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Selected Global Extreme Information

Climate Information Project (CIP): August 2000-Last Updated Sepotember 6th, 2000


(Courtesy of NOAA Office of Global Programs)

The Rapid Response Project (RRP) has been reformed as the Climate Information Project (CIP). The weekly summaries of climate-weather impacts, monthly summaries of climate conditions, and all other previous RRP activities will be continued under the CIP.

*The information provided in the CIP updates are gathered from a variety of wire and news sources as well as country and international agency reports. It does not necessarily reflect the focus or interest of NOAA's Office of Global Programs and is meant only as source of condensed information.

** All products of the CIP are archived at:

Climate Information Project: The summaries are broken down into several reports.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/04/00

CUBA (drought) According to the EFE via COMTEX the past eight months have brought severe drought to Cuba's eastern provinces and conditions are expected to worsen. A special bulletin reported that rainfall levels are expected to drop below record-breaking lows in Cuba's eastern and central provinces during the months of August, September and October. According to meteorologists most of the island is currently affected by the drought, but the areas suffering the most are the provinces of Pinar del Rio, Havana especially the south -, Camaguey, Granma, Holguin and Santiago, as well as 2 municipalities in Guantanamo. The weather center attached to Cuba's Meteorological Institute has reported that the drought is comparable in extent and duration to the droughts of 1986, 1993 and 1998.

INDIA (floods) Media sources reported that torrential rains that began Tuesday morning caused the Sutlej River to overflow its banks resulting in at least 105 deaths in the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Many more individuals are missing or presumed dead, 1,000 homes washed away and 30 bridges along a 180 miles stretch of the river have been damaged. The preliminary damage estimate is $238 million including damages to phone lines, apple orchards, rice paddies, roads, hotels and tourist offices. The four affected regions are Mandi, Kullu, Shimla and Kinnaur, which lie at the foothills of the Himalayas.

IRAN (drought) Reuters reported that Iran is suffering from its worst drought in 30 years with conditions likely to worsen over the next few months as rain is not expected until November. Reuters reported that according to a UN report more than half of Iran's population of 60 million has been affected. In addition, 2.8 million tons of wheat crops and 280,000 tons of barley have been destroyed while 800,000 animals have died of malnutrition and disease. The UN report also indicated that lakes and reservoirs have dried up disrupting water flow in 70% of rural areas. Officials estimate that the damages caused by the drought are several billion dollars.

UNITED STATES (wildfire) Various media sources reported that more fires have ignited in the west as a result of ndry strikes of lightning. More than 3.5 million acres have burned this year, and according to the National Weather Service the existing conditions could make this the worst fire season in 30 years. The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimated on Wednesday that 300 million dollars have been spent battling this years blazes, with the costs increasing as nearly 15 million dollars are being spent daily to support the 20, 000 civilian and military firefighters from 46 states and Canada. Major fires continue to exist in Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah and Wyoming. Further help may be requested from Mexico and Australia in order to ensure enough firefighters.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/11/00

ARMENIA (drought) The Itar-Tass reported on Wednesday that according to the Agricultural Minister drought has killed most crops and caused tremendous damage estimated at 40 million dollars U.S. Seventy percent of grain, as well as fodder crops, vegetables, watermelons, melons and gourds, potatoes and 172,000 hectares of pastures have reportedly been destroyed as a result of dry weather and lack of rain. The drought reportedly began in mid-June and has lasted until August.

CAMBODIA (flood) OCHA reported that 11 of 19 provinces have been affected by flooding as a result of heavy rains and storms. The affected provinces are Stung Treng, Kratie, Kompong Cham, Koh Kong, Kompong Thom, Siem Reap, Oudor Meanchey, Prey Veng, Takeo, Svay Rieng and Kandal. The Municipality of Phnom Penh has also been affected. According to the Cambodian Government as of August 8th 15 people had died, 5,629 had been evacuated and 45,214 families or 183,191 people had been affected. In addition, 53,531 hectares of rice and subsidiary crop fields have reportedly been flooded, while 63, 354 hectares of crop fields have been destroyed.

CHINA (drought) The Xinhua reported on Wednesday that the severe drought in China's northeastern province of Jilan is the worst seen in the history of the region, and has resulted in cuts to grain output by 5 billion kg. According to the provincial vice governor 3.265 million hectares of crops have been affected with 976,000 hectares of farmland producing nothing, resulting in 6.59 billion yuan in direct economic losses. According to an investigation the amount of farmland affected by the drought accounts for 74% of the province's total farmland.

