Installations: Windows ME/98/95


Top of Page Introduction

All NCDC CD-ROMs, unless otherwise noted, were written for DOS. Some DOS applications cannot be run from a Windows 95/98 DOS shell as some of the operating system's applications are not backward-compatible with DOS. This can cause problems such as memory allocation errors when attempting to run or install NCDC CD-ROMs.

Below are instructions for specific CD-ROMs on installation under the Windows 95/98 operating system. Please note that these guidelines were originally prepared with the Windows 95 operating system in mind but in most cases will also apply to a Windows 98 environment.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page U.S. Navy Marine Climatic Atlas of the World

  1. Close all running applications and insert the CDROM.
  2. Open My Computer and find the Mar2 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Open Mar2 and run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the Marine executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. On the Cmd Line type: n:\Marine.bat n:, where n is the letter for your CDROM drive.
  6. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=30 (or greater).
  7. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  8. Run the Marine executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page Global Upper Air Climatic Atlas

  1. Close all running applications and insert either of the two CDROMs.
  2. Open My Computer. Find and open the Guaca001 or Guaca002 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the Guaca executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=50 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the Guaca executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page Global Historical Fields

  1. Close all running applications and insert the CDROM.
  2. Open My Computer and find and open the GHF0001 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the GHF executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=30 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the GHF executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page MM4 Meteorology Data (Volumes 1-12)

  1. Close all running applications and insert one of the twelve CDROMs.
  2. Open My Computer and find and open the Aqmd1 icon which will correspond to the CDROM Drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the Mm4md executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=50 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the Mm4md executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page Global Daily Summary

WARNING: This CD-ROM was designed to run on DOS machines and the extraction software is not usable in a Windows environment. To manually extract data from this CD in a Windows 95 or Windows 98 environment, use the steps provided below. Note that with this method of extracting data, no installation of the CD is necessary. You may also want to read instructions for use on DOS machines.

