastern coast of Sri Lanka on (26th) Tuesday affected more than 50,000 families. The cyclone reportedly struck Sri Lanka between then towns of Trincommalee and Mullaittivu. Families in the districts of Trincommalee, Batticaloa and Ampara were reportedly left homeless and displaced, and telephone and electricity service to these three districts was completely disrupted. Other affected areas on the east coast include Valachchenai, Mamunai and Ohamavadi. The fishing village of Pulmudai was reportedly destroyed, and between one and three individuals reportedly died.

UNITED STATES (snow) Various media sources reported that a variety of winter storms have hit many regions of the United States since last (22nd) Thursday – for details please see the CIP UPDATE OF NATIONAL CLIMATE-WEATHER IMPACTS REPORTED 12.27.00 at

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/28/00

ARGENTINA & URUGUAY (storm) The AP reported that one individual died and several people were injured after powerful thunderstorms and winds hit Argentina and Uruguay (26th) Tuesday night. Winds were reportedly gusting to 80 mph.

INDIA & SRI LANKA (cyclone) Various media sources reported that the cyclone that hit Sri Lanka on (26th) Tuesday hit India’s southern coast with winds up to 130kph early Thursday. Heavy rains reportedly fell in the Tuticorin region of Tamil Nadu state. Official figures reportedly indicate that 74,957 families have been left homeless in the Sri Lankan districts of Ampara, Batticaloa, Anuradhapura, Trinacomalee, Mannar and Polonnaruwa.

IRELAND (snow) The BBC reported that several roads in Northern Ireland have become completely blocked as a result of the region receiving its heaviest snowfall in 18 years. In addition, a number of airports have been closed over the past day.

SCOTLAND (snow) The BBC reported that Glasgow airport was forced to shut down at 0530 GMT on (28th) Thursday as a result of heavy snowfall. The airport reportedly reopened at 1425, but delays are still expected. Heavy snowfall has affected much of western and southern Scotland, causing travel problems in many regions including Dumfries, Galloway, Glasgow, Ayrshire, Argyll and parts of Stirlingshire.

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