CHINA (flood) The Xinhua reported that 203 individuals have died in parts of the Shaanxi Province in northwest China as a result of floods, landslides and mudslides. The six heavy rains that have hit the region since the onset of this years flood season have caused a total economic loss of 1.43 billion yuan, or 172 million dollars U.S. According to local flood control officials 203 people have died, 20,000 houses have collapsed, 4,000 hectares of farmland have been destroyed and 18,000 people have been left homeless in the 8 cities or counties that have received the heaviest rains since mid-July.

CHINA (typhoon) Media sources reported that according to the Zhejiang Provincial Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters typhoon Jelawat hit China's eastern port of Ningbo Thursday (10th) at 7:30pm local time (11:30GMT). The typhoon packed winds of up to 90mph and has caused traffic problems in China's largest city of Shanghai. Airports and shipping ports were closed on Thursday in Ningbo, and the shipping routes from the Shanghai Port have also been forced to close. In addition, 7 flights have been re-routed from Pudong International Airport to Hongqiao International Airport. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

CUBA (drought)-update EFE via COMTEX reported on Wednesday (9th) that according to officials the drought in the eastern Cuban province of Guantanamo has intensified causing authorities to declare a state of emergency. Authorities reported that the drought has worsened in recent months as the region received only 23mm of rain (0.9in) during July. Local reservoirs and dams have reportedly been depleted to 5 million cubic metres (176 million cubic feet) of water, out of a total capacity of 17 million cubic metres (599 million cubic feet). By late July only half of the average rainfall for the first seven months of the year had fallen in the region between Guantanamo's southern semi-desert coasts and the SaguaMoa-Baracoa mountain range.

ETHIOPIA (flood) The BBC reported that according to local officials approximately 5,000 inhabitants have been stranded for nearly 3 days as a result of flooding. The Awash River overflowed its banks inundating 6 communities in the Dubti district in Ethiopia's Afar region. Local administration had built a 7metre embankment to prevent flooding, but following the record high water levels of nearly 9metres, flooding resulted. A full week of extraordinarily heavy rain preceded the flooding, and 500 hectares of cotton fields were reportedly damaged.

INDIA (landslide) Reuters reported that a string of landslides left 36 dead and more than 50 missing in the Himalayan foothills of northern India on Friday. The landslides followed monsoon flooding that has been affecting north and northeastern India as well as Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

IRAN (flood) Reuters reported on Wednesday that floods caused by torrential rains have left at least 10 dead in northeastern Iran this week. According to the Kayhan daily seven individuals died in 2 villages in Samalqan, in the Northern Khorasan province. Three brothers also died as they attempted to rescue their sheep from a flooded barn. The unseasonal rain occurred in the midst of a severe drought, managing to damage farms and destroy crops in Khorasan.

NEPAL (flood) OCHA reported that according to the Ministry of Home Affairs floods and landslides have hit most districts of the country. As of August 8th 98 people have reportedly died, 13 are missing, 65 injured, 6,448 families have been affected, and 948 houses have been completely destroyed, while 759 houses have been partially destroyed.

UNITED STATES (fire) Media sources have reported that in this worst fire season in 50 years more than 4.3 million acres have already burned. In Montana the public has been barred from the western Montana forests an area slightly larger than New Hampshire and fire fighters from Canada, New Zealand and Australia are en route to help in the Bitterroot fires. Nearly 1,000 individuals have left their homes in Montana and authorities report that more than 50 residences have burned. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

UZBEKISTAN (drought) OCHA reported that drought has caused the failure of most rice crops, as only half of the lands selected for rice could be cultivated. In addition, there are inadequate water supplies for the winter wheat crop and in some areas water for domestic use is unavailable. Cotton, the country's main cultivation crop has also suffered as a result of the drought.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/14/00

CANADA (fire) Reuters reported that according to a provincial fire information officer approximately 300 wildfires are burning in a wide area in southeast British Columbia, near the Montana border. According to the officer the fires were triggered by 2,000 lightning strikes that occurred during a storm on Thursday. 1,730 acres have reportedly been destroyed along popular camping and hiking routes, and approximately 500 firefighters are battling the blaze.

