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Selected Global Extreme Information

Climate Information Project (CIP): December 1999 - Last Updated 28 December 1999


(Courtesy of NOAA Office of Global Programs)

The Rapid Response Project (RRP) has been reformed as the Climate Information Project (CIP). The weekly summaries of climate-weather impacts, monthly summaries of climate conditions, and all other previous RRP activities will be continued under the CIP.

*The information provided in the CIP updates are gathered from a variety of wire and news sources as well as country and international agency reports. It does not necessarily reflect the focus or interest of NOAA's Office of Global Programs and is meant only as source of condensed information.

** All products of the CIP are archived at: Climate Information Project

Climate Information Project: The summaries are broken down into several reports.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/01/99 - 12/06/99

DR CONGO (flood) The BBC and Reuters reported that thousands of people are being evacuated ahead of flood-waters rising along the Congo River. It was also reported that water supplies to 50 percent of the population in Kinshasa have been reduced. Reports indicate that flooding around Kinshasa has displaced some 15,000 to 20,000 people.

FIRE Fires and hotspots were noted in Argentina and Paraguay. Fires were also noted in the US state of Louisiana. Images are available at:

HURRICANE LENNY In the latest SITREP, OCHA reported the following damages caused by hurricane Lenny, which affected the Caribbean in mid-November. Antigua: -damage to roads, bridges, and pipelines -20,000 people without potable water -severe beach erosion. On Barbuda, -65% of the island is under water -roads damaged -95% of agriculture industry destroyed. On St. Kitts: -216 families affected -cost estimated at $41 million USD. On Anguilla: -30 families severely affected by flooding

UNITED STATES (flood)(Oregon) News wires reported that the flooding and associated mudslides, which occurred along Oregon's coast just before the Thanksgiving weekend, closed several roads. It was also reported that the floods caused 300-thousand dollars worth of damage to roads in Tillamook county alone.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/07/99 - 12/12/99

THAILAND (flood) According to the Bangkok Post, flash floods affecting the southern provinces of Yala, Pattani, Narathiwat, Songkhla and Chumphon have resulted in five deaths and affected thousands.

VIETNAM (flood) OCHA reported that the December flash floods in the central provinces of Vietnam have caused 92 deaths, injured 59 people, left 12 people missing, destroyed 28,799 ha of rice paddy, and destroyed 397,232 houses. Media sources have reported between 105 and 120 deaths. Several wires have also noted several villages stranded by damaged roads. The recent event follows serious flooding which occurred in October and November of this year.

INDONESIA (rain, mudslide) Reuters reported that several days of rainfall caused a mudslide to bury parts of a village on Thursday. The affected village, Seberang Palinggam, is located on the island of Sumatra. Sixteen deaths were reported while another 40 persons were still missing.

Impacts Reported for the month as of 12/13/99 - 12/22/99

AUSTRALIA (cyclone John) The category five cyclone John caused relatively minor damage to Australia's northwestern coast. Four hundred people were reportedly evacuated in advance of the storm, three iron ore mines temporarily suspended operations, and some 30 homes in Port Hedland, Roebourne and Wickham were reported to have experienced minor to severe roof damage. The Insurance Council of Australia estimated that the cost of the cyclone could reach $189 million USD.

BURUNDI (drought) The IRIN reported on Dec. 17 that the drought affecting the country during its September and October planting season badly affected the provinces of Kirundo, Gitega, Ruyigi, Cankuzo, Karuzi, Muyinga, Rutana and Makamba As a result food prices have reportedly risen.

