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Satellite Data Access by Datasets

Satellite data listed by parameter being observed. Many of these data products are supported by the NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) Program and are noted below as CDR datasets.

Atmospheric Data

Dataset Description Spatial Information Temporal Information Access
CDR HIRS OLR The HIRS OLR Climate Data Record is a continuous time series of the outgoing longwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere. The HIRS OLR is derived from the radiance observations from HIRS instruments onboard the NOAA Polar-orbiting Environmental Satellites (POES) and EUMETSAT MetOp satellites. Global; 2.5 deg Monthly; 1979–2010 THREDDS
CDR AVHRR AOT Climate Data Record Program aerosol optical thickness (AOT) for the AVHRR channel 1 (0.63 micron) over the global oceans. The daily data are in equal area orbital (ascending and descending) grid and monthly data are in equal angle grid. Both daily and monthly data are in NetCDF format. Global oceans; varying resolution Daily and monthly; 1981–2009 THREDDS
ISCCP Cloud Data The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) provides global cloud information at many resolutions (32 to 280km) and time scales (3 hourly to monthly) derived from geostationary and polar orbiting satellite instruments. Global; varying resolution 1983–2009 THREDDS
SSMI-SSMIS Hydrological Products Monthly and pentad averaged SSMI and SSMIS products include precipitation, cloud liquid water, total precipitable water, snow cover, and sea ice extent. These products are useful for evaluating the mean climate state, its interannual and seasonal variations, and the detection of anomalies associated with large-scale (e.g., ENSO, Arctic Oscillation) and regional climatic variations. A time series of the entire SSM/I and SSMIS archive includes data from July 1987 to the present. Global; 1 and 2.5 deg Monthly and pentad; 1987–present FTP

Oceanic Data

The following table is not an exhaustive list of satellite-based oceanic data. Other ocean products are available from the National Oceanographic Data Center and NOAA's Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS).

Dataset Description Spatial Information Temporal Information Access
CDR Pathfinder SST Climate Data Record Program Pathfinder Sea Surface Temperature (SST) derived from the 5-channel Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR sensors) flown on NOAA's polar orbiting satellites. Global: oceans; ~4km Daily; 1981–2010 THREDDS
Daily OISST Two new high-resolution sea surface temperature (SST) analysis products have been developed using optimum interpolation (OI). The analyses have a spatial grid resolution of 0.25° and temporal resolution of 1 day. One product uses Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) infrared satellite SST data. The other uses AVHRR and Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR) on the NASA Earth Observing System satellite SST data. Global; 0.25 deg Daily; 1981–present FTP
Blended Sea Winds The Blended Sea Winds contain globally gridded, high-resolution ocean surface vector winds and wind stresses. The wind directions came from two sources depending on the products: for the research products, the source is the NCEP Reanalysis 2 (NRA-2) and for near-real-time products, the source is the ECMWF NWP. The wind directions were interpolated onto the blended speed grids. Global oceans; 0.25 deg 6-hourly; 1995–2005


Validation Datasets - SURFA The WCRP Surface Flux Analysis (SURFA) initiative is to facilitate the evaluation of forecast skills from NWP and climate models as well as products from reanalysis and remotely sensed surface flux variables against high-quality in situ reference data. The datasets here include output from NWP model forecasts and reanalysis as well as in situ station observations from January 2008 onward. Global; 0.25 deg 2008–present FTP:SITU

In situ marine data from NCDC are also available.

Other Data

Dataset Description Spatial Information Temporal Information Access
CDR Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover Extent
The Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover Extent (NH SCE) Climate Data Record (CDR) is produced from SCE maps, which are based upon various satellite data sources. The data are provided on an 89 x 89 grid with variable resolution ranging from ~10,000 sq. km at the equator to ~42,000 sq. km at the North Pole.
Northern Hemisphere Land; varying resolution Weekly; 1966–present THREDDS
CDR GridSat Climate Data Record Program Gridded Satellite (GridSat) from ISCCP B1 Infrared (IR) window channel brightness temperatures. Data have been calibrated and remapped to gridded netCDF. 70N-70S; 8km 3 hourly; 1981–2009 THREDDS
CDR Sea Ice Concentration This dataset provides a Climate Data Record (CDR) of passive microwave sea ice concentration based on the recommendations from the National Research Council (NRC) (2004). It is produced from gridded brightness temperatures from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) series of Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) passive microwave radiometers: F-8, F-11, and F-13. The NOAA/NSIDC CDR sea ice concentrations provide a consistent, daily time series of sea ice concentrations from 09 July 1987 through 31 December 2007. North and south polar regions; polar stereographic Daily and monthly; 1987–2007 FTP
HURSAT Gridded brightness temperatures centered on tropical cyclones from around the globe. Data from geostationary (HURSAT-B1), polar orbiting data (HURSAT-AVHRR), and SSMI (HURSAT-MW) are available. Latest release is version v05. Global; varying resolutions 3 hourly; 1979–2009 FTP:AVHRR
IBTrACS Providing tropical cyclone best track data in a centralized location to aid our understanding of the distribution, frequency, and intensity of tropical cyclones worldwide. Global 6 hourly; 1851–2010 FTP