ETHIOPIA (flood)-Update PANA reported that according to the national television 9 people have died and more than 30,000 are homeless as a result of flooding that occurred in the Danakil Lowlands of north-east central Ethiopia. The TV report indicated that the Awash River broke its banks at the weekend and inundated a wide area of the Dubti Woreda district in the Afrar regional state. More than 5,000 heads of cattle, goats and sheep also died and 2,000 dwelling houses were damaged according to the TV report.

JORDAN (drought) The BBC reported on Sunday that as a result of the severe regional drought in Jordan Syria has begun pumping 60,000 cubic metres of water a day into Jordan. The water is being pumped from the Basil al-Assad dam in southern Syria to the King Adbullah dam in Jordan via the Yarmouck River on the border between the two countries, and will continue for two months.

UNITED STATES (drought) The AP reported that according to the program director for coastal fisheries with the state Department of Natural Resources, drought in the state of Georgia has caused increased salinity in the ocean's coastal waters leading to a reduction in the number of shrimp catches. The shrimp are reportedly remaining in tidal pools and coastal creeks where the salinity is less, and therefore shrimp trawlers cannot get to them. The AP also reported that the shrimp catches of other drought-stricken southeast states, such as Florida and South Carolina, might suffer for the same reason.

UNITED STATES (fire) According to the AP the Montana University System told student firefighters on Friday that they could report for fall classes three weeks late if they stay on the fire lines. The AP also reported that a firefighter died as his truck was engulfed by the fire he was fighting on Friday in Wyoming. In addition, a pilot was killed on Sunday as his helicopter crashed while making water drops on a wildfire. The pilot was the eighth firefighter killed fighting U.S. wildfires this year. More than 4.7 million acres have already burned, and as of Sunday 76 major fires were burning in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington and Wyoming according to the AP.

UNITED STATES (flood) Media sources report that torrential rains on Saturday resulted in up to 14 inches of rain in the area around Sparta, New Jersey. According to the county health and public safety commissioner approximately 166 million dollars worth of damage occurred in Sussex county. Three dams and 4 concrete bridges were reportedly swept away, while numerous roads were damaged by the flooding around Sparta. The deputy coordinator of emergency management reported that an estimated 7 million dollars worth of damage occurred in Morris county, including damage to 200 homes and 30 businesses. The New Jersey state police reported that 175 people were evacuated, mainly from Sussex county, on Saturday. A spokesperson for GPU Energy reported that at the height of the storm 10,000 outages existed, while on Sunday 500 homes were still without power. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/17/00

KENYA (drought) The Xinhua reported on Tuesday (15th) that according to the Daily Nation newspaper more than 6,000 farmers have invaded parts of the Kenyan national reserve Mount Kenya Forest due to severe drought. The Daily Nation reported that an estimated 10,000 acres deep in the forest had been cultivated, threatening enormous environmental degradation to the region, which is a leading water catchment area. Severe and prolonged drought has dried up crops and pastures in much of east Africa, and 3 million people are reportedly at risk of starvation in Kenya.

KENYA (flood) The Nation reported on Wednesday (16th) that flash floods in the Bahati Division, Nakuru District drowned 6 sheep and 10 chickens as well as destroying several houses. The floods reportedly swept down the Arahuka and Mutukanio hills and opened a 10 metre deep crevice along a 4km stretch in the Kirima area. Maize crops in the low-lying plantations were flattened, while hailstones reportedly shredded maize leaves in the higher areas. According to a meteorologist, Nakuru received 13.4 millimetres of rain on Monday.

NEPAL (landslide) The AP reported that according to officials, workers had to dodge mudslides on Wednesday (16th) to clear mud and stones blocking more than 650 feet of the Prithvi Highway 50 miles west of Katmandu. The highway reportedly links Katmandu with the rest of Nepal and became blocked on Friday after heavy rains triggered landslides. According to the Home Minister more than 110 have died, 11 are still missing and the homes of 8,600 families have been damaged or destroyed in past few weeks as a result of floods and landslides triggered by monsoon rains.

UGANDA (drought) The Xinhua reported that The Monitor daily reported on Tuesday (15th) that more than 2,000 Ugandans in the northeast region, which is suffering from persisting drought, crossed into Kenya in search of food.

