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Selected Global Extreme Information

Climate Information Project (CIP): October 1999 - Last Updated November 1st, 1999

UPDATE OF REPORTED CLIMATE-WEATHER IMPACTS

(Courtesy of NOAA Office of Global Programs)

The Rapid Response Project (RRP) has been reformed as the Climate Information Project (CIP). The weekly summaries of climate-weather impacts, monthly summaries of climate conditions, and all other previous RRP activities will be continued under the CIP.

*The information provided in the CIP updates are gathered from a variety of wire and news sources as well as country and international agency reports. It does not necessarily reflect the focus or interest of NOAA's Office of Global Programs and is meant only as source of condensed information.

** All products of the CIP are archived at: Climate Information Project

Climate Information Project: The summaries are broken down into several reports.

Impacts Reported as of 10/01/99- 10/10/99

MEXICO (flood) Flooding and landslides associated with tropical depression 11 have reportedly affected nine of the country's Gulf coast and southern states. According to various media sources, there have been 218 confirmed deaths. 166 of these were in the state of Puebla. 100,000 people were reportedly evacuated from flooding regions in the state of Tabasco. Many bridges and roads were reported as damaged or destroyed, while the airport in Oaxaca was closed due to heavy rainfall.

INDIA (flood) Flooding in the Indian state of West Bengal has affected voting. Early in the week 1,500 polling stations (out of 62,000) were moved to avoid flood problems. It was still reported, however, that floods affected 372 polling stations in the state (235 in Hooghly, 100 in Malda, 33 in Nadia, 4 in Murshidabad).

NIGERIA (flood) Heavy rains pressured the Kainji, Jebba and Shiroro dams to open there sluice gates once more, thereby causing flooding in parts of northern Nigeria along the Niger and Kaduna rivers. According to Reuters unconfirmed, local reports quoted as many as 300 may be dead. Many are believed displaced, but no figures have been reported.

COLOMBIA (flood, landslide) According to media reports, three days of heavy rain resulted in flooding and landslides in parts of Colombia. The worst affected area was reportedly in Florencia where two rivers burst their banks and flooded a poor district. Fifteen deaths and twelve missing persons were reported as well as 40 injured people. 600 homes were also believed to be severely damaged or destroyed. In Puerto Lopez a landslide reportedly caused two deaths.

PHILIPPINES (typhoon Dan) The AP reported that typhoon Dan left seven people dead while flooding roughly 2,600 houses along the Agno River. It was also reported that the Philippine Department of Agriculture noted $1.8 million USD worth of damage to crops.

TAIWAN (typhoon Dan) Rains associated with typhoon Dan reportedly hampered efforts to restore electricity knocked out by an earlier earthquake. Persons left homeless from the quake sheltered in schools as typhoon Dan affected the island.

YEMEN (flood) According to Reuters the local al-Thawra newspaper reported that recent rains were the heaviest in the Lahj governorate since 1982. The rainfall caused flooding in Lahj which resulted in two deaths and reported damage to crops and livestock.

Impacts Reported as of 10/11/99- 10/20/99
CHINA (typhoon Dan) Typhoon Dan caused damage along the Fujian coast of China. 30 deaths were reported as well as another 500 injured persons. The cities of Quanzhou, Xiamen, and Zhangzhou were believed to be the worst affected. Reuters reported that in Xiamen 17,000 trees were knocked over. Economic damages are estimated at $241.6 million USD.

ETHIOPIA (flood) According to the IRIN, floods destroyed 9,500 hectares of farmland. The Afar region of northeastern Ethiopia was reported as particularly affected.

MEXICO (flood, landslides- update) Flooding in nine of Mexico's southern states has left 342 confirmed dead. According to the AP local media are stating upwards of 600 were killed by flooding and associated landslides. Several small protests criticizing the preparedness and response efforts to the recent disaster were reported.

NIGERIA (flooding) The BBC reported that the governor of Niger State, Abdulkhadir Kure, stated the recent floods left 80,000 people in need of food and shelter. The flooding occurred when heavy rains forced the Jabba and Kainji dams along the Niger River to open flood gates in order to prevent damage to the dams. The AP reported the worst hit areas as the towns of Pategi, Lafiaji,Tsaragi, Tsonga and Bacit. The IRIN noted that communities in northwest Nigeria were suing the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA)for nearly $16 million USD for having opened the gates of the two dams.

YEMEN (drought) According the BBC heavy rains last week ended a drought on the Yemen island of Socotra. The drought had reportedly caused the death of many cattle.

CUBA (hurricane Irene) Media sources reported that some 100,000 people were evacuated from low, flood-prone areas as hurricane Irene approached. The storm also reportedly caused several buildings in Havana to collapse and resulted in power outages. Between one to four deaths, as well as one missing person, were reported.

INDIA (flood) OCHA reported that flooding related to the monsoon this year has caused significant flooding in parts of India. In particular Bihar, West Bengal, Utrar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Delhi. In Bihar flooding has reportedly caused 229 deaths and affected 12 million people. Flooding in Uttar Pradesh has left 12,850 villages "marooned" while affecting 10 million people. 500,000 people in Uttar Pradesh were evacuated (70,000 to relief areas in Gorakhpur). In West Bengal flooding in the Malda district is affecting 120,000 people, and in Delhi flooding affecting 11 villages has resulted in $1.9-2.4 million USD worth of damage to property and crops.

MEXICO (flood, landslides- update) Flooding in nine of Mexico's southern states has left 342 confirmed dead. According to the AP local media are stating upwards of 600 were killed by flooding and associated landslides. Several small protests criticizing the preparedness and response efforts to the recent disaster were reported.