VENEZUELA (flood, mudslides) Two weeks of rainfall prompted the Government of Venezuela to declare a State of Emergency on Dec. 16 after flooding and mudslides severely affected the states of Zulia, Falcon, Yaracuy, Nueva Esparta, Carabobo, Tachira, and Miranda, the department of Vargas, and the federal district of Caracas. Initial reports placed related fatalities in the hundreds, however after further assessment, estimates are now ranging in the thousands. Civil Defense Minister Salazar reported 16,000 deaths. Other media and relief-agency fatality estimates, however, have ranged from 10,000 to 30,000. The number of people affected by the mudslides and flooding is at 300,000, 150,000 evacuated, and 140,000 made homeless. Reuters reported 23,000 homes destroyed and severe damage to basic infrastructure such as roads, electricity and water. As reported by OCHA, insurance companies estimate the cost of the disaster at roughly $2 billion USD. In addition the national federation of commerce (FEDECAMARAS) estimates that more than 200,000 jobs have been lost. The Port of La Guaira also sustained heavy damage due to the flooding and is currently closed. The international airport for Caracas was also closed as a result of the disaster. ISRAEL (flood) Reuters reported that rains over Jerusalem caused flash flooding in parts of the city which in turn caused damage to historical sites and a tomb.

ITALY (flood) Reuters reported that heavy rainfall caused rivers and streams to flood, thereby causing mudslides that resulted in four deaths. Cervinara was reported as the most severely affected town.

YEMEN (flood) OCHA reported that flooding on the Socotra Archipelago of southern Yemen has destroyed some 400 homes and damaged the Hedaibo water supply project. Livestock was also reportedly lost. The flooding was reported as caused by periods of heavy rain occurring since Dec. 4.

Impacts Reported for 12/23/99 - 12/27/99

COLOMBIA (flood, landslide) On Saturday rains triggered landslides in Colombia that are reported to have caused 7 fatalities, left 15 people missing, and stranded another 200 people. The AP reported that in El Guabo, a town bordering Ecuador, forty houses were destroyed.

EUROPE (storm) According to various media reports, storms affecting Europe over the weekend have left between 50 and 65 people dead. Thirty of the fatalities are reported to have occurred in France where winds reported at between 90 and 105 mph severely affected power supplies, roads, and other infrastructure. 1.5 million homes in France were temporarily without electricity, Roissy-Charles de Gaulle and Orly airports were closed, and 7 subways as well as several other commuter trains in and around Paris were also temporarily shut down. In Switzerland initial estimates of damage to buildings are at $65 million, but may rise. Eleven fatalities were reported in Switzerland. In the United Kingdom 200 people in east Sussex were evacuated on Christmas day as rivers threatened to flood after heavy rainfall. On Sunday 270 rivers throughout southern Britain were reportedly on some degree of flood alert. Reuters reported that flooding in southern and eastern England had killed at least three people and affected 100 homes since Christmas Eve. In Belgium breaking rivers left some 30,000 people without drinkable water. Airports in Germany were also temporarily closed as well as 13 lines of the Baden-Wuerttemberg, Bavaria and Rhineland-Palatinate.

SOUTH AFRICA (flood) The AP reported last week that two days of heavy rainfall caused flooding in and around the port town of Durban. 16 people were reportedly killed while another 1,000 were left homeless. The most affected areas were shanty settlements situated below flood lines.

TURKEY (storm) The Anatolian news agency reported on December 21 that wind and rain over northwestern Turkey on Dec. 20 affected the camps of persons displaced by earthquakes occurring earlier in the year. Seven people were reportedly injured and 200 tents were blown over.

Impacts Reported for 12/28/99

EUROPE (storm) Following Christmas weekend storms, another storm affected France as well as other parts of Europe. Fatalities caused by the recent storms are now estimated at 92; 57 of these occurring in France, 17 in Germany, 13 in Switzerland, and 5 in Spain. Media sources also reported that some 60,000 trees in forests around Paris were blown over while another 2,000 trees within the city fell. Severe damage to cultural and historic monuments in France is expected to require reconstruction costs of between $62 and $77 million USD. Some of the damage to monuments included: Notre Dame cathedral where slabs of roofing were blown off, the Sainte-Chapelle where a stained glass window was shattered by the storm, and Versailles also experienced severe roof and window damage. The storms have also caused extensive damage and interruption of infrastructure. Several airports were closed, trains were halted, and even nuclear power plants temporarily shut down as flooding associated with the storms threatened the facilities.

Image s of the storm are available from the daily report of the NOAA-NESDIS Operational Significant Event Imagery ( ).

NIGERIA (flood) Reuters reported that heavy rains and the rising water level of Lake Chad have left an estimated 25,000 people homeless in northern Nigeria.

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