UNITED STATES (fires) Reuters reported that Montana's governor has declared his state a disaster area, and that according to officials 86 wildfires continue to burn across 13 western states. A reported 2,900 U.S. regular military, National Guard and Reserve Troops are reinforcing the 20,000 firefighters battling the blazes. A spokesman for the National Interagency Fire Centre, in Boise Idaho reported that more than 1 million acres are burning across the country, which is more than double the 10-year average. So far this year a reported 4.98 million acres have burned.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/21/00

INDIA (flood) The Daily News reported that on Saturday officials reported that heavy monsoon rains submerged new areas in the flood stricken state of Assam, located in northeastern India. According to a flood control room statement early Saturday, the Brahmaputra River and its tributaries experienced a rising trend since midnight, and 77.4mm of rain fell over the past 12 hours. On Saturday officials of flood-hit state of Bihar reported that 11 more deaths occurred from drowning. Water-borne diseases have reportedly killed 20 individuals in Assam in the past week, fueling fears of epidemics. The AP reported that a bus with more than 60 passengers was swept away by the swollen Banas River on Friday night. According to the news agency, Press Trust of India, police were quoted as saying that only 7 of the passengers were able to swim to safety. The floods in India have reportedly killed more than 100 people, while leaving approximately 4.5 million individuals homeless, and a reported 230 people have died in the past month in India, Bhutan and Bangladesh as a result of the flooding.

UNITED STATES (drought) The AP reported that in South Carolina Lowcountry blue crab catch is down one-third as a result of the drought. Dry conditions have reportedly caused marshes near the ocean to dry up, forcing freshwater crabs to move further up estuary creeks, which makes them harder to catch. Normally fishermen haul 15 bushels of crabs per day, however the drought has reportedly caused the daily yield to drop to 10 bushels.

UNITED STATES (drought) The AP reported that according to the state agriculture specialists, southwest Nebraska corn crops have been devastated and cattle producers statewide are being threatened by the on-going drought. The dry conditions have reportedly kept the alfalfa and hay yield for this year well below average. Many cattle ranchers therefore need to find an alternative to feed their cattle this winter. According to the Nebraska Agriculture Statistics Service 77% of the pastureland in Nebraska is presently rated as poor or very poor. A report released on Friday by the state Statistics Service reported that as of August 1st, more than 1.8 million cattle in Nebraska are on feed this year, and this figure is reportedly up 15% from August 1st of last year, and up 26% from 2 years ago.

UNITED STATES (drought) The AP reported that critical drought conditions have killed many trees. The trees reportedly become so brittle that their limbs snap, or they become so frail that they become easy prey for fungi and insects. Florida forestry officials estimate that the drought will affect up to 4 million trees this year. During a year of normal rainfall approximately 1 million trees die of disease or natural causes. The primary culprit is reportedly the southern pine beetle, which becomes more active in dry weather. The beetle has reportedly destroyed trees in both Florida and Georgia. In addition, the AP reported that the drought has made work easier for tree harvesting because the dry ground allows crews to extract timber from usually boggy areas. Thus, they are reportedly able to take as much wood as they can sell. However, a now surplus of timber, and a recent decrease in the amount of home building and renovations has reportedly caused timber prices to reach their lowest point in a decade.

UNTITED STATES (fire) Various media sources reported that Wyoming's governor declared his state a disaster area on Friday. So far this year the wildfires have burned an area the size of the state of Massachusetts, and as of Sunday 98 major fires continued to burn in Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington and Wyoming according to the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

VIETNAM (flood) The Xinhua reported that according to the latest business newspaper, Vietnam Investment Review, Vietnam's rice exports are forecasted to be well below expectations following widespread flooding in the Mekong Delta this year. Planning officials from the Vietnam Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) reported that there is no hope of reaching the central government's target of exporting 4.3 million tons of rice this year. The final MARD forecast for rice exports is only 3.6 to 3.8 million tons, much less than the 4.5 million tons exported last year. Flooding in the Mekong Delta caused extensive crop losses to the region, which contributes 90% to Vietnam's rice export. Recent floods in the 3 largest rice producing provinces of the Mekong Delta - Long An, An Giang and Dong Thap - reportedly destroyed as estimated 50,000 hectares of rice. According to a preliminary estimate 300,000 tons of paddy, or 150,000 tons of rice, have been lost this year. The value of this loss has been reported as 3.6 million U.S. dollars.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/25/00

BULGARIA (fire) The BBC reported Friday (25th) that a state of emergency has been declared in 2 of Bulgaria's southern districts as nearly 70 wildfires have reportedly broken out in the past 24 hours. The fires are reportedly a result of an on-going heat wave and high winds.

CHINA (typhoon) Various media sources reported that according to the Beijing Morning Post the tornado triggered by typhoon Bilis that hit villages near the city of Yueqing in the eastern China province Zhejiang on Wednesday (23rd) morning damaged 612 buildings and destroyed more than 50 homes. In addition, the Post reported that 16 serious injuries and 31 slight injuries occurred, with an estimated damage figure of 443,000 dollars. Bilis reportedly dropped 220mm (8.7 inches) of rain on the coastal Fujian province. On Thursday (24th) officials reported that damage estimates for the coastal city of Fuzhou were 500 million yuan, or 69 million U.S. dollars, as 845 homes were destroyed, more than 4,500 trees were uprooted and power to many parts of the city was disrupted. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

CROATIA (fire) According to the Croatian Interior Minister (CIM) a loss of 150 million kuna, or 17.75 million dollars U.S., has occurred as a result of the hundreds of fires that have occurred this year. According to the CIM high temperatures and drought are responsible for the fires, and they are reportedly continuing to spread as a result of bad weather.

GREECE (fire) Various media sources reported that officials have declared a state of emergency for the southern Arcadia province as more than 80 wildfires burn out of control in Greece. Heat and high winds are reportedly responsible for fires that killed 2 people Thursday (24th) near the northern village of Aghia Marina, and 5 more individuals, in 3 other villages, on Friday (25th) . The blaze responsible for these deaths reportedly originated in Albania and had a front approximately 25 metres long. In addition, the fires in Arcadia have reportedly been burning for 5 days, and are threatening a hydroelectric plant as well as destroying thousands of hectares of forest and farmland, and engulfing numerous homes.

INDIA (flood) Various media sources reported that according to the Press Trust of India the death toll resulting from heavy rains and flash flooding has increased to 130 individuals as further reports of rain-related incidents pour in from around the state of Andhra Pradesh. The twin cities of Hyberabad and Secunderabad reportedly received 24cm of rain Wednesday (23rd) the highest amount in 46 years. The most affected districts are reportedly Hyberabad, Guntur, Medak, Nalgonda, Kurnool, Rangareddy, Warangal, Prakasam, Krishna and Cudappah, and destruction of crops and flooding of the Vijayawada-Madras Highway have reportedly occurred.

TAIWAN (typhoon) The BBC reported Friday that 5 individuals remain missing following typhoon Bilis arrival on Tuesday (22nd) night. According to officials Taiwan's agricultural sector has suffered more than 4bn Taiwan dollars, and the figure could rise. In addition, the Agricultural Council reported that some 98,000 acres of rice paddies and orchards have been flooded. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

THAILAND (storm) The Bangkok Post reported on Friday (25th) that flash floods resulting from depression Kaemi hit several Thai northeastern provinces yesterday (24th) . Surin was reportedly badly hit, with several of its areas inundated with floodwaters, and two villagers swept away by currents - their bodies have not been found. Heavy rains reportedly occurred over Tha Tum, Chom Phra, Samrong Thap, Sikhoraphum, Sangkha and Muang districts, and many evacuations occurred. In Ubon Ratchathani, 8 districts were reportedly inundated, many roads became impassable and hundred's of rai of farmland were submerged. In the Warin Chamrap district 4 homes were reportedly swept away, while 10 other homes and 2 temples were damaged. According to a report by the Local Administration Department's Civil Defense Division flooding killed 2 people in the Trat province, while a total of 19,632 lives were affected and 8,932 rai of farmland and 8,160 rai of fruit orchards were ruined. The initial damage estimate for this province was reportedly 179,355,460 baht. In Trang 855 people were reportedly affected, schools were closed, and thousands of rai of rubber plantations were damaged. In Nakhon Ratchasima 40,000 rai of agricultural areas were reportedly damaged. Kaemi will now reportedly enter the province of Maha Sarakham, and according to the Northeastern Meteorological Centre flooding will occur in 10 more provinces. Flash floods have reportedly been predicted in Mukdahan, Amnat, Charoen, Yasothon, Roi-Et, Kalasin, Maha Sarakham, Buri Ram, Surin, Si Sa Ket and Ubon Ratchathani. A total of 41,219 people in 6 coastal provinces have reportedly been affected by flash floods over the past 7 days. Much of the region has been wet the last two months.