A Suggested Method of using Global Daily Summary Version 1.0 in Windows 95/98

  1. Description - The Global Daily Summary Ver. 1.0 CDROM (GDS) provides access to a 10,000-station set of daily maximum/minimum temperature, daily precipitation, and 3-hourly present weather for the 1977-1991 period of record. Data can be selected by weather station for output to file. The dataset includes element flags for suspected erroneous data. A data inventory contains station name, latitude/longitude, elevation, period of record, and the number of observations of available data.
  2. Using In Windows 95/98 OS - The Global Daily Summary Ver. 1.0 CDROM (GDS) is a DOS CD but manual extraction of the data is possible in a Windows 95 or Windows 98 platform. This document will explain how and provide an example of a typical extraction. In Windows 95/98 there is no need to perform an installation of this CD software. Simply follow the instructions in this document to select and access your data.
  3. Obtaining the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Number for your selected cities (weather stations) - Since the data on GDS is organized by the station WMO numbers it is first necessary to determine this number for each station you need. Follow these steps to determine the WMO number(s):
    • a. With the GDS CD in your CDROM drive open (ie double mouse- click) My Computer on your Windows 95/98 desktop. Double mouse-click on the icon for your CDROM drive. This icon will be labelled Ag0001 while the CD is inserted.
    • b. You should now be looking at all of the files on the root directory of this CD. Locate the file called Stations or Stations.dat. Double mouse-click on the Stations or Stations.dat file and one of two things listed below will happen depending on how your computer is configured:
      1. One of the text editors installed on your machine may automatically open the file. If you get a message that says convert file from ASCII (DOS) text, click OK. You should now be looking at a listing of weather stations.
      2. You may also get a Window that is headed Open With that contains a list of programs that you may use to open the file. Most text editors such as Microsoft Word, Wordpad or Word Perfect should work though the file is too large for Notepad to read. I recommend using Wordpad since it is installed on most Windows machines. In the scrollable list of programs, highlight the text editor you want to use to open the file and click OK. If you get a message that says convert file from ASCII (DOS) text, click OK. You should now be looking at a listing of weather stations.
    • c. Notice that the list contains city names in the rightmost column and country names in the leftmost column. The five digit number in the leftmost column appearing with the country name is the WMO number for that station. Notice also that the start and end dates of the period of record is given too. This should correspond to the period of time that data is on this CD for that particular station. Finally notice that the latitude and longitude is referenced (to the nearest hundredth of a degree) and the stations elevation (in meters above mean sea level). For more information about the information given in Stations.dat you may use Wordpad or Notepad to read the Unixread.me file also located on the root directory of the GDS CD. If you use Microsoft Word or Wordpad to read this file, it may be convenient to use the Find feature in these text editors. By pressing Ctrl+F on your keyboard you may type in a city name and click find next in order to locate the cities you need or determine if they are listed.
    • d. Use stations.dat to annotate all of the WMO numbers for the stations you need data for. Close any Windows you have open when you are finished.
  4. Make a Data Directory on your Local Hard Drive called GDS - You will only have to do this step once. Open My Computer and double click on the local hard drive you will be using (most likely your C: drive). Under the File menu click New and then Folder. A new folder will be created on your CD drive. At first it will be named New Folder. Locate the new folder and highlight it with your mouse (single click). Under the file menu select Rename and type GDS and press Enter on your keyboard. You now have a data directory called GDS. You will no longer need to do this step unless you delete the GDS folder later.
  5. Uncompressing your Data into your GDS Directory using Zcat - It is now assumed that you have completed steps 1-4 and have a listing of the WMO numbers for the stations you need data for and have a data directory to keep your data in called GDS. The followiing steps will explain uncompressing and extracting your data into your GDS directory.
    • a.Close all Windows and click the Start button, then Programs, then MS DOS Prompt.
    • b.At the prompt type dev: where dev is the letter assigned to your CDROM drive (probably D or E). Press Enter on your keyboard.
    • c.At the prompt type zcat dev:\data\nn\xxxxx.z > c:\gds\xxxxx.dat where dev is the letter assigned to your CDROM drive (probably D or E) and nn is the second and third digit of the 5 digit WMO number of the station you are extracting data for (for example Kadena AFB Japan has a WMO number of 47931, so in this case nn=79) and xxxxx is the entire 5 digit WMO number for the station being extracted (eg 47931 for Kadena AFB Japan) and "c" is the letter assigned to the local hard drive you are using (usually c or d). Press Enter on your keyboard. Repeat this step for other stations as necessary. Assuming E is your CDROM drive letter and C is your local hard drive, the entire line for uncompressing and extracting the Kadena AFB Japan file would read:

      e: > zcat e:\data\79\47931.z > c:\gds\47931.dat

    • d.Wait a few seconds and type exit at the prompt and then press Enter on your keyboard. Your DOS window should close.
    • e.Double click My Computer, double click your local hard drive icon and then double click the GDS directory you created earlier. You should now see that it has a file (or files) in it named after the WMO number for the station(s) you extracted. Double click the station file you want to examine. One of two things listed below will happen depending on how your computer is configured:
      1. One of the text editors installed on your machine may automatically open the file. If you get a message that says convert file from ASCII (DOS) text, click OK. You should now be looking at your data for the selected station.
      2. You may also get a Window that is headed Open With that contains a list of programs that you may use to open the file. Most text editors such as Microsoft Word, Wordpad or Word Perfect should work though the file may be too large for Notepad to read. I recommend using Wordpad since it is installed on most Windows machines. In the scrollable list of programs, highlight the text editor you want to use to open the file and click OK. If you get a message that says convert file from ASCII (DOS) text, click OK. You should now be looking at your data for the selected station.
  6. Reading your Data Files - Data File Format: The following describes the elements and flags in the data files. The information is presented in the same order as the data in the file. Additional documentation may be found in another file, CAC.DOC, also located in the root directory of the GDS CD-ROM.
SIZE DATA
6 Date: Greenwich date (yymmdd)
5 24-hour maximum temperature: Units 0.1 degree Celsius. Missing is -999.
2 2-digit temperature flag for maximum temperature.
5 24-hour minimum temperature: Units .1 degree Celsius. Missing is -999.
2 2-digit temperature flag for minimum temperature.
5 Total precipitation reported during the 24-hour period: Units .1mm. May include precipitation which fell during previous 24-hour period, but not included in current 24-hour summary record. Missing is -999.
2 24-hour precipitation flag.
1 Precipitation trace flag.
8 Present/past weather codes: Eight 1-character codes indicating general form of present weather for each of the eight synoptic reporting times, or past weather if present weather is not available. The first code is for 000Z, the second for 003Z, etc. Codes are given below.