NIGERIA (flooding- update) The BBC reported that the governor of Niger State, Abdulkhadir Kure, stated the recent floods left 80,000 people in need of food and shelter. The flooding occurred when heavy rains forced the Jabba and Kainji dams along the Niger River to open flood gates in order to prevent damage to the dams. The AP reported the worst hit areas as the towns of Pategi, Lafiaji,Tsaragi, Tsonga and Bacit. The IRIN noted that communities in northwest Nigeria were suing the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA)for nearly $16 million USD for having opened the gates of the two dams.

YEMEN (drought-update) According the BBC heavy rains last week ended a drought on the Yemen island of Socotra. The drought had reportedly caused the death of many cattle.

Impacts Reported as of 10/21/99- 10/30/99
ETHIOPIA (drought) According to the AP, the Government of Ethiopia stated 7 million drought-affected people could be faced with food situations.

FIRE Fires and hotspots were visible in South America and also were noted in the western United States and California. Images available at: http://www.osei.noaa.gov

INDIA (cyclone)-update A cyclone, affecting the states of Orissa, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh on Monday, has according to media reported left between 60 and 84 people dead. Rice paddies were also reportedly inundated, but damages were not yet assessed. OCHA reported 61 fatalities, 100 persons injured, 15,000 houses damaged, and 60 villages severely affected.

MEXICO (floods, landslides)-update The Government of Mexico reported that in the states of Puebla, Tabasco, Hidalgo, and Veracruz there are 360 confirmed deaths and an estimated 315,000 people made homeless as a result of the recent flooding and associated landslides. Media and other sources estimated the number of deaths at 425.

TROPICAL STORM JOSE Media reports noted that tropical storm Jose caused some damage to roads, buildings, utilities, and beaches in Antigua, Anguilla and the British Virgin Islands. In St. Kitts flooding was reported.

UNITED STATES (hurricane Irene) The AP reported that agricultural losses in Miami-Dade County, caused by flooding associated with hurricane Irene, could reach as much as $100 million dollars. Media have reported that between 5 and 15 deaths occurred in Florida and North Carolina as a result of hurricane Irene.

UNITED STATES (Vermont)(drought) Dry conditions over Vermont this summer has reportedly decreased frogs in some areas by as much as 90 percent.

PARAGUAY (drought) OCHA reported that drought affecting Paraguay since June of this year has affected some 75,000 people in the Departments of Concepción and San Pedro, in the central part of Paraguay.

MEXICO (flood) Another flood surge reportedly caused six more deaths in the state of Tabasco.

UNITED STATES (drought) Various media reports noted the effect of this year's drought in the east and central United States on wildlife. In particular Kentucky reported that drought increased the number of raccoons infected with distemper. Dry conditions over Vermont this summer reportedly decreased frogs in some areas by as much as 90 percent. Deer throughout the east coast are reportedly wandering more than normal in search of food, and in Pennsylvania it was suspected that black bears will also be moving more due to drought related water and food shortages. It was also noted that the Mississippi River was at its lowest level in ten years. The low water levels affect shipping along the river.

GHANA (flood) Ghana appealed for international assistance for damage caused by flooding that occurred in late September. 280,000 people were reportedly displaced while the floods also killed 70. The most affected regions were reported as the Upper West, Upper East and Northern.

INDIA (cyclone) A cyclone affecting the states of Orissa and West Bengal left 2 people dead and destroyed 2,000 homes according to the Hindustan Times. Other media reports noted that the government evacuated some 20,000 people ahead of the storm. About 200 fishermen were reported as still missing.

SOUTH AFRICA (flood) The AP reported that rains and associated flooding killed three people and left hundreds homeless in the KwaZulu-Natal province.

THAILAND (flood) According to the Bangkok Post, the Interior Ministry of Thailand reported floods had affected Prachuap Khiri Khan, Phetchaburi, Ratchaburi, Kanchanaburi, Lop Buri, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, Satun and Phuket. Ten fatalities have been reported and an estimated 170,000 people affected.

TOGO (flood) OCHA reported that flooding in Togo, primarily affecting the Savanes, Kara, Plateaux and Maritime regions, has affected some 65,000 people while destroying 100 bridges, impairing 800 km of road network, and destroying several hundred houses.

UNITED STATES (North Carolina) The Census Bureau of the US government is taking special measures to ensure that flooding which displaced people in North Carolina will not interfere with the 2000 census.

VIETNAM (flood) Reuters reported that heavy rains triggered flooding in the province Quang Binh. Nine fatalities resulted and many homes were damaged or destroyed. The Lao Dong reported that 34,427 houses collapsed and 12,000 acres of plantation had been damaged.

ZIMBABWE (flood) The BBC reported that rising waters of Lake Kariba on the Zambezi River have caused food shortages for wildlife left on several islands within the lake. The Wildlife Society of Zimbabwe is reportedly ferrying food to the islands where waterbuck, impala, baboon, and hippo are the predominantly affected animals.

INDIA (cyclone) -update A cyclone affected the states of Orissa and West Bengal on Friday of last week. Media sources have speculated that between 230 and 3,000 people may have died as a result of flooding associated with the storm. Many homes were believed destroyed and there were numerous reports of damage to roads, bridges, and utilities. Severe weather continued over the weekend, thereby hampering relief efforts. The Hindustan Times reported that food and water riots broke out in the state of Orissa today as supplies became scarce.

MAURITIUS (drought) The reportedly worst drought in 95 years has caused Central Water Authority of Mauritius to ration water. According to the AP, the capital will have access to water for six hours each day. The surrounding countryside will have access to water one hour each day.

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