UNITED STAES (fire) Various media sources reported that 14 fatalities, most involving aircrafts used in firefighting efforts, have occurred as a result of the wildfires in the west. According to a forestry official the government has already spent more than 400 million dollars fighting the wildfires this year. In addition, according to the BBC the Pentagon reportedly said that approximately 1,000 extra troops will be sent to Bitterroot and Kootenai National Forests in Montana. A battalion of 500 marines will reportedly also join the firefighting efforts in the Kootenai Forests. Images are made available in the Daily Report of the Operational and Significant Event Imagery (OSEI) Group at:

VIETNAM (storm) The Xinhua reported that according to a Vietnam News Agency on Friday, a whirlwind that occurred on Thursday (24th) hit My Tho city and Go Cong town in Vietnam's Mekong Delta province of Tien Giang. One hundred people were reportedly injured and 1,126 homes were ruined. Another whirlwind on Thursday (24th) reportedly injured 3 people and damaged 100 homes in the town of Rach Gia in the southern province of Kien Giang. Total loss estimates for this area were reportedly estimated at 500 million Vietnamese dong, or 35,700 U.S. dollars. Whirlwinds reportedly also affected the Thanh Phuoc commune in the Binh Dai district of the Mekong Delta province of Ben Tre, the Phuoc Hai commune and the southern province of Ba Ria-Vung Tau. In addition, a tornado reportedly injured 4 and caused 26 houses to collapse on the Khanh Binh Tay commune in the Tran Van Thoi district located in the southernmost province of Ca Mau on Thursday (24th).

Impacts Reported for the month as of 08/29/00

GREECE (fire) The BBC reported on Sunday (27th) that a state of emergency was declared for the Greek island of Corfu as strong winds and high temperatures sparked a number of major forest fires. Fires on the island are mainly affecting central mountainous region, causing several villages to be evacuated while several homes and cars have reportedly been destroyed. Seven firefighters have been taken to the hospital to be treated for the effects of smoke inhalation. Fires have reportedly consumed an estimated 150,000 hectares of woodland in Greece this summer.

IRAQ (drought) The Xinhua reported on Monday (28th) that Iraq is suffering from a severe water shortage and has endured 2 successive years of drought, with this year reportedly believed to be worse than last year. It was reported that this year is believed to be the most severe drought recorded in the past 100 years.

RUSSIA (flood) The Itar-Tass reported on Monday (28th) that floods have occurred in Russia's Primorye region (the Maritime territory) in the Far East. A total of 627 houses have reportedly been submerged in the cities of Bolshoi Karmen and Dalnegorsk, as well as 8 other districts. Thirty-nine bridges, 218km of road and 17km of power lines were reportedly damaged and destroyed. The worst hit district is reportedly Partizanskiy where 7 bridges and 47km of road were destroyed, while 337 hectares of arable land were flooded. The total damage estimate is reportedly more than 45 million rubles.

SOUTH KOREA (flood) The AP reported on Sunday (27th) that after 4 days of unseasonable rain storms that engulfed rivers and caused landslides 5 individuals are dead and 3 are missing. The rains, which began on Thursday (24th) , soaked most of South Korea, especially the southwestern region where the amount of rainfall was reportedly 22.8 inches. Hundreds of homes were reportedly submerged, vast rice fields flooded and sections of major roads and rail lines washed away.

UNITED STATES (drought) The AP reported that north Texas entered its 59th day without moisture on Monday (28th), thus breaking the previous 58-day record set during the dry spell of the Dust Bowl, which occurred during Depression.

UNITED STATES (fire) CNN reported Tuesday (29th) that according to the National Interagency Fire Center 84 wildfires continue to burn across 14 states: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. A reported 72,310 wildfires have burned 6,200,080 acres, or 9,687 square miles, so far this year an area slightly smaller than the state of Maryland.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 09/01/00

AFGHANISTAN (drought) The AP reported that approximately 3,000 individuals arrived in the western city of Herat over the past 2 days as they fled from Afghanistan's worst drought since 1971. According to the UN Food Agency the total number of displaced people is close to 10,000. The drought has also reportedly caused problems in the north country where more than 4,500 individuals left their mountainous homes in the Balkh province because their water supply has bottomed out. The drought has hit most of southern and western Afghanistan, and killed entire herds while negatively impacting nomadic tribes. According to OCHA the provinces of Herat, Farah, Badghis (west), Kandahar, Helmand, Zabul, Nimroz, Urozgan (south-west), Paktia, Paktita, Khost, Ghazni (south), Baghlan, Kunduz, Takhar and Badakhshan (north-east) have been the most severely hit.