Present/past weather codes:
  - = no station report available
/ = neither present or past weather reported
A = hail
B = blowing snow
C = snow crystals
D = dust/sand
E = rime fog
F = fog
G = ground fog
H = haze
I = diamond dust
J = drifting snow
K = smoke
L = drizzle
M = mist
N = not used
O = no significant
P = ice pellets
Q = squall
R = rain
S = snow
T = thunderstorm
U = lightning
V = virga
W = showers
X = distant precip
Y = funnel cloud
Z = freezing precip
2 Number of observations received.
2 Number of observations reporting present or past weather with precipitation.
5 Total of precipitation which was reported and fell during the 24-hour period: Units .1mm. Available 9/1/82 to 12/31/86.
5 Total of precipitation which was reported plus the amount estimated during periods when reported amounts were not available: Units .1mm. Begins 9/1/82.
2 Number of 6 hour periods for which reported amounts were not available and were estimated. Begins 9/1/82.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page Solar and Meteorological Surface Observation Network (SAMSON)

  1. Close all running applications and insert one of the three CDROM volumes.
  2. Open My Computer then find and open the Nrel0001, Nrel0002 or Nrel0003 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the SAMSON executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=50 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the SAMSON executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page Hourly United States Weather Observations (HUSWO)

  1. Close all running applications and insert the CDROM.
  2. Open My Computer then find and open the Nrel0001 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the Huswo executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=50 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the Huswo executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page International Station Meteorological Climate Summary (ISMCS)

  1. Close all running applications and insert the CDROM.
  2. Open My Computer then find and open the icon corresponding to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. 4. Run the ISMCS executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page C-Man and Buoy Reports and Summarized Elements

  1. Close all running applications and insert either of the two CDROM volumes.
  2. Open My Computer, then find and open the Seabrz1 or Seabrz2 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the Seabrz executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like: DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=30 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the Seabrz executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.


Top of Page Global Tropical/Extratropical Cyclone Climate Atlas (GTECCA)

  1. Close all running applications and insert the CDROM.
  2. Open My Computer and find and open the Gtecca01 icon which will correspond to the CDROM drive.
  3. Run the Install executable. Installation should begin in a DOS window. Follow installation instructions and close the DOS window when installation completes.
  4. Select the Cyclone executable and on the File menu choose Properties, then select the Program tab.
  5. Push the Advanced button. Check the box that says MS DOS mode and choose the button that says Specify a new MS DOS configuration. Important: Make sure that your Config.sys window and Autoexec.bat window properly reference the path to your CDROM device driver and if desired, mouse device driver. For example if you have an Atapi CDROM reader that uses your E drive, your Config.sys should have a line in it that reads something like:
    DEVICE=C:\CDROM\ATAPICD.SYS /D: OEMCD001 and your Autoexec.bat should have a line that reads something like: C:\CDROM\MSCDEX.EXE /D:OEMCD001 /L:E. This E at the end of the line indicates the CDROM drive letter. Your config.sys window should also have a line that says BUFFERS=10 (or greater) and FILES=30 (or greater).
  6. Choose OK on the Advanced Program Settings and the Program tab.
  7. Run the CYCLONE executable to begin a session.

If you have any questions you may telephone our CDROM Helpdesk at 828-271-4702.

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