BANGLADESH (flood) Various media sources reported that an unusually high tide submerged Sandwip Island just off the Chittagong coast in southeast Bangladesh on Wednesday (30th of August) . At least 2,000 mud and bamboo huts were reportedly flooded, and nearly 12,000 individuals - mainly fishermen - rushed to cyclone shelters. Another 10,000 individuals from Cox's Bazar reportedly took shelter as well. According to officials the tide also inundated parts of Hutiya, Urirchar, Maheshkhali and several smaller islands. In addition, according to the meteorological office, the unusually high tide occurred when a depression over the Bay of Bengal caused the sea to rise, submerging the island under 6 feet of water for nearly 3 hours. One boy drowned, and 10 people were reported injured after a mudslide occurred, while 150 fishermen are missing and feared dead as they were caught at sea in heavy storms. According to the Hindustan Times 3 bodies were found on the coast near the town of Teknaf late Thursday. The Chief Administrative officer at Sandwip Island reportedly told Reuters on Thursday that two-thirds of the 250sq km island is still under water with 1000's of families marooned. According to the latest estimate by the CPC run by the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society - at least 2,000 houses and 10,000 acres of crops were damaged on Sandwip Island. In addition, local officials reported that floods washed away more than 100 shrimp farms in Cox's Bazar and nearby Maheshkhali Island.

CHINA (typhoon) The Xinhua reported that at least four are dead and more than 80 injured following typhoon Prapiroon's arrival in the northern part of the Jiangsu Province. Preliminary statistics show that heavy flooding resulted as 363,933 hectares of farmland were submerged, and 7,538 houses were destroyed. Rainstorms occurred for 24 hours, and Xiangshui County reportedly received 821mm of precipitation, a record in the history of Jiangsu. More than 13,800 individuals from Xiangshui County were reportedly evacuated, and rainfall in the Huangpu district and Chongming County were reported as 85mm and 79mm respectively.

IRAN (drought) According to the BBC a rescue effort is begin staged to transport 2,000 flamingo chicks, who are stranded because of the drought at what was once the second largest lake in Iran, Lake Bakhtegan, to a nearby lake. Local environmentalists estimate that 3,000 chicks that were too young or too weak to migrate may have already died. Lake Bakhetgan once covered 50,000 hectares, but due to regional drought only a few stagnant pools of water remain. Iran is reportedly suffering from its worst drought in 30 years. Wildlife refuges have reportedly been destroyed, lakes and rivers have dried up and large regions of pasture and farmland have been reduced to dust. In addition, an estimated 800,000 livestock have reportedly died already and half of Iran's population of 62 million is suffering from a shortage of drinking water.

PAKISTAN (drought) OCHA reported that the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh have been severely affected by drought this year as they continue to suffer from below normal rainfall since 1998, and an unusually dry spell since November 1999. The drought has reportedly resulted in significant losses of livestock and crops as well as deterioration in health and sanitary conditions. The monsoon rains of July and August in Sindh reportedly covered the entire arid region of the province, and are believed to help improve the situation. In Balochistan the rains reportedly hit only the eastern part of the province with inadequate and scattered precipitation. An estimated 1.5 million people in Balochistan are reportedly suffering in the grip of the drought, two million heads of livestock have died affecting the pastoral economy of the province - and the rain-fed wheat crop failed almost entirely, while the yields of irrigated wheat decreased substantially.

SOUTH KOREA (storm) The AP reported that according to government officials tropical storm Prapiroon, which had weakened from a typhoon, hit South Korea with gale-force winds reaching up to 68mph early Friday(1st September) . At least 4 people are reported dead, and another 21 missing. The storm also sank two boats and downed many power lines. According to officials, nearly 8,000 homes in Seoul were without electricity overnight, and a dike in the south ruptured, flooding residential areas and farmland while leaving approximately 300 individuals homeless.

UNITED STATES (fire) The AP reported that since late July wildfires have burned 716,000 acres in Montana alone, costing 142 million dollars. According to President Clinton a total of 590 million dollars have been spent on emergency funding to fight this year's blazes which have become one of the worst fire seasons in the nation's history.

UZBEKISTAN (drought) OCHA reported that the on-going drought is having a devastating impact on crops and livestock, while also causing a rapid deterioration to health and sanitary conditions. The Republic of Karakalpakstan is reported as one of the most affected